Vikipeedia:Tere tulemast Vikipeediasse
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Siin tõlgitakse ja kohandatakse trükist "Welcome to Wikipedia". Praegu on see väga inglise viki keskne, peaks lisama eesti vikit puudutavat infot, aga teksti maht peaks kokkuvõttes samaks jääma.
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[Background image that will echo throughout the piece]
Imagine a world in which every single person on the planet is given free access to the sum of all human knowledge. -Jimmy Wales
Welcome to Wikipedia[muuda]
Wikipedia is the largest encyclopedia in the world. It is created and maintained by more than 100 thousand contributors from around the world. Every month, Wikipedia receives over 388 million unique visitors. Wikipedia features more than 16 million articles in over 260 languages. It is free to use, free to edit, and free of advertisements. (Data from July 2010)
After reading Welcome to Wikipedia, you will be able to:
How does Wikipedia work?[muuda]
Everything on Wikipedia has been written by people like you. In fact, Wikipedia would not be the world's largest online encyclopedia without people continuously contributing information, images, and data. Wikipedia grows by nearly 1200 articles per day and over 4 million contributions per month. (Data from July 2010)
Many contributors(Wikipedians)share an aspiration to provide free knowledge to everyone. That is the reason why people all over the world volunteer their time to protect and improve the quality of Wikipedia articles. By allowing everyone to access, download, and reuse content, Wikipedia provides many options for sharing knowledge.
Wikipedians create so many new articles and edit existing articles so often that it would be almost impossible to have a team large enough to review and validate every single change made to the encyclopedia. Instead, Wikipedia relies on input from contributors around the world to create the world's largest repository of encyclopedic content.
Most people who participate in making Wikipedia better find that it is both an entertaining and rewarding exercise. While the social aspect of working toward a goal is fun, most active users are driven by their passion to distribute free knowledge to the world.
Answers to this question and others quizzes can be found on the back of this reference guide.
Create a Wikipedia account[muuda]
Creating a user account is a good first step when you begin contributing to Wikipedia. An account allows you to create new articles (pages), upload images, and rename pages. You also get access to special features, such as My watchlist. A watchlist lets you follow the articles that you are editing as well and bookmark other interesting pages. To add an article to your watchlist, click the star icon at the top of the article.
More importantly, since all your edits are assigned to your account username, you have an identity on Wikipedia. This helps you interact with others that edit the same articles, and helps you become a trusted member of the community. As you get accustomed to Wikipedia, you will find that you have more to say in discussions and you might help others solve problems.
You can edit Wikipedia without having an account. However, without an account, your edits are assigned to your computer's Internet protocol (IP) address. The Wikipedia community tends to distrust edits from an IP address, especially if it is traced to a school or company network where unregistered users may make edits based on their biased interests. Editing articles where it might be hard to remain impartial is considered a conflict of interest on Wikipedia. For example, if a student edits an article about her school, she may have a biased perspective on the school's national importance.
It is easy to create a Wikipedia account and you are not required to provide any personal information: 1. Click Log in/create account, located at the top right side of the page. 2. Choose your Username 3. Select your Password. 4. Click Create account
Wikipedia user interface[muuda]
How can I contribute?[muuda]
Did you know that there are many different roles you can play on Wikipedia? Writing is just one of the many options. Here are some of the roles and what they do:
User page and My talk page[muuda]
There are thousands of contributors who edit Wikipedia each day. Some edits are not verifiable or are made with a biased perspective. That is why some Wikipedians monitor almost all edits using Recent changes (under Interaction in the left menu bar). This feature provides an overview of all edits made in a particular language version of Wikipedia. Because some Wikipedians monitor huge numbers of edits they may sometimes delete an edit that is accurate but not well-written. To prevent that from happening to you, it is important that you write factual information and reference reliable sources. Another way is to follow Wikipedia's preferred writing style. Search: "Wikipedia:Manual of Style"
To provide authenticity to your edits, maintain your User page. It is a good way to build trust. Every account has a User page and a My talk page. You can find the links for the User page and the My talk page at the top right of your screen. Your User page is accessed by clicking on your username which appears next to the bust icon. Click Edit to write about yourself. Then click Save page at the bottom of the screen when you are finished writing.
On your User page you can write about yourself, your special knowledge, and your interest in particular articles. This is also a place where you can mention your affiliations or if you have a potential conflict of interest. For example, it might be hard for you to remain neutral if you edit an article about the organization where you work. However, you can use your in-depth knowledge of your organization to list verifiable sources of information. That way, when you read information about your organization that is inaccurate or outdated, you could leave a message on the article's Discussion page citing the discrepancy and leading article authors to your User page. The authors can then evaluate your sources and use them to update the article on Wikipedia.
My talk and Discussion is a place where other contributors can leave messages for you and you can respond. Many contributors leave welcome greetings to new users. Others might use the space to start a conversation to get to know you or better understand your edits.
Every article also has a Discussion page. This page is used by Wikipedians to plan how they will collaborate on the content and resolve conflicts. If someone wonders why you have made an edit, or would like to recommend another article to you, they will use the article's Discussion page. The article Discussion page is also a good place to ask for help with the article.
Note: Discussion and My talk are also called "talk pages" by the community.
Life of an article[muuda]
Although the articles in Wikipedia should be detailed and well written, no one is expected to write a comprehensive article in just one draft. Articles typically start small and then mature through extensive collaboration, often following a pattern like this:
What makes a quality article?[muuda]
A quality Wikipedia article is the result of a well defined structure, encyclopedic content, and an active community:
Structure: Providing a clear article structure helps readers easily find information and helps editors keep all aspects of a topic well organized. One way to learn about structure is to study featured articles, Wikipedia's finest articles. You can access all featured articles by going to the Wikipedia main page. At the bottom of Today's featured article, click More featured articles... then scroll down to Contents and select the subject that interests you.
Most quality articles have the following structure:
Content: Many Wikipedians consider content the most important factor in judging an article's quality. To ensure consistent quality, the Wikipedia community created these four guidelines.
Community: All contributions to Wikipedia are freely licensed to the public. That means that no editor owns any article. All contributions can and will be heavily edited by many different users. In other words, everybody can join in the decision making process. The community also uses Discussion to agree on the content structure for the article. For times when consensus is hard to reach, check out the various options available at Help > The Wikipedia community. Some writers and editors have years of experience with Wikipedia and their experience can be a valuable resource for resolving conflicts.
Create a new article[muuda]
There are many topics that do not have an article on Wikipedia. If you think a topic is missing from Wikipedia, search variations of the topic name. For example, try different spellings. Also check if the subject is mentioned in closely related topics. A island for example, may be mentioned in an article about its country. If the topic is not mentioned in Wikipedia, maybe it is too obscure to write about, such as a garage band or an unknown person with a blog. However, if you feel that the topic should genuinely be included in Wikipedia, consider creating the article yourself.
Search the article title. If the article does not exist, you will see the article title in a red hyperlink. Click the hyperlink to start editing a new article.
Your new article will get a good start, if you remember to provide the following three elements:
Create your own workspace or "sandbox" where you can edit your article until it has all the three critical elements.
Use the sandbox to write your article. Do not forget to click Save page when you are done editing. When you are ready, find another Wikipedia editor who might be interested in the topic. One way to find an editor is to look at the View history tab of an article on a similar topic and see who has contributed to that article. Leave a message on the that editor's Discussion page with a request to review your article. When you are ready, copy the article content from your sandbox, go to the topic name you have chosen, click Edit, paste the content and save the page. Now, that you have created a new article, do not stop here. Link your article to other articles where your topic is mentioned.
Now that you have read Welcome to Wikipedia, you are able to:
For further information, visit Sara's user page at http://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Sara_Wikipedia
Wiki markup quick reference [Back flap][muuda]
Here are shortcuts to some frequently used wiki markups. To start click the Edit button at the top of an article, make your changes, and then click Save page . Your edits are now visible to anyone who visits the page. If you have more information to add or would like to correct a mistake, make another edit. Do not be afraid, you cannot accidentally make permanent deletions. All versions of all articles are saved under View history and contributors can revert to the previous version by simply clicking undo.
Description - What you type - What you get
==<level 1 section heading text>== - [insert image]
* List item - [insert image]
# List item - [insert image]
You can find more formatting tips by clicking Help on the left menu bar.
Try it! Answer Key [Inner side of the back cover][muuda]
Wikipedia user interface
Life of an article
Create a new article
Are you one of the 12 million people who use Wikipedia each day? What has Wikipedia done for you?
Everyday people all over the world use Wikipedia to help with school projects, business plans, personal research, and to plan travel. They use it to spark new ideas, and to brainstorm concepts. They use it explore far lands, ancient cultures, art, leaders, and recent events.
Welcome to Wikipedia is a reference guide for anyone who wants to take the next step and help gather and share the sum of all human knowledge.
Follow Sara as she takes the next step and make her first edits on Wikipedia. In the process, you will learn key concepts, guidelines, information, and tools, to get you to start contributing to Wikipedia.
[Wikimedia office address]
The Wikimedia Foundation is a non-profit charitable organization that runs Wikipedia and other freely licensed websites.
MÄRKUS: [Nurksulgudes] tekst on kommentaarid.
"Kujutle maailma, kus igal inimesel on vaba juurdepääs kõigile inimkonna teadmistele." Jimmy Wales
[Trükise pealkiri:] Tere tulemast Vikipeediasse
Vikipeedia on maailma suurim entsüklopeedia. Seda kirjutab ja hoiab korras üle 100 000 kaastöölise üle maailma. Igal kuul loeb Vikipeediat üle 388 miljonit inimese. Vikipeedias on üle 16 miljoni artikli rohkem kui 270 keeles. Seda saab tasuta kasutada ja vabalt täiendada ning seal ei ole reklaami. (andmed 2010. aasta juuli seisuga)
Pärast selle trükise lugemist:
Kuidas Vikipeedia toimib?[muuda]
Kogu Vikipeedia sisu on kirjutanud inimesed nagu Sina. Ilma järjekindlalt infot lisavate kasutajateta poleks Vikipeedia maailma suurim veebientsüklopeedia. Päevas lisandub ligi 1200 artiklit ja ühes kuus tehakse üle 4 miljoni muudatuse. (andmed 2010. aasta juuli seisuga)
Paljusid kaastöölisi seob ühine püüdlus teadmiste vaba leviku poole. See ongi põhjus, miks inimesed üle maailma teevad vabatahtlikku tööd, et kaitsta ja arendada Vikipeedia artiklite kvaliteeti. Võimaldades igaühel sisu lugeda, kopeerida ja uuesti kasutada, pakub Vikipeedia mitmeid võimalusi teadmiste levikuks.
Vabatahtlikud kaastöölised loovad nii palju uusi artikleid ja teevad muudatusi olemasolevatesse nii tihti, et isegi piisavalt suurel meeskonnal oleks peaaegu võimatu üle vaadata ja kinnitada iga üksikut muudatust. Selle asemel toetub Vikipeedia nendele samadele vabatahtlikele kaastöölistele kogu maailmast, kes üksteise tööd kontrollivad.
Enamik inimesi, kes annavad oma panuse Vikipeedia arengusse, leiavad, et see on äratasuv ja isegi meelelahutuslik tegevus. Samal ajal kui koos teistega ühise eesmärgi suunas tegutsemine toob sotsiaalset rahuldust, köidab paljusid kaastöölisi just vaba informatsiooni levitamise idee.
Kas jäi meelde?
Kes saab muuta Vikipeedias olemasolevaid artikleid? Vali õige vastus.
Selle ja järgmiste küsimuste vastused leiad trükise viimaselt leheküljelt.
Loo Vikipeedia kasutajakonto[muuda]
Kasutajakonto loomine sobib hästi esimeseks sammuks kaastööd tegema asudes. Registreeritud kasutajana saad Sa üles laadida pilte ja teisaldada lehekülgi uue nime alla. Lisaks saad siis kasutada erivõimalusi, nagu näiteks jälgimisloendit. Isiklikku jälgimisloendisse saad lisada artikleid, millega parasjagu töötad, ja teisi huvipakkuvaid lehekülgi. Et lisada artiklit jälgimisloendisse, kliki tähekesel artikli ülaservas.
Mis veelgi tähtsam, kuna kõik Sinu tehtud muudatused on seotud Sinu kasutajanimega, on Sul Vikipeedias identiteet. Nii saad suhelda teiste kasutajatega, kes samu artikleid redigeerivad, ja teenida ära Vikipeedia kogukonna usalduse. Vikipeedias tegutsedes leiad aja jooksul, et Sul on aruteludes järjest rohkem öelda ja et Sa saad aidata teistel kasutajatel probleeme lahendada.
Sa saad redigeerida Vikipeediat ka ilma kasutajaks registreerumata. Siis seotakse Sinu tehtud muudatused Sinu arvuti IP-aadressiga. Vikipeedia kogukonna silmis on anonüümsed redigeerijad vähem usaldusväärsed, kuna ühte IP-aadressi võivad kasutada mitu inimest, samuti on erinevad IPaadressid väga sarnased.
Kasutajaks registreerimine on lihtne ja ei nõua isikuandmete avaldamist: