James Tait Blacki mälestusauhind

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James Tait Blacki mälestusauhind on kirjandusauhind, mida antakse igal aastal välja inglise keeles kirjutatud silmapaistnud kirjandusteoste autoreile.

1919. aastal asutatud James Tait Blacki mälestusauhind on Šotimaa vanim kirjandusauhind ja kõrvuti samal aastal asutatud Hawthorndeni auhinnaga ühtlasi Suurbritannia ja Põhja-Iiri Ühendkuningriigi vanim kirjandusauhind.[1] Šotimaa Edinburghi Ülikooli poolt väljaantava auhinna asutas 1919. aastal pr Janet Coats Black oma abikaasa,[2] kirjastuse A & C Black Ltd. partneri, James Tait Blacki mälestuseks.[3] Auhindu antakse kolmes kategoorias: ilukirjandus, biograafia ja näitekirjandus.

Neli Nobeli kirjandusauhinna laureaati – Sir William Golding, Nadine Gordimer, J. M. Coetzee ja Doris Lessing – kuulutati eelnevalt James Tait Blacki mälestusauhinna laureaatideks. Tuntud autorite seas on veel D. H. Lawrence, Arnold Bennett, E. M. Forster, John Buchan, Robert Graves, Graham Greene, Evelyn Waugh, Muriel Spark, J. G. Ballard, Angela Carter, Margaret Drabble ja Salman Rushdie. Hiljem on auhinna saanud veel Graham Swift, Zadie Smith, Martin Amis ja Ian McEwan.

Laureaatide loend[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Aasta Ilukirjandus Biograafia Näitekirjandus
1919 Hugh Walpole, „The Secret City“ Henry Festing Jones, „Samuel Butler, Author of Erewhon (1835–1902) – A Memoir“ (Samuel Butler) N/A
1920 D. H. Lawrence, „The Lost Girl G. M. Trevelyan, „Lord Grey of the Reform Bill“ (Earl Grey) N/A
1921 Walter de la Mare, „Memoirs of a Midget Lytton Strachey, „Queen Victoria“ (Queen Victoria) N/A
1922 David Garnett, „Lady into Fox Percy Lubbock, „Earlham“ N/A
1923 Arnold Bennett, „Riceyman Steps Ronald Ross, „Memoirs, Etc.“ (autobiograafia) N/A
1924 E. M. Forster, „A Passage to India William Wilson, „The House of Airlie“ (The Earls of Airlie) N/A
1925 Liam O'Flaherty, „The Informer Geoffrey Scott, „The Portrait of Zelide“ (Isabelle de Charrière) N/A
1926 Radclyffe Hall, „Adam's Breed Reverend Dr H. B. Workman, „John Wyclif: A Study of the English Medieval Church“ (John Wyclif) N/A
1927 Francis Brett Young, „Portrait of Clare H. A. L. Fisher, „James Bryce, Viscount Bryce of Dechmont, O.M.“ (James Bryce, 1st Viscount Bryce) N/A
1928 Siegfried Sassoon, „Memoirs of a Fox-Hunting Man John Buchan, „Montrose“ (James Graham)[märkus 1] N/A
1929 J. B. Priestley, „The Good Companions Lord David Cecil, „The Stricken Deer: or The Life of Cowper“ (William Cowper) N/A
1930 E. H. Young, „Miss Mole“ Francis Yeats-Brown, „The Lives of a Bengal Lancer“ (autobiograafia) N/A
1931 Kate O'Brien, „Without My Cloak“ J. Y. T. Greig, „David Hume“ (David Hume) N/A
1932 Helen de Guerry Simpson, „Boomerang“ Stephen Gwynn, „The Life of Mary Kingsley“ (Mary Kingsley) N/A
1933 A. G. Macdonell, „England, Their England Violet Clifton, „The Book of Talbot“ (John Talbot Clifton) N/A
1934 Robert Graves, „I, Claudius“ ja „Claudius the God“ J. E. Neale, „Queen Elizabeth“ (Elizabeth I) N/A
1935 L. H. Myers, „The Root and the Flower“ Raymond Wilson Chambers, „Thomas More“ (Thomas More) N/A
1936 Winifred Holtby, „South Riding Edward Sackville West, „A Flame in Sunlight: The Life and Work of Thomas de Quincey“ (Thomas de Quincey) N/A
1937 Neil M. Gunn, „Highland River“ Lord Eustace Percy, „John Knox“ (John Knox) N/A
1938 C. S. Forester, „A Ship of the Line“ ja „Flying Colours Sir Edmund Chambers, „Samuel Taylor Coleridge“ (Samuel Taylor Coleridge) N/A
1939 Aldous Huxley, „After Many a Summer David C. Douglas, „English Scholars“[märkus 2] N/A
1940 Charles Morgan, „The Voyage“ Hilda F. M. Prescott, „Spanish Tudor: Mary I of England“ (Mary I) N/A
1941 Joyce Cary, „A House of Children“ John Gore, „King George V“ (George V) N/A
1942 Arthur Waley, „Monkey“ tõlge (Wu Cheng'en) Lord Ponsonby of Shulbrede, „Henry Ponsonby: Queen Victoria's Private Secretary“ (Henry Ponsonby) N/A
1943 Mary Lavin, „Tales from Bective Bridge“ G. G. Coulton, „Fourscore Years“ (autobiograafia) N/A
1944 Forrest Reid, „Young Tom“ C. V. Wedgwood, „William the Silent“ (William the Silent) N/A
1945 L. A. G. Strong, „Travellers“ D. S. MacColl, „Philip Wilson Steer“ (Philip Wilson Steer) N/A
1946 Oliver Onions, „Poor Man's Tapestry“ Richard Aldington, „A Life of Wellington: The Duke“ (Arthur Wellesley) N/A
1947 L. P. Hartley, „Eustace and Hilda Charles E. Raven, „English Naturalists from Neckam to Ray“ (Alexander Neckam ja John Ray) N/A
1948 Graham Greene, „The Heart of the Matter Percy A. Scholes, „The Great Dr. Burney“ (Charles Burney) N/A
1949 Emma Smith, „The Far Cry“ John Connell, „W. E. Henley“ (W. E. Henley) N/A
1950 Robert Henriques, „Through the Valley“ Cecil Woodham-Smith, „Florence Nightingale“ (Florence Nightingale) N/A
1951 Chapman Mortimer, „Father Goose“ Noel Annan, „Leslie Stephen“ (Leslie Stephen) N/A
1952 Evelyn Waugh, „Men at Arms G. M. Young, „Stanley Baldwin“ (Stanley Baldwin) N/A
1953 Margaret Kennedy, „Troy Chimneys Carola Oman, „Sir John Moore“ (John Moore) N/A
1954 C. P. Snow, „The New Men“ ja „The Masters“ Keith Feiling, „Warren Hastings“ (Warren Hastings) N/A
1955 Ivy Compton-Burnett, „Mother and Son“ R. W. Ketton-Cremer, „Thomas Gray“ (Thomas Gray) N/A
1956 Rose Macaulay, „The Towers of Trebizond St John Greer Ervine, „George Bernard Shaw“ (George Bernard Shaw) N/A
1957 Anthony Powell, „At Lady Molly's Maurice Cranston, „Life of John Locke“ (John Locke) N/A
1958 Angus Wilson, „The Middle Age of Mrs. Eliot Joyce Hemlow, „The History of Fanny Burney“ (Fanny Burney) N/A
1959 Morris West, „The Devil's Advocate Christopher Hassall, „Edward Marsh“ (Edward Marsh) N/A
1960 Rex Warner, „Imperial Caesar“ Canon Adam Fox, „The Life of Dean Inge“ (Dean Inge) N/A
1961 Jennifer Dawson, „The Ha-Ha“ M. K. Ashby, „Joseph Ashby of Tysoe“ (Joseph Ashby) N/A
1962 Ronald Hardy, „Act of Destruction“ Meriol Trevor, „Newman: The Pillar and the Cloud“ ja „Newman: Light in Winter“ (John Henry Newman) N/A
1963 Gerda Charles, „A Slanting Light“ Georgina Battiscombe, „John Keble: A Study in Limitations“ (John Keble) N/A
1964 Frank Tuohy, „The Ice Saints“ Elizabeth Longford, „Victoria R.I.“ (Queen Victoria) N/A
1965 Muriel Spark, „The Mandelbaum Gate Mary Caroline Moorman, „William Wordsworth: The Later Years 1803–1850“ (William Wordsworth) N/A
1966 Christine Brooke-Rose, „Such“
Aidan Higgins, „Langrishe, Go Down“
Geoffrey Keynes, „The Life of William Harvey“ (William Harvey) N/A
1967 Margaret Drabble, „Jerusalem the Golden Winifred Gérin, „Charlotte Brontë: The Evolution of Genius“ (Charlotte Brontë) N/A
1968 Maggie Ross, „The Gasteropod“ Gordon Haight, „George Eliot“ (George Eliot) N/A
1969 Elizabeth Bowen, „Eva Trout Antonia Fraser, „Mary, Queen of Scots“ (Mary, Queen of Scots) N/A
1970 Lily Powell, „The Bird of Paradise“ Jasper Ridley, „Lord Palmerston“ (Henry Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston) N/A
1971 Nadine Gordimer, „A Guest of Honour“ Julia Namier, „Lewis Namier“ (Lewis Namier) N/A
1972 John Berger, „G Quentin Bell, „Virginia Woolf“ (Virginia Woolf) N/A
1973 Iris Murdoch, „The Black Prince Robin Lane Fox, „Alexander the Great“ (Alexander the Great) N/A
1974 Lawrence Durrell, „Monsieur: or, The Prince of Darkness John Wain, „Samuel Johnson“ (Samuel Johnson) N/A
1975 Brian Moore, „The Great Victorian Collection“ Karl Miller, „Cockburn's Millennium“ (Henry Cockburn) N/A
1976 John Banville, „Doctor Copernicus Ronald Hingley, „A New Life of Chekhov“ (Anton Chekhov) N/A
1977 John le Carré, „The Honourable Schoolboy George Painter, „Chateaubriand: Volume 1 – The Longed-For Tempests“ (François-René de Chateaubriand) N/A
1978 Maurice Gee, „Plumb Robert Gittings, „The Older Hardy“ (Thomas Hardy) N/A
1979 William Golding, „Darkness Visible Brian Finney, „Christopher Isherwood: A Critical Biography“ (Christopher Isherwood) N/A
1980 J. M. Coetzee, „Waiting for the Barbarians Robert B. Martin, „Tennyson: The Unquiet Heart“ (Alfred Tennyson) N/A
1981 Salman Rushdie, „Midnight's Children
Paul Theroux, „The Mosquito Coast
Victoria Glendinning, „Edith Sitwell: Unicorn Among Lions“ (Edith Sitwell) N/A
1982 Bruce Chatwin, „On The Black Hill Richard Ellmann, „James Joyce“ (James Joyce) N/A
1983 Jonathan Keates, „Allegro Postillions“ Alan Walker, „Franz Liszt: The Virtuoso Years“ (Franz Liszt) N/A
1984 J. G. Ballard, „Empire of the Sun
Angela Carter, „Nights at the Circus
Lyndall Gordon, „Virginia Woolf: A Writer's Life“ (Virginia Woolf) N/A
1985 Robert Edric, „Winter Garden“ David Nokes, „Jonathan Swift: A Hypocrite Reversed“ (Jonathan Swift) N/A
1986 Jenny Joseph, „Persephone“ Dame Felicitas Corrigan, „Helen Waddell“ (Helen Waddell) N/A
1987 George Mackay Brown, „The Golden Bird: Two Orkney Stories“ Ruth Dudley Edwards, „Victor Gollancz: A Biography“ (Victor Gollancz) N/A
1988 Piers Paul Read, „A Season in the West“ Brian McGuinness, „Wittgenstein, A Life: Young Ludwig (1889–1921)“ (Ludwig Wittgenstein) N/A
1989 James Kelman, „A Disaffection Ian Gibson, „Federico García Lorca: A Life“ (Federico García Lorca) N/A
1990 William Boyd, „Brazzaville Beach Claire Tomalin, „The Invisible Woman: The Story of Nelly Ternan and Charles Dickens“ (Ellen Ternan ja Charles Dickens) N/A
1991 Iain Sinclair, „Downriver“ Adrian Desmond ja James Moore, „Darwin“ (Charles Darwin) N/A
1992 Rose Tremain, „Sacred Country Charles Nicholl, „The Reckoning: The Murder of Christopher Marlowe“ (Christopher Marlowe) N/A
1993 Caryl Phillips, „Crossing the River Richard Holmes, „Dr Johnson and Mr Savage“ (Samuel Johnson, Richard Savage) N/A
1994 Alan Hollinghurst, „The Folding Star Doris Lessing, „Under My Skin“ (autobiograafia) N/A
1995 Christopher Priest, „The Prestige Gitta Sereny, „Albert Speer: His Battle with Truth“ (Albert Speer) N/A
1996 Graham Swift, „Last Orders
Alice Thompson, „Justine“
Diarmaid MacCulloch, „Thomas Cranmer: A Life“ (Thomas Cranmer) N/A
1997 Andrew Miller, „Ingenious Pain R. F. Foster, „W. B. Yeats: A Life, Volume 1 – The Apprentice Mage 1865–1914“ (W. B. Yeats) N/A
1998 Beryl Bainbridge, „Master Georgie Peter Ackroyd, „The Life of Thomas More“ (Thomas More) N/A
1999 Timothy Mo, „Renegade, or Halo2“ Kathryn Hughes, „George Eliot: The Last Victorian“ (George Eliot) N/A
2000 Zadie Smith, „White Teeth Martin Amis, „Experience“ (autobiograafia) N/A
2001 Sid Smith, „Something Like a House Robert Skidelsky, „John Maynard Keynes: Volume 3 – Fighting for Britain 1937–1946“ (John Maynard Keynes) N/A
2002 Jonathan Franzen, „The Corrections Jenny Uglow, „The Lunar Men: The Friends Who Made the Future 1730–1810“ (Lunar Society of Birmingham) N/A
2003 Andrew O'Hagan, „Personality“ Janet Browne, „Charles Darwin: Volume 2 – The Power of Place“ (Charles Darwin) N/A
2004 David Peace, „GB84“ Jonathan Bate, „John Clare: A Biography“ (John Clare) N/A
2005 Ian McEwan, „Saturday[4] Sue Prideaux, „Edvard Munch: Behind the Scream“ (Edvard Munch)[4] N/A
2006 Cormac McCarthy, „The Road Byron Rogers, „The Man Who Went Into the West: The Life of R. S. Thomas“ (R. S. Thomas) N/A
2007 Rosalind Belben, „Our Horses in Egypt“[5] Rosemary Hill, „God's Architect: Pugin and the Building of Romantic Britain“ (Augustus Pugin)[5] N/A
2008 Sebastian Barry, „The Secret Scripture[6] Michael Holroyd, „A Strange Eventful History“ (The families of Ellen Terry ja Henry Irving)[6] N/A
2009 A. S. Byatt, „The Children's Book[7] John Carey, „William Golding: The Man Who Wrote Lord of the Flies“ (William Golding)[7] N/A
2010 Tatjana Soli, „The Lotus Eaters[8] Hilary Spurling, „Burying the Bones: Pearl Buck in China“ (Pearl Buck)[8] N/A
2011 Padgett Powell, „You and I“[9] Fiona MacCarthy, „The Last Pre-Raphaelite: Edward Burne-Jones and the Victorian Imagination“ (Edward Burne-Jones)[9] N/A
2012 Alan Warner, „The Deadman's Pedal“[3] Tanya Harrod, „The Last Sane Man: Michael Cardew, Modern Pots, Colonialism and the Counterculture“ (Michael Cardew)[3] Tim Price, „The Radicalisation of Bradley Manning“[3]
2013 Jim Crace, „Harvest[10] Hermione Lee, „Penelope Fitzgerald: A Life“ (Penelope Fitzgerald)[10] Rory Mullarkey, „Cannibals“[11]
2014 Zia Haider Rahman, „In the Light of What We Know[12] Richard Benson, „The Valley: A Hundred Years in the Life of a Family“[12] Gordon Dahlquist, „Tomorrow Come Today“[13]
2015 Benjamin Markovits, „You Don't Have to Live Like This“[14] James Shapiro, „1606: Shakespeare and the Year of Lear“ (William Shakespeare)[14] Gary Owen, „Iphigenia in Splott“[15]
2016 Eimear McBride, „The Lesser Bohemians“[16] Laura Cumming, „The Vanishing Man: In Pursuit of Velazquez“ (Diego Velázquez)[16] David Ireland, „Cyprus Avenue“[17]
2017 Eley Williams, „Attrib. and other stories“[18] Craig Brown, „Ma'am Darling: 99 Glimpses of Princess Margaret“ (Printsess Margaret)[18] Tanika Gupta, „Lions and Tigers“[19]
2018 Olivia Laing, „Crudo[20] Lindsey Hilsum, „In Extremis: The Life and Death of the War Correspondent Marie Colvin“ (Marie Colvin)[20] Clare Barron, „Dance Nation“[21]
2019 Lucy Ellmann, „Ducks, Newburyport[22] George Szirtes, „The Photographer at Sixteen“ (autobiograafia)[22] Yasmin Joseph, „J'Ouvert“[23]
2020 Shola von Reinhold, „Lote“[24] Doireann Ni Ghriofa, „A Ghost in the Throat“ (autobiograafia)[24] N/A
  1. Buchani varasema „The Marquis of Montrose“ (1913) teaduslik ülevaatus
  2. Sisaldab uuringuid antikvaaride (antiikesemete uurijad) kohta, teiste hulgas Elias Ashmole, William Dugdale, Thomas Hearne, George Hickes, Thomas Madox, John Nalson, Edward Thwaites ja Humfrey Wanley

„Best of the James Tait Black“ (2012)[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

2012. aastal anti lisaks tavapärasele iga-aastasele auhinnale välja ka „Best of the James Tait Black“ [umbes: ‘James Tait Blacki parim’], mis oli osa ülikoolis inglise kirjanduse õpetamise algusest möödunud 250 aasta tähistamisest. Parima tiitli eest võistles 6 eelnevate aastate laureaatide seast väljavalitute nimekirja kantud teost.[25][26] 6. detsembril 2012 kuulutati võitjaks Angela Carteri teos „Nights at the Circus“.[27]

Väljavalitute nimekiri[25][26]

Viited[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

  1. Brian W. Shaffer (2008). A Companion to the British and Irish Novel 1945 – 2000 (inglise). John Wiley & Sons. Lk 164. ISBN 978-1-4051-5616-5. Vaadatud 26.07.2018.
  2. "In memory of Janet Coats – 90th Anniversary of Scotland's oldest Literary Prize". wordpress.com (inglise). 19. august 2009. Vaadatud 26.07.2018.
  3. 3,0 3,1 3,2 3,3 Iona McLaren (24. august 2013). "Winners announced of the James Tait Black Memorial Prize 2013". The Telegraph (inglise). Vaadatud 26.07.2018.
  4. 4,0 4,1 John Ezard (8. juuni 2006). "A prize, at last, for McEwan novel". The Guardian. Vaadatud 26. august 2013.
  5. 5,0 5,1 "New winners for oldest book prize". BBC News. 22. august 2008. Vaadatud 26. august 2013.
  6. 6,0 6,1 Alison Flood (21. august 2009). "Michael Holroyd wins James Tait Black prize 42 years after his wife". The Guardian.
  7. 7,0 7,1 "AS Byatt and John Carey win James Tait Black Memorial Prizes". The Telegraph. 20. august 2010. Vaadatud 26. august 2013.
  8. 8,0 8,1 "Dazzling tale of Ms Saigon takes top award". The Scotsman. 20. august 2011.
  9. 9,0 9,1 Jen Bowden (25. august 2012). "Fiona MacCarthy and Padgett Powell win James Tait Black prizes". The Guardian. Vaadatud 26. august 2013.
  10. 10,0 10,1 "Authors join book prize's hall of fame". University of Edinburgh. 4. aprill 2016. Vaadatud 23. august 2014.
  11. "2014 drama awards". University of Edinburgh. Originaali arhiivikoopia seisuga 26. august 2014. Vaadatud 23. august 2014.
  12. 12,0 12,1 Alison Flood (17. august 2015). "James Tait Black prize goes to Zia Haider Rahman's debut novel". The Guardian.
  13. "Play by bestselling author wins drama prize". University of Edinburgh. 28. märts 2016. Vaadatud 9. september 2015.
  14. 14,0 14,1 "James Tait Black Prize winners announced". BBC. 15. august 2016. Vaadatud 20. august 2016.
  15. Drama prize, University of Edinburgh
  16. 16,0 16,1 "Eimear McBride wins James Tait Black prize for The Lesser Bohemians". Guardian. 15. august 2017. Vaadatud 15. august 2017.
  17. Drama prize, University of Edinburgh
  18. 18,0 18,1 "Literary duo join oldest book prizes' hall of fame". The University of Edinburgh (inglise). Vaadatud 21. august 2020.
  19. Lions and Tigers wins the James Tait Black Prize for Drama 2018, theedinburghreporter.co.uk, 20. august 2018.
  20. 20,0 20,1 "Tales of love and war win centenary book awards". The University of Edinburgh (inglise). Vaadatud 21. august 2020.
  21. "Dance troupe drama wins leading literary award". The University of Edinburgh (inglise). 19. august 2019. Vaadatud 21. august 2020.
  22. 22,0 22,1 Cain, Sian (21. august 2020). "Lucy Ellmann lands James Tait Black prize, 38 years after her father's win". The Guardian. Vaadatud 21. august 2020.
  23. "Vibrant carnival production wins drama prize". The University of Edinburgh. 1. oktoober 2020. Vaadatud 17. märts 2021.
  24. 24,0 24,1 "Electrifying tales claim UK's oldest book awards". The University of Edinburgh (inglise). Vaadatud 29. august 2021.
  25. 25,0 25,1 Russell Leadbetter (21. oktoober 2012). "Book prize names six of the best in search for winner". Herald Scotland (inglise). Vaadatud 21. oktoober 2012.
  26. 26,0 26,1 "Authors in running for 'best of best' James Tait Black award". BBC News (inglise). 21. oktoober 2012. Vaadatud 21. oktoober 2012.
  27. 27,0 27,1 Alison Flood (6. detsember 2012). "Angela Carter named best ever winner of James Tait Black award". The Guardian. Vaadatud 6. detsember 2012.

Välislingid[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]