Hipgnosis

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Hipgnosis oli Ühendkuningriigis Londonis tegutsenud graafikadisainerite rühmitus, mis keskendus heliplaatide ümbriste ja pakendite kujundamisele. 1960. aastate lõpust 1980. aastate alguseni tegutsenud Hipgnosis sai kuulsaks tänu oma fotokesksetele, sageli sürreaalsetele ja psühhedeelsetele ning sageli kiiksuga huumoriga vürtsitatud kujundustele ning meisterlikule fototöötlusele.

Hipgnosist peetakse plaadikujundusvaldkonna kõige mõjukamaks ja olulisemaks uuendajaks.

Aastetel 1968–1983 kujundas Hipgnosis ligi 400 plaadiümbrist ansamblitele ja artistidele, nagu näiteks Pink Floyd, Led Zeppelin, Peter Gabriel, Syd Barrett, Wishbone Ash, Electric Light Orchestra, 10cc, Bad Company ja Black Sabbath.

Hipgnosise teke[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Storm Thorgerson
Aubrey Powell

Hipgnosise moodustasid 1967. aastal Storm Elvin Thorgerson (28. veebruar 1944 – 18. aprill 2013) ning Aubrey Powell (23. september 1946). Hiljem liitus Hipgnosega Peter Martin Christopherson (27. veebruar 1955 – 25. november 2010).

Hipgnosis sai alguse, kui korterit jaganud Thorgerson ja Powell hakkasid ühiselt kujundama raamatukaasi Thorgersonsi kirjastajast sõbrale. Nime võtsid nad oma elukoha trepikoja seinale joonistatud grafitilt, mille autoriks on pakutud Syd Barretit. Liitsõna esimene silp tähendab trendikust või moodsust, gnosis tähendab aga kreeka keeles teadmist.

Hipgnosise rahvusvaheline läbilöök saabus 1973. aastal Pink Floydi albumi "The Dark Side of the Moon" ja Led Zeppelini albumi "Houses of The Holy" kujundustega.

Stiil[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Hipgnosise albumikujundused põhinesid fotograafial. Nende lähenemine ning foto kasutamisviis olid aga väljakujunenud traditsioonist kardinaalselt teistsugune. Kui seni oli kaanefoto eesmärk anda infot artisti kohta, siis Hipgnosis kujundas albumi kui eraldiseisva kunstiteose.

Hipgnosise tuntuimaks kaubamärgiks sai efektsete pimikutrikkide ja julge fototöötluse kasutamine. Tänapäeval ei ole selles midagi märkimisväärset, kuid toona ei olnud kujundajate kasutuses arvuteid, fototöötlusprogrammidest rääkimata.

Hipgnosise töödele oli iseloomulik ka fotode jaoks kallite, töömahukate ja suurejooneliste lavastuste kasutamine. Sageli palgati poseerima näitlejad, pildistamine toimus kauges või eksootilises paigas ning rajati kalleid dekoratsioone.

Hipgnosise kujundusi iseloomustavateks märksõnad on "sürreaalsus", "absurd" ja "grotesk". Kunstnikud, kelle töödega Hipgnosise loomingut võiks võrrelda, on René Magritte ja Salvador Dalí.

Hipgnosise kujundustele on iseloomulik ka omapärase, nii-öelda kiiksuga huumori ja visualiseeritud sõnamängude kasutamine.

Lisaks albumitele on Hipgnosis kujundanud ka raamatuid ning teinud reklaamklippe.

Viimased Hipgnosise kui rühmitise kujundatud albumid nägid ilmavalgust 1984. aastal.

Hipgnosise kujundatud albumid[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

1968 Pink Floyd A Saucerful of Secrets
1968 Alexis Korner A New Generation of Blues
1968 The Gods Genesis
1968 Pepe Jaramillo Till There Was You
1968 The Aynsley Dunbar Retaliation The Aynsley Dunbar Retaliation
1969 Pink Floyd More
1969 The Gods To Samuel a Son
1969 Pink Floyd Ummagumma
1969 Panama Limited Jug Band Panama Limited Jug Band
1969 Humble Pie Town and Country
1969 Various artists You Can All Join In
1970 The Greatest Show on Earth Horizons
1970 Pink Floyd Atom Heart Mother
1970 Quatermass Quatermass
1970 The Pretty Things Parachute
1970 The Greatest Show on Earth The Going's Easy
1970 Syd Barrett The Madcap Laughs
1970 The Nice Five Bridges
1970 Toe Fat Toe Fat
1970 Cochise Cochise
1970 Harvest Records artists Picnic – A Breath of Fresh Air
1970 Panama Limited Indian Summer
1970 Sounds Nice Love at First Sight
1970 Gravy Train Gravy Train
1970 Syd Barrett Barrett
1970 The Aynsley Dunbar Retaliation Remains to Be Heard
1970 Argent Ring of Hands
1970 Jackson Heights King Progress
1970 Twink Think Pink
1971 T. Rex Electric Warrior
1971 Toe Fat Toe Fat 2
1971 Trees On the Shore
1971 Marvin, Welch & Farrar Marvin, Welch & Farrar
1971 The Nice Elegy
1971 Pink Floyd Meddle
1971 Electric Light Orchestra The Electric Light Orchestra
1971 Audience House on the Hill
1971 Edgar Broughton Band Edgar Broughton Band
1971 Wishbone Ash Pilgrimage
1971 Climax Blues Band Tightly Knit
1971 Tear Gas Tear Gas
1971 Stackridge Stackridge
1971 Daddy Longlegs Oakdown Farm
1971 The Masters Apprentices Master's Apprentices
1971 John Williams Changes
1971 Pink Floyd Piper at the Gates of Dawn (Italian reissue)
1971 Rory Gallagher Rory Gallagher
1972 Flash Flash
1972 Wishbone Ash Argus
1972 The Nice Autumn '67 – Spring '68
1972 Fumble Fumble
1972 The Hollies Distant Light
1972 Renaissance Prologue
1972 Edgar Broughton Band Inside Out
1972 Audience Lunch
1972 The Pretty Things Freeway Madness
1972 Pink Floyd Obscured by Clouds
1972 Blue Mink A Time of Change
1972 Roger Cook Meanwhile...Back at the World
1972 Glencoe Glencoe
1972 Danta Danta
1972 The Hollies Romany
1972 Olivia Newton-John Olivia
1972 Labi Siffre Crying Laughing Loving Lying
1973 Electric Light Orchestra ELO 2
1973 Pink Floyd Dark Side of the Moon
1973 Roger Cook Minstrel in Flight
1973 Electric Light Orchestra On the Third Day
1973 Edgar Broughton Band Oora
1973 Al Stewart Past, Present and Future
1973 Argent In Deep
1973 Led Zeppelin Houses of the Holy
1973 Audience You Can't Beat 'em
1973 Roy Harper Lifemask
1973 Renaissance Ashes Are Burning
1973 Wishbone Ash Wishbone Four
1973 Wishbone Ash Live Dates
1973 Flash Out of Our Hands
1973 Various artists Music from Free Creek
1973 Humble Pie Thunderbox
1973 Emerson, Lake & Palmer Trilogy
1973 Vinegar Joe Rock 'n Roll Gypsies
1973 Babe Ruth Amar Caballero
1973 Pink Floyd A Nice Pair
1973 Public Foot The Roman Public Foot The Roman
1973 The Shadows Rockin' with Curly Leads
1974 Sharks Jab It in Yore Eye
1974 Uno Uno
1974 Genesis The Lamb Lies Down On Broadway
1974 Wishbone Ash There's the Rub
1974 Nazareth Rampant
1974 Renaissance Turn of the Cards
1974 Roy Harper Valentine
1974 Peter Frampton Somethin's Happening
1974 Roy Harper Flashes from the Archives of Oblivion
1974 Bad Company Bad Company
1974 Blue Mink Fruity
1974 Fumble Poetry in Lotion
1974 Syd Barrett Syd Barrett
1974 10cc Sheet Music
1974 The Pretty Things Silk Torpedo
1974 UFO Phenomenon
1974 Cyril Havermans Mind Wave
1974 The Hollies Hollies
1974 Sweet Desolation Boulevard
1975 UFO Force It
1975 The Pretty Things Savage Eye
1975 Pink Floyd Wish You Were Here
1975 Bad Company Straight Shooter
1975 Renaissance Scheherazade and Other Stories
1975 Roy Harper HQ
1975 Edgar Broughton Band A Bunch of 45s
1975 The Greatest Show on Earth The Greatest Show on Earth
1975 10cc The Original Soundtrack
1975 The Pretty Things S.F. Sorrow / Parachute, double reissue (UK version only)
1975 Al Stewart Modern Times
1975 Wings Venus and Mars
1975 Alberto y Lost Trios Paranoias Alberto y Lost Trios Paranoias
1975 Caravan Cunning Stunts
1975 Sassafras Wheelin 'n' Dealin
1975 Bob Sargeant First Starring Role
1975 Strife Rush
1975 The Winkies The Winkies
1975 Solution Cordon Bleu
1975 Dave Edmunds Subtle as a Flying Mallet
1975 The Shadows Specs Appeal
1976 AC/DC Dirty Deeds Done Dirt Cheap (International edition)
1976 Golden Earring To the Hilt
1976 Montrose Jump on It
1976 Kevin Coyne Heartburn
1976 Wings Wings at the Speed of Sound
1976 Al Stewart Year of the Cat
1976 The Alan Parsons Project Tales of Mystery and Imagination
1976 Black Sabbath Technical Ecstasy
1976 Genesis A Trick of the Tail
1976 10cc How Dare You!
1976 Led Zeppelin The Song Remains the Same
1976 Led Zeppelin Presence
1976 Brand X Unorthodox Behaviour
1976 Wings Wings over America
1976 Jon Anderson Olias of Sunhillow
1976 Nazareth Close Enough for Rock 'n' Roll
1976 UFO No Heavy Petting
1976 Wishbone Ash New England
1976 Genesis Wind & Wuthering
1976 John Miles Stranger in the City
1976 The Hollies Russian Roulette
1977 Wishbone Ash Front Page News
1977 Justin Hayward Songwriter
1977 UFO Lights Out
1977 The Alan Parsons Project I Robot
1977 10cc Deceptive Bends
1977 Roy Harper Bullinamingvase
1977 Brand X Moroccan Roll
1977 Brand X Livestock
1977 Sammy Hagar Sammy Hagar
1977 Al Stewart The Early Years
1977 Sammy Hagar Musical Chairs
1977 Bad Company Burnin' Sky
1977 Pink Floyd Animals
1977 Electric Light Orchestra The Light Shines On
1977 Peter Gabriel Peter Gabriel (I) (aka "Car")
1977 Yes Going for the One
1977 Fabulous Poodles Mirror Stars
1977 Steve Harley & Cockney Rebel Face to Face: A Live Recording
1977 Hawkwind Quark, Strangeness and Charm
1977 Space Deliverance
1977 Status Quo Live!
1977 Strawbs Deadlines
1977 The Moody Blues Caught Live + 5
1977 Paul McCartney (as "Percy 'Thrills' Thrillington") Thrillington
1977 Wishbone Ash Classic Ash
1978 Pezband Laughing in the Dark
1978 Be-Bop Deluxe Drastic Plastic
1978 Richard Wright Wet Dream
1978 David Gilmour David Gilmour
1978 Styx Pieces of Eight
1978 Wings Wings Greatest
1978 Todd Rundgren Back to the Bars
1978 XTC Go 2
1978 Robin Trower Caravan to Midnight
1978 Yes Tormato
1978 Genesis …And Then There Were Three…
1978 Wishbone Ash No Smoke Without Fire
1978 Peter Gabriel Peter Gabriel (II) (aka "Scratch")
1978 Al Stewart Time Passages
1978 The Alan Parsons Project Pyramid
1978 Black Sabbath Never Say Die!
1978 Renaissance A Song for All Seasons
1978 Synergy Cords
1978 UFO Obsession
1978 10cc Bloody Tourists
1978 The Motors Approved by the Motors (version 2)[11]
1978 John Miles Zaragon
1978 Hot Chocolate Every 1's a Winner
1978 The Walker Brothers Nite Flights
1978 Wings London Town
1978 Gerry Rafferty Gerry Rafferty
1979 UFO Strangers in the Night
1979 Scorpions Lovedrive
1979 The Alan Parsons Project Eve
1979 Bad Company Desolation Angels
1979 The Dukes The Dukes
1979 Edgar Broughton Band Parlez-Vous English (as The Broughtons)
1979 10cc Greatest Hits 1972–1978
1979 Led Zeppelin In Through the Out Door
1979 Brand X Product
1979 Gary Brooker No More Fear of Flying
1979 Steve Hillage Live Herald
1979 Godley & Creme Freeze Frame
1979 UK Danger Money
1979 Mick Taylor Mick Taylor
1979 Ashra Correlations
1979 Ralph McTell Slide Away the Screen
1979 Throbbing Gristle 20 Jazz Funk Greats
1979 Judie Tzuke Welcome to the Cruise
1980 The Michael Schenker Group The Michael Schenker Group
1980 The Pretty Things Cross Talk
1980 Brand X Do They Hurt?
1980 Mike Rutherford Smallcreep's Day
1980 10cc Look Hear?
1980 Peter Gabriel Peter Gabriel (III) (aka "Melt")
1980 Scorpions Animal Magnetism
1980 UFO No Place to Run
1980 John Wetton Caught in the Crossfire
1980 Wishbone Ash Just Testing
1980 Leo Sayer Living in a Fantasy
1980 The Police De Do Do Do, De Da Da Da
1980 Wishbone Ash Live Dates 2
1981 UFO The Wild, the Willing and the Innocent
1981 Pink Floyd A Collection of Great Dance Songs
1981 Rainbow Difficult to Cure
1981 Nick Mason Fictitious Sports
1981 Roger Taylor Fun in Space
1981 Def Leppard High 'n' Dry
1981 Yumi Matsutoya Sakuban Oaisimashō
1981 Herman Rarebell Nip in the Bud
1981 Cozy Powell Tilt
1981 Rick Wakeman 1984
1982 John McLaughlin Music Spoken Here
1982 Paul McCartney Tug of War
1982 Rainbow Straight Between the Eyes
1982 The Alan Parsons Project Eye in the Sky
1982 Bad Company Rough Diamonds
1982 Led Zeppelin Coda
1983 Rainbow Bent Out of Shape