Nobeli füsioloogia- või meditsiiniauhind

Allikas: Vikipeedia

Nobeli füsioloogia- või meditsiiniauhind on üks viiest algupärasest Nobeli auhinnast. Selle auhinna saaja otsustab Rootsi Kuninglik Meditsiiniinstituut (Karolinska institutet).

Laureaadid[muuda | redigeeri lähteteksti]

Aasta Auhinna saajad
1901 Emil Adolf von Behring
1902 Ronald Ross
1903 Niels Ryberg Finsen
1904 Ivan Pavlov
1905 Robert Koch
1906 Camillo Golgi, Santiago Ramón y Cajal
1907 Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran
1908 Ilja Metšnikov, Paul Ehrlich
1909 Emil Theodor Kocher
1910 Albrecht Kossel
1911 Allvar Gullstrand
1912 Alexis Carrel
1913 Charles Robert Richet
1914 Robert Bárány
1919 Jules Bordet
1920 Schack August Steenberg Krogh
1922 Archibald Vivian Hill, Otto Fritz Meyerhof
1923 Frederick Grant Banting, John James Richard Macleod
1924 Willem Einthoven
1926 Johannes Andreas Grib Fibiger
1927 Julius Wagner-Jauregg
1928 Charles Jules Henri Nicolle
1929 Christiaan Eijkman, Frederick Gowland Hopkins
1930 Karl Landsteiner
1931 Otto Heinrich Warburg
1932 Charles Scott Sherrington, Edgar Douglas Adrian
1933 Thomas Hunt Morgan
1934 George Hoyt Whipple, George Richards Minot, William Parry Murphy
1935 Hans Spemann
1936 Henry Hallett Dale, Otto Loewi
1937 Albert von Szent-Györgyi Nagyrapolt
1938 Corneille Jean François Heymans
1939 Gerhard Domagk
1943 Henrik Carl Peter Dam, Edward Adelbert Doisy
1944 Joseph Erlanger, Herbert Spencer Gasser
1945 Alexander Fleming, Ernst Boris Chain, Howard Walter Florey
1946 Hermann Joseph Muller
1947 Carl Ferdinand Cori, Gerty Theresa Cori, Bernardo Alberto Houssay
1948 Paul Hermann Müller
1949 Walter Rudolf Hess, Antonio Caetano De Abreu Freire Egas Moniz
1950 Edward Calvin Kendall, Tadeus Reichstein, Philip Showalter Hench
1951 Max Theiler
1952 Selman Abraham Waksman
1953 Hans Adolf Krebs, Fritz Albert Lipmann
1954 John Franklin Enders, Thomas Huckle Weller, Frederick Chapman Robbins
1955 Axel Hugo Theodor Theorell
1956 André Frédéric Cournand, Werner Forssmann, Dickinson W. Richards
1957 Daniel Bovet
1958 George Wells Beadle, Edward Lawrie Tatum, Joshua Lederberg
1959 Severo Ochoa, Arthur Kornberg
1960 Frank MacFarlane Burnet, Peter Brian Medawar
1961 Georg von Békésy
1962 Francis Harry Compton Crick, James Dewey Watson, Maurice Hugh Frederick Wilkins
1963 John Carew Eccles, Alan Lloyd Hodgkin, Andrew Fielding Huxley
1964 Konrad Bloch, Feodor Lynen
1965 François Jacob, André Lwoff, Jacques Monod
1966 Peyton Rous, Charles Brenton Huggins
1967 Ragnar Granit, Haldan Keffer Hartline, George Wald
1968 Robert Holley, Har Gobind Khorana, Marshall Nirenberg
1969 Max Delbrück, Alfred Hershey, Salvador Luria
1970 Bernard Katz, Ulf von Euler, Julius Axelrod
1971 Earl Wilbur Sutherland, Jr.
1972 Gerald Edelman, Rodney Porter
1973 Karl von Frisch, Konrad Lorenz, Niko Tinbergen
1974 Albert Claude, Christian de Duve, George Palade
1975 David Baltimore, Renato Dulbecco, Howard Martin Temin
1976 Baruch Blumberg, Carleton Gajdusek
1977 Roger Guillemin, Andrzej Schally, Rosalyn Yalow
1978 Werner Arber, Daniel Nathans, Hamilton Smith
1979 Allan Cormack, Godfrey Hounsfield
1980 Baruj Benacerraf, Jean Dausset, George Snell
1981 Roger Sperry, David Hubel, Torsten Wiesel
1982 Sune Bergström, Bengt Samuelsson, John Vane
1983 Barbara McClintock
1984 Niels Kaj Jerne, Georges Köhler, César Milstein
1985 Michael Brown, Joseph Goldstein
1986 Stanley Cohen, Rita Levi-Montalcini
1987 Susumu Tonegawa
1988 James Black, Gertrude Elion, George Hitchings
1989 Michael Bishop, Harold Varmus
1990 Joseph Murray, Donnall Thomas
1991 Erwin Neher, Bert Sakmann
1992 Edmond Fischer, Edwin Krebs
1993 Richard Roberts, Phillip Sharp
1994 Alfred Gilman, Martin Rodbell
1995 Edward Lewis, Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard, Eric Wieschaus
1996 Peter Doherty, Rolf Zinkernagel
1997 Stanley Prusiner
1998 Robert Furchgott, Louis Ignarro, Ferid Murad
1999 Günter Blobel
2000 Arvid Carlsson, Paul Greengard, Eric Kandel
2001 Leland Hartwell, Timothy Hunt, Paul Nurse
2002 Sydney Brenner, Robert Horvitz, John Sulston
2003 Paul Lauterbur, Peter Mansfield
2004 Richard Axel, Linda Buck
2005 Barry J. Marshall, J. Robin Warren
2006 Andrew Fire, Craig C. Mello
2007 Mario Capecchi, Martin Evans, Oliver Smithies
2008 Harald zur Hausen, Françoise Barré-Sinoussi, Luc Montagnier
2009 Elizabeth Blackburn, Carol Greider, Jack Szostak
2010 Robert Edwards[1]
2011 Bruce Beutler, Jules Hoffmann, Ralph Steinman
2012 John Gurdon, Shinya Yamanaka
2013 James Rothman, Randy Schekman, Thomas Südhof

Viited[muuda | redigeeri lähteteksti]

Välislingid[muuda | redigeeri lähteteksti]


Nobeli auhinnad
Füsioloogia või meditsiin | Füüsika | Keemia | Kirjandus | Rahu
Rootsi Panga auhind majandusteaduses Alfred Nobeli mälestuseks