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Peruu asekuningriik

Allikas: Vikipeedia
Vaata ka artiklit Peruu asekuningate loend.

Peruu Asekuningriik

Virreinato del Perú
Hispaania lipp
Lima vapp
Valitsusvorm monarhia
Osa Hispaania koloniaalimpeeriumi asekuningriik
Hispaania kuningas Carlos I
(esimene, 1544–1546)
Fernando VII
(viimane, 1816–1824)
Asekuningas Blasco Núñez Vela
(esimene, 1544–1546)
José de la Serna de Hinojosa
(viimane, 1821–1824)
Pealinn Lima
Religioon Katoliiklus
Riigikeeled Hispaania
Peamised keeled Ketšua
Rahaühik Hispaania dollar
Deviis "Plus ultra"
(ladina keelest: "Edasi kaugemale")
Hümn "Marcha Real"
(hispaania keelest 'kuninglik marss')

Eelnev Järgnev
Uusinkade Riik
Uus-Kastiilia Kubermang
Uus-Toledo Kubermang
Tierra Firme Provints
Uus-Andaluusia Kubermang
Tšiili Kuningriik
Guayaquili Vaba Provints
Peruu Protektoraat
Uus-Granada Asekuningriik
Río de la Plata Asekuningriik

Peruu Asekuningriik (hispaania keeles Virreinato del Perú; ametlikult Peruu Kuningriik) oli aastal 1542 rajatud Hispaania haldusringkond, mis asus algselt tänapäeva Peruu ning enamiku Hispaania Lõuna-Ameerika aladel. Peruu Asekuningriigi pealinn oli Lima. Tegu oli ühega kokku kahest Hispaania asekuningriigist Lõuna-Ameerikas 16.–18. sajandini.

Hispaania ei hakanud vastu Portugali laienemisele üle Tordesillase lepinguga sätestatud piiri. Kuna Porgual oli aastatel 1580–1640 Hispaania kontrolli all, ei olnud lepingu järgimisel enam mõtet. 18. sajandil loodi Peruu Asekuningriigi alade kulul Uus-Granada ja Río de la Plata asekuningriigid ning tulud Andide kaubandusest läksid Limast Buenos Airese kätte. Kaevandus- ja kangasektorite allakäik andis Peruu Asekuningriigi laostumisele hoogu. 19. sajandi alguses tõstsid Lõuna-Ameerikas pead iseseisvusliikumised ning Peruu Asekuningriik likvideeriti ühes suure osaga Hispaania koloniaalimpeeriumist. Selle tulemusel iseseisvusid peale Peruule ka näiteks tänapäeva Tšiili, Colombia, Panama, Ecuador, Boliivia, Paraguay, Uruguay ja Argentina, mis kõik olid varem Peruu Asekuningriigi osad olnud.

Vaata ka[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Kirjandus[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

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