Ameenah Gurib

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Bibi Ameenah Firdaus Gurib-Fakim (sündinud 17. oktoobril 1959) on Mauritiuse keemik ja poliitik, kes oli aastatel 20152018 Mauritiuse president.

Lapsepõlv ja haridus[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Ameenah Gurib sündis 17. oktoobril 1959 Mauritiusel Surinami külas. Ta kasvas üles Plaine Magnienis ning õppis Saint-Patrice'i algkoolis. Hiljem kolis ta Mahébourg Loreto Conventi ja lõpetas seal keskkooli. Seejärel suundus Gurib Inglismaale Surrey ülikooli keemiat õppima. 1987. aastaks oli ta kaitsnud Exeteri ülikoolis orgaanilise keemia erialal doktorikraadi ning naasis Mauritiusele, et Mauritiuse ülikoolis töötama hakata. [1]

Karjäär[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Akadeemilised artiklid[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

  • Aumeeruddy-Elalfi, Z.; Gurib-Fakim, A.; Mahomoodally, F. "Antimicrobial, antibiotic potentiating activity and phytochemical profile of essential oils from exotic and endemic medicinal plants of Mauritius". Industrial Crops and Products 71: 197–204. doi:10.1016/j.indcrop.2015.03.058. 
  • Seebaluck, R.; Gurib-Fakim, A.; Mahomoodally, F. "Medicinal plants from the genus Acalypha (Euphorbiaceae)–A review of their ethnopharmacology and phytochemistry". Journal of Ethnopharmacology 159: 137–157. PMID 25446604. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2014.10.040. 
  • Rangasamy, O.; Mahomoodally, F. M.; Gurib-Fakim, A.; Quetin-Leclercq, J. "Two anti-staphylococcal triterpenoid acids isolated from Psiloxylon mauritianum (Bouton ex Hook.f.) Baillon, an endemic traditional medicinal plant of Mauritius". South African Journal of Botany 93: 198–203. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2014.03.017. 
  • ElSawy, N. A.; Hadda, T. B.; Bakr, E. H.; Header, E.A.M.; Fakim, A. G.; Mabkhot, Y. N.; Aljofan, M. "Effects of Crude Aqueous Extract of Origanum vulgaris in Developing Ovary of Rabbits Following in Utero, Adolescent and Postpubertal Exposure.". Vedic Research International Phytomedicine 2: 73. doi:10.14259/pm.v2i3.142. 
  • Gurib-Fakim, A.; Mahomoodally, M. F. "African Flora as Potential Sources of Medicinal Plants : Towards the Chemotherapy of Major Parasitic and Other Infectious Diseases : A Review". Jordan Journal of Biological Sciences 6: 77–84. doi:10.12816/0000263. 
  • Mahomoodally, F. M.; Subratty, A. H.; Gurib-Fakim, A.; Choudhary, M. I. "Antioxidant, antiglycation and cytotoxicity evaluation of selected medicinal plants of the Mascarene Islands". BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 12. doi:10.1186/1472-6882-12-165. 
  • Mahomoodally, F.; Mesaik, A.; Choudhary, M. I.; Subratty, A. H.; Gurib-Fakim, A. "In vitro modulation of oxidative burst via release of reactive oxygen species from immune cells by extracts of selected tropical medicinal herbs and food plants". Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine 5: 440–447. doi:10.1016/S1995-7645(12)60075-3. 
  • Mahomoodally, M. F.; Subratty, A. H.; Gurib-Fakim, A.; Choudhary, M. I.; Khan, S. N. "Traditional Medicinal Herbs and Food Plants Have the Potential to Inhibit Key Carbohydrate Hydrolyzing Enzymes In Vitro and Reduce Postprandial Blood Glucose Peaks In Vivo". The Scientific World Journal 2012: 1–9. doi:10.1100/2012/285284. 
  • MAHOMOODALLY, M.; GURIB FAKIM, A.; SUBRATTY, A. H. "INHIBITORY EFFECTS OF A TRADITIONAL ANTIDIABETIC MEDICINAL FRUIT EXTRACT ON THE TRANSPORT OF INORGANIC PHOSPHATE AND D‐GLUCOSE ACROSS RAT EVERTED INTESTINAL SACS‐ POSSIBLE RELATIONSHIP WITH A "CRABTREE EFFECT"". Journal of Food Biochemistry 36: 107–115. doi:10.1111/j.1745-4514.2010.00504.x. 
  • Leyssen, P.; Litaudon, M.; Guillemot, J.; Rasoanaivo, P.; Smadja, J.; Gurib-Fakim, A.; Canard, B.; Guéritte, F. "PHYTOCHIK: Biodiversity As A Source of Selective Inhibitors of CHIKV Replication". Antiviral Research 90: A36–A37. doi:10.1016/j.antiviral.2011.03.048. 
  • Mahomoodally, M. F.; Gurib-Fakim, A.; Subratty, A. H. "Screening for Alternative Antibiotics: An Investigation into the Antimicrobial Activities of Medicinal Food Plants of Mauritius". Journal of Food Science 75: M173–M177. doi:10.1111/j.1750-3841.2010.01555.x. 
  • Mahomoodally, M. F.; Gurib-Fakim, A.; Subratty, A. H. "Antimicrobial Activities and Phytochemical Profiles of Endemic Medicinal Plants of Mauritius". 
  • Gurib-Fakim, A.; Gueho, J.; Sewraj-Bissoondoyal, M. "The Medicinal Plants of Mauritius – Part 1". Pharmaceutical Biology 35: 237–254. doi:10.1076/phbi.35.4.237.13313. 
  • Jelager, L.; Gurib-Fakim, A.; Adsersen, A. "Antibacterial and Antifungal Activity of Medicinal Plants of Mauritius". Pharmaceutical Biology 36: 153–161. doi:10.1076/phbi.36.3.153.6345. 
  • Dutta, A.; Sarkar, D.; Gurib-Fakim, A.; Mandal, C.; Chatterjee, M. "In vitro and in vivo activity of Aloe vera leaf exudate in experimental visceral leishmaniasis". Parasitology Research 102: 1235–1242. doi:10.1007/s00436-008-0899-2. 
  • Mahomoodally, M. F.; Gurib-Fakim, A.; Subratty, A. H. "Effect of exogenous ATP on Momordica charantia Linn. (Cucurbitaceae) induced inhibition of D-glucose, L-tyrosine and fluid transport across rat everted intestinal sacs in vitro". Journal of Ethnopharmacology 110: 257–263. PMID 17092672. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2006.09.020. 
  • Rangasamy, O.; Raoelison, G.; Rakotoniriana, F. E.; Cheuk, K.; Urverg-Ratsimamanga, S.; Quetin-Leclercq, J.; Gurib-Fakim, A.; Subratty, A. H. "Screening for anti-infective properties of several medicinal plants of the Mauritians flora.". Journal of Ethnopharmacology 109: 331–337. PMID 17011733. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2006.08.002. 
  • Marie, D.; Gurib-Fakim, A.; Gray, A.; Waterman, P. "Constituents of Psiadia terebinthina AJ Scott, an endemic Asteraceae from Mauritius". Natural Product Research 20: 1169–1175. doi:10.1080/14786410600898847. 
  • Gurib-Fakim, A. "Medicinal plants: traditions of yesterday and drugs of tomorrow.". Molecular Aspects of Medicine 27: 1–93. doi:10.1016/j.mam.2005.07.008. 
  • Kotowaroo, M. I.; Mahomoodally, M. F.; Gurib-Fakim, A.; Subratty, A. H. "Screening of traditional antidiabetic medicinal plants of Mauritius for possible alpha-amylase inhibitory effects in vitro". Phytotherapy Research 20: 228–231. doi:10.1002/ptr.1839. 
  • Mahomoodally, M. F; Gurib Fakim, A.; Subratty, A. H. "Stimulatory effects of Antidesma madagascariense on D-glucose, L-tyrosine, fluid and electrolyte transport across rat everted intestine, comparable to insulin action in vitro.". British journal of biomedical science. 
  • Subratty, A. H.; Gurib-Fakim, A.; Mahomoodally, F. "Bitter melon: an exotic vegetable with medicinal values". Nutrition & Food Science 35: 143–147. doi:10.1108/00346650510594886. 
  • Mahomoodally, M. F.; Gurib-Fakim, A.; Subratty., A. H. "Experimental evidence for in vitro fluid transport in the presence of a traditional medicinal fruit extract across rat everted intestinal sacs". Fundamental and Clinical Pharmacology 19: 87–92. doi:10.1111/j.1472-8206.2004.00311.x. 
  • Gurib-Fakim, A.; Subratty, H.; Narod, F.; Govinden-Soulange, J.; Mahomoodally, F. "Biological activity from indigenous medicinal plants of Mauritius". Pure and Applied Chemistry 77. doi:10.1351/pac200577010041. 
  • Govinden-Soulange, J.; Magan, N.; Gurib-Fakim, A.; Gauvin, A.; Smadja, J.; Kodja, H. "Chemical composition and in vitro antimicrobial activities of the essential oils from endemic Psiadia species growing in Mauritius". Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 27: 1814–1818. doi:10.1248/bpb.27.1814. 
  • Mahomoodally, M. F.; Gurib-Fakim, A.; Subratty, A. H. "Momordica charantia extracts inhibit uptake of monosaccharide and amino acid across rat everted gut sacs in-vitro.". Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 27: 216–218. doi:10.1248/bpb.27.216. 
  • Besse, P.; DaSilva, D.; Humeau, L.; Govinden-Soulange, J.; Gurib-Fakim, A.; Kodja, H. "A genetic diversity study of endangered Psiadia species endemic from Mauritius Island using PCR markers". Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 31: 1427–1445. doi:10.1016/S0305-1978(03)00131-5. 
  • Pedersen, O.; Gurib-Fakim, A.; H., Subratty; Adsersen, A.; Figier, J. "Pharmacological Properties of Seven Medicinal Plants of the Rubiaceae from Mauritius". Pharmaceutical Biology 37: 202–207. doi:10.1076/phbi.37.3.202.6300. 
  • Kodja, H.; Robene-Soustrade, I.; L., Humeau; Dulloo, E.; Figier, J.; Govinden-Soulange, J.; Gurib-Fakim, A. "Micropropagation of Psiadia arguta through cotyledonary axillary bud culture". Plant Growth Regulation 25: 75–80. doi:10.1023/A:1005913116300. 
  • Gurib-Fakim, A. "Volatile Constituents of the Leaf Oil of Artemisia verlotiorum Lamotte and Ambrosia tenuifolia Sprengel (Syn.: Artemisia psilostachya auct. non L.)". Journal of Essential Oil Research 8: 559–561. doi:10.1080/10412905.1996.9700689. 
  • Gurib-Fakim, A.; Sewraj, M.; J., Gueho; Dulloo, E. "Medicinal Plants of Rodrigues". Pharmaceutical Biology 34: 2–14. doi:10.1076/phbi.34.1.2.13177. 
  • Gurib-Fakim, A.; Bourrel, C.; H., Kodja; Govinden, J. "Chemical Composition of the Essential Oils of Psiadia lithospermifolia (Lam.) Cordem. and P. viscosa (Lam.) A. J. Scott of the Asteraceae Family". Journal of Essential Oil Research 7: 533–535. doi:10.1080/10412905.1995.9698579. 
  • Gurib-Fakim, A.; Sewraj, M.; F., Narod; Menut, C. "Aromatic Plants of Mauritius: Volatile Constituents of the Essential Oils of Coleus aromaticus Benth., Triphasia trifolia (Burm.f.) and Eucalyptus kirtoniana F. Muell". Journal of Essential Oil Research 7: 215–218. doi:10.1080/10412905.1995.9698504. 
  • Gurib-Fakim, A.; Demarne, F. "Constituents of the Essential Oil of the Leaves of Pittosporum balfourii Growing in Rodrigues.". Planta Medica 60: 584–585. PMID 17236088. doi:10.1055/s-2006-959581. 
  • Gurib-Fakim, A.; Demarne, F. "Aromatic Plants of Mauritius: Volatile Constituents of the Leaf Oils of Citrus aurantium L., Citrus paradisi Macfad and Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck". Journal of Essential Oil Research 7: 105–109. doi:10.1080/10412905.1995.9698477. 
  • Gurib-Fakim, A.; Demarne, F. "Volatile Constituents of Dracaena reflexa Lam. var. angustifolia Baker". Planta Medica 6: 651–652. doi:10.1080/10412905.1994.9699363. 
  • Gurib-Fakim. "Constituents of the Essential Oils from Piper sylvestre Growing in Mauritius.". Planta Medica 60: 376–377. PMID 17236059. doi:10.1055/s-2006-959506. 
  • Gurib-Fakim, A.; Demarne, F. "Essential Oil of Terminalia bentzoë (L.) L. f. subsp. rodriguesensis Wickens". Journal of Essential Oil Research 6: 533–534. doi:10.1080/10412905.1994.9698443. 
  • Gurib-Fakim, A.; Sewraj, M.; Gueho, J.; Dulloo, E. "Studies on the Antisickling Properties of Extracts of Sideroxylon puberulum, Faujasiopsis flexuosa, Cardiospermum halicacabum , and Pelargonium graveolens". Journal of Ethnopharmacology 39: 175–185. doi:10.1016/0378-8741(93)90034-3. 
  • Gurib-Fakim, A.; Sewraj, M. "Studies on the Antisickling Properties of Extracts of Sideroxylon puberulum, Faujasiopsis flexuosa, Cardiospermum halicacabum , and Pelargonium graveolens". Planta Medica 58: 648–649. doi:10.1055/s-2006-961657. 

Viited[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]


Eelnev:
Monique Ohsan Bellepeau (kt)
Mauritiuse president
20152018
Järgnev:
Barlen Vyapoory (kt)