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Example of how file systems become fragmented. The following is from the article of the same name on Wikipedia:

A blank disk has 5 files, A, B, C, D and E each using 10 blocks of space (for this section, a block is an allocation unit of that system, it could be 1K, 100K or 1 megabyte and is not any specific size). On a blank disk, all of these files will be allocated one after the other. (Example (1) on the image.) If file B is deleted, there are two options, leave the space for B empty and use it again later, or compress all the files after B so that the empty space follows it. This could be time consuming if there were hundreds or thousands of files which needed to be moved, so in general the empty space is simply left there, marked in a table as available for later use, then used again as needed. (Example (2) on the image.) Now, if a new file, F, is allocated 7 blocks of space, it can be placed into the first 7 blocks of the space formerly holding the file B and the 3 blocks following it will remain available. (Example (3) on the image.) If another new file, G is added, and needs only three blocks, it could then occupy the space after F and before C. (Example (4) on the image). Now, if subsequently F needs to be expanded, since the space immediately following it is no longer available, there are two options: (1) add a new block somewhere else and indicate that F has a second extent, or (2) move the file F to someplace else where it can be created as one contiguous file of the new, larger size. The latter operation may not be possible as the file may be larger than any one contiguous space available, or the file conceivably could be so large the operation would take an undesirably long period of time, thus the usual practice is simply to create an extent somewhere else and chain the new extent onto the old one. (Example (5) on the image.) Repeat this practice hundreds or thousands of times and eventually the file system has many free segments in many places and many files may be spread over many extents. If, as a result of free space fragmentation, a newly created file (or a file which has been extended) has to be placed in a large number of extents, access time for that file (or for all files) may become excessively long.

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Kuupäev/kellaaegPisipiltMõõtmedKasutajaKommentaar
viimane30. jaanuar 2010, kell 23:12Pisipilt versioonist seisuga 30. jaanuar 2010, kell 23:12488 × 206 (23 KB)Me6620Major clean up
1. detsember 2007, kell 05:17Pisipilt versioonist seisuga 1. detsember 2007, kell 05:17488 × 206 (30 KB)Rfc1394Adjust text for italic item
1. detsember 2007, kell 05:15Pisipilt versioonist seisuga 1. detsember 2007, kell 05:15488 × 206 (29 KB)Rfc1394Another correction; revert text back to text instead of as paths (makes it take a lot less space that way)
1. detsember 2007, kell 05:00Pisipilt versioonist seisuga 1. detsember 2007, kell 05:00488 × 206 (108 KB)Rfc1394Correct image to accurately display what it is supposed to
1. detsember 2007, kell 04:47Pisipilt versioonist seisuga 1. detsember 2007, kell 04:47488 × 206 (111 KB)Rfc1394Copy text off-screen on image and convert text to path so text isn't compressed by the SVG renderer.
1. detsember 2007, kell 04:40Pisipilt versioonist seisuga 1. detsember 2007, kell 04:40488 × 206 (14 KB)Rfc1394Example of how file systems become fragmented. The following is from the article of the same name on Wikipedia: A blank disk has 5 files, A, B, C, D and E each using 10 blocks of space (for this section, a ''block'' is an

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