Kasutaja:Mariina/Harilik sibul

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Harilik sibul[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Next.svg Pikemalt artiklis Vikipeedia:Üldine arutelu#Kasutaja:Mariina
Disambig gray.svg  See artikkel räägib taimeliigist; köögivilja kohta vaata artiklit Sibul; taimeorgani kohta vaata artiklit Sibul (organ)

Harilik sibul
Field with onions.jpg
Taksonoomia
Riik Taimed Plantae
Hõimkond Õistaimed Magnoliophyta
Klass Üheidulehelised Monocotyledoneae
Selts Asparilaadsed Asparagales
Sugukond Laugulised Alliaceae;
Alamsugukond Laugulised Alliaceae
Perekond Lauk Allium
Liik Harilik sibul
Binaarne nimetus
Allium cepa
L., 1753
Sünonüümid
  • Allium angolense Baker
  • Allium aobanum Araki
  • Allium ascalonicum auct.
  • Allium ascalonicum var. condensum Millán
  • Allium ascalonicum var. fertile Millán
  • Allium ascalonicum f. rotterianum Voss ex J.Becker
  • Allium ascalonicum var. sterile Millán
  • Allium cepa var. aggregatum G.Don
  • Allium cepa var. anglicum Alef.
  • Allium cepa var. argenteum Alef.
  • Allium cepa var. bifolium Alef.
  • Allium cepa var. crinides Alef.
  • Allium cepa var. flandricum Alef.
  • Allium cepa var. globosum Alef.
  • Allium cepa var. hispanicum Alef.
  • Allium cepa var. jamesii Alef.
  • Allium cepa var. lisboanum Alef.
  • Allium cepa var. luteum Alef.
  • Allium cepa var. multiplicans L.H.Bailey
  • Allium cepa var. portanum Alef.
  • Allium cepa var. praecox Alef.
  • Allium cepa var. rosum Alef.
  • Allium cepa var. sanguineum Alef.
  • Allium cepa var. solaninum Alef.
  • Allium cepa var. tripolitanum Alef.
  • Allium cepa var. viviparum (Metzg.) Alef.
  • Allium cepaeum St.-Lag.
  • Allium commune Noronha

[1]

  • Allium cumaria Buch.-Ham. ex Wall.
  • Allium esculentum Salisb.
  • Allium napus Pall. ex Kunth
  • Allium nigritanum A.Chev.
  • Allium pauciflorum Willd. ex Ledeb.
  • Allium salota Dostál
  • Ascalonicum sativum P.Renault
  • Cepa alba P.Renault
  • Cepa esculenta Gray
  • Cepa pallens P.Renault
  • Cepa rubra P.Renault
  • Cepa vulgaris Garsault
  • Kepa esculenta Raf.
  • Porrum cepa (L.) Rchb.[2]

Harilik sibul ehk söögisibul ehk sibul (Allium cepa L.) on mitmeaastane rohttaim lauguliste sugukonna laugu perekonnas, köögiviljataim.

Sibulat on kasutatud kultus-[3], toidu-, maitse-, ravim-, seltsilis-, mee-, mürk-, juur-, värvi- kontroll-, katse- ja doonortaimena.

Kuigi sibul on püsik, kasvatatakse teda valdavalt kaheaastase[4] aga ka üheaastase[viide?][5] aia- ja põllukultuurina (sh vahekultuurina).

Sibula looduslik eellastaim on teadmata.[viide?]

2004. aasta seisuga kasvatati sibulat 175 riigis (FAO, 2005). Toiduks tarvitatakse põhiliselt hariliku sibula mugulat, mida nimetatakse ka sibulaks.

Botaaniline nomenklatuur ja süstemaatika[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Philip Miller (tema botaaniline autorilühend Mill.) kirjeldab 1735. aastal välja antud raamatu "The Gardener's Dictionary" ('Aedniku sõnaraamat') 1. köites märksõna 'Cepa' all arvatavasti sibulat (The Onion)[6].

John Wilson liigitab 1744. aastal inglise taimede lühikokkuvõttes A synopsis of British plants, in Mr. Ray's method, with ... sibula, koos nartsisside ja hüatsintidega jpt taimedega XXII taimeklassi – pirnitaolise juurega taimed.[7]

John Hill kirjeldas raamatus "A history of plants" ('Taimede ajalugu') 1751 sibulaid: Allium scapo nudo, inferne ventricoso, longiore, foliis teretibus ja The Long Onion: Allium scapo nudo, inferne ventricoso, longiore, foliis teretibus ventricolis.[8]

Raamatus "A History of the Materia Medica" on aminitud, et 'The Cepa' ehk sibul on Herbae radice bulbosa praeditae [9] ja selle all peetakse silmas harilikku sibulat. Aedades kultiveeritav Cepa vulgaris (harilik sibul) on Cepa Vulgaris floribus & tunicis albis & purpurascentibus G. Bauh. ja Cepa Rotunda Alba & Rubra J. Bauhin.[10]

Carl von Linné (1707–1778) süstematiseeris hariliku sibula oma 1753. aastal avaldatud taimeliikide raamatus "Species Plantarum". Linnaeuse Systema Sexuale´s seisis Allium cepa kuue võrdse tolmukaga õitega 6. klassis Hexandria ja order Monogynia[11]

Inglise arst ja Londoni Kuningliku Seltsi liige William Falconer (1744–1824) arvas 1793, et sibula kohta kirjutasid antiikajal Pedanius Dioscorides (ca 40–90 m.a.j) ja Theophrastos.[12]

Briti botaanik ja farmakoloog Samuel Frederick Gray eristas küll harilikku sibulat ja Hispaania sibulat, viimaseid kultiveeriti Hispaaniast ja Portugalist omandatud seemnetest, kuid nende kasv aasta-aastalt kängus ja sibul muutus harilikuks kibesibulaks.[13]

Bentham & Hooker system 'is , mille koostajateks (1862–1883) George Bentham ja Joseph Dalton Hooker liigitatakse taim üheiduleheliste III seeriasse Coronarieæ liilialiste sugukonda.

Hutchinsoni klassifikatsioonis, mille koostas inglise botaanik John Hutchinson, oli sibul üheiduleheliste alamsugukonna 2. divisjonis Corolliferae jaLiliales seltsis.[14]

Nõukogude Liidu botaanik A. Vvedensky (1944) liigitas aga hariliku sibula Cepa-rühma (Mill.).[15]

Varasemas katteseemnetaimede klassifkatsioonis (Melchior, 1964) liigitati lauk liilialiste sugukonda. Uuemas üheiduleheliste klassifikatsioonis liigitati lauk lauguliste sugukonda (Robert, 1992).

Arthur Cronquisti (1919–1992) välja töötatud katteseemnetaimede liigiüleste taksonite Cronquisti süsteemi liigitus on toodud kõrvalolevas tabelis.

Allium cepa Cronquisti süsteemis
Taksonoomia
Hõimkond Õistaimed Magnoliophyta
Klass Liliopsida
Alamklass Liliidae
Selts Liliales
Sugukond Liliaceae
Perekond Lauk Allium

Armen Takhtajani (1997) järgi: 1. klass Liliopsida, 2. alamklass Liliidae, 3. ülemselts Liliianae, 4. selts Amaryllidales, 5. sugukond Alliaceae, 6. alamsugukond Allioideae, 7. triibus Allieae, 8. perekond Allium.

Taimesüstemaatikas kaasajal katteseemnetaimede klassifikatsioonis konsensuseni püüdleva rahvusvahelise informaalse süstemaatilise nimestiku töögrupi A.P.G. (Angiosperm Phylogeny Group) liikmed on andnud välja APG 1998, APGII 2003 ja APG III, 2009 soovitused katteseementaimede süstematiseerimseks. Värskeimas, 2009. aastal avaldatud ja peamiselt molekulaar-fülogeneetilistel uuringutel põhinev taimede klassifitseerimissüsteem soosib hariliku sibula liigitamist amarülliliste (Amaryllidaceae) sugukonda.

Veebipõhises taksonoomilises andmebaasis Catalogue of Life[16] liigitatakse harilik sibul asparilaadsete (Asparagales) seltsi, amarülliliste (Amaryllidaceae) sugukonda.

Ameerika Ühendriikide Põllumajandusministeeriumi veebipõhises andmebaasis GRIN, mis haldab National Plant Germplasm System 'i andmeid, on hariliku sibula taksonoomia alljärgnev[17]:

GRINi
Taksonoomia
Sugukond Amaryllidaceae
Alamsugukond Allioideae
Triibus Allieae
Perekond Lauk Allium
Alamperekond Cepa
Sektsioon Cepa

Harilik sibul on koos taimeliikidega murulauk, metslauk, karulauk jpt laukude perekonnas.

Hariliku sibula lähimateks sugulasteks peetakse taimeliike Allium asarense [18] ja Vavilovi lauk (Allium vavilovii Popov et Vved.).[19]

Taimeliigi teaduslik ladinakeelne nimetus on Allium cepaL. ja taime eestikeelsed tavanimed on harilik sibul, söögisibul[20] ja sibul[21].

Sünonüümid
  • kromyon Dioscorides
  • Cepa vulgaris, floribus et tunicis candidis (C.Bauh., Tourn.)
  • Allium angolense Baker, 1878
  • Allium aobanum Araki
  • Allium ascalonicum Auct., sensu auct. (misapplied name)
  • Allium ascalonicum var. condensum Millán
  • Allium ascalonicum var. fertile Millán
  • Allium ascalonicum var. majus [22]
  • Allium ascalonicum f. rotterianum Voss ex J.Becker
  • Allium ascalonicum var. sterile Millán
  • Allium cepa var. aggregatum G.Don [23]
  • Allium cepa var. anglicum Alef.[24]
  • Allium cepa var. argenteum Alef.
  • Allium cepa var. bulbiferum Regel
  • Allium cepa var. bifolium Alef.
  • Allium cepa var. cepa L.
  • Allium cepa var. crinides Alef.
  • Allium cepa var. flandricum Alef.
  • Allium cepa var. globosum Alef.
  • Allium cepa var. hispanicum Alef.
  • Allium cepa var. jamesii Alef.
  • Allium cepa var. lisboanum Alef.
  • Allium cepa var. luteum Alef.
  • Allium cepa var. multiplicans L.H.Bailey
  • Allium cepa var. portanum Alef.
  • Allium cepa var. praecox Alef.
  • Allium cepa var. rosum Alef.
  • Allium cepa var. sanguineum Alef.
  • Allium cepa var. solaninum Alef.
  • Allium cepa var. tripolitanum Alef.
  • Allium cepa var. viviparum (Metzg.) Alef.
  • Allium cepaeum St.-Lag.
  • Allium cepaeiforme [25]
  • Allium commune Noronha[26]
  • Allium cumaria Francis Buchanan Buch.-Ham. ex Wall.
  • Allium esculentum Salisb., 1796[27]
  • Allium napus Pall. ex Kunth
  • Allium nigritanum A.Chev., 1913[28]
  • Allium pauciflorum Willd. ex Ledeb.
  • Allium salota Dostál, 1984[29]
  • Ascalonicum sativum P.Renault
  • Cepa alba Renault, 1804
  • Cepa esculenta Gray
  • Cepa pallens Renault, 1804
  • Cepa rubra Renault, 1804
  • Cepa vulgaris Garsault, 1764 [30]
  • Kepa esculenta Raf., 1837
  • Porrum cepa (L.) Rchb., 1830[31][32]
Alamliigid
teisendid
Allium cepa var. australiorientale [34]
  • Allium cepa var. boreale [35]
  • Allium cepa var. borealiamericanum [36]
  • Allium cepa var. medieuropeum [37]
  • Allium cepa var. medirossicum Kazakova
  • Allium cepa var. schallot Seregin.[38]

Botaaniline kirjeldus[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Eluvorm[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Harilik sibul on püsik (kultuuris kaheaastane) taim.

Juurestik[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Sibulataimel on ilma peajuureta ja niitjate külgjuurtega narmasjuurestik, millel on vähesed juurekarvad ja mille kasvu mõjutavad nii juuretipud kui ka kasvav võrse. Juurestik on pindmine, asetsedes vaid 5–30 cm sügavusel[39] ja see muudab hariliku sibula põuatundlikuks.[40]

Sibul[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Sibula läbimõõt on kuni 15 cm, see on kestsibul. Välimised soomused on kollased, harva lillad või valged. Seesmised soomused on lihakad, valged, rohekas või lillad; nad paiknevad lühenenud varrel, mida nimetatakse sibulakannaks. Sibulakannal mahlakate soomuste põues paiknevad pungad, millest saavad alguse tütarsibulad, mis moodustavad mitmest sibulast koosnevad "pesad".

Sibulavarre muundunud maa-alust osa nimetatakse sibulakannaks ja selle lühike alumine juurteta surnud osa moodustab sibula talla.[40] Kand koos selle külge kinnitnud lihavsoomustega moodustab sibula, tema on olemuselt maa-alune lühivõrse.[41]

Maa-alune sibulavõrse koosneb mitmest pigmenteeritud soomustega kihist, paberjas kiht koosneb välimisest epidermisest, keskmisest parenhüümikoest ja alumisest epidermisest. Meil kasvav sibulataim vajaks sibulamugula moodustamiseks temperatuuri 15–20 °C.

Välimised lihavsoomused lähevad sibula peal üle õhukesteks lehetuppedeks ehk nn sibulakaelaks ja edasi sibula lehtedeks ehk sibulapealseteks.[40] Sibula lehestik on üsna külmakindel ja talub külma −3 kuni −7 °C.[40]

Valminud sibulat katavad kuivsoomused. Lihavaid ja mahlaseid lihavsoomuseid ümbritsevad kuivsoomused omandavad olenevalt sordist kuivades erinevaid värvitoone valgest kollase, pruuni, punase ja lillakaspunaseni. Kuivsoomuste kihtide arv on samuti varieeruv lõunapoolsetel sortidel on kuivsoomuseid 1 kuni 2 ja põhjapoolsetel 3 kuni 4 kihti.[40]

Lehed[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Lehed on ruljad, hallikasrohelised.

Fotosünteesiks vajalikud maapealsed sibula silinderjad lehed, mida kutsutakse ka sibulapealseteks, võrsuvad meristeemist, nende roll elustaime jaoks on sünteesitud süsivesikute transportimine läbi sibulakaela sibulasoomustesse.

Juveniilse sibulataime kasvufaasi jõudes, mille indikaatoriks on järjest rohkenev sibulalehtede arv, uued lehed kasvavad vanematest lehtedest suuremad, ja kasvu edenedes kogub jõudu ka jämenev vars.

Õievars[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Õievars on kuni 1,5 m kõrgune, õõnes.

Sibulavars on ümar ja seest õõnes.

Hariliku sibula varrel paiknevad pungad ja nende arv on varieeruv, sibulataimedel mida on lühemat aega vegetatiivselt paljundatud on rohkem pungi. Meil kasvav sibulataim, kes talvel puhanud ja õitseb järgmisel aastal, vajaks õiepungade arenguks temperatuuri 15–20 °C. Sarikakate on 2-kihiline.

Õied[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Sibul on hermafrodiitsete õitega taim (emas- ja isasorganid on õies koos)[42] – need on tema paljunemisorganid. Rudolph Jacob Camerarius (1665–1721) oli arvatavasti üks esimesi botaanikuid, kes kirjeldas taimesugu ja taime paljunemisorganeid: emasorgan emakas (pistil) ja isasorgan tolmukas (anther)).[43]

Hariliku sibula õiepõhjale kinnitunud õisik on sarikas, mida kannab lehtedeta putkunud vars ja see koosneb 200–800[40] üksikõiest, osade allikate järgi võib õisi ka kuni 2000 olla. Õiepõhjale on kinnitunud tupplehtedest õietupp, androecium koos tolmukatega, emakkond (tsönokarpne) koos emakaga. Tolmukaid ja emakaid, ning hiljem vilja, ümbritseb õiekate. Tolmukaniidid on pikemad kui õiekate.[44]

Allium cepa 003.JPG

Androecium koosneb 6 tolmukast. Tolmukapea avanemiseks soodsate välistingimuste korral (meil kasvav sibulataim vajaks õitsemise ning seemne valmimise ajal välistemperatuuri 25–300) rebeneb tolmukasein (mis koosneb epidermist ja endothecium 'ist) ja tolmuteradest koosnevat õietolmu pakutakse 'emaspoolele' poolpäevasel ajal. Nektaariumid paiknevad 3 seesmise tolmuka põhjas. Õitsemise ajal võivad taimi külastada mesilased, kes koguvad sibulanektarit. Sibulanektar on magus vedelik, mis eritub taime nektarinäärmetest ja millest mesilased valmistavad mett. Sibulanektari hulk ja koostis sõltub taime õitsemise ajast ja kasvust. Sõltuvalt mõjuritest võib erinevate sibulasortide nektar olla väga varieeruva koostisega: nektar sisaldab tõenäoliselt sarnaselt teiste taimede nektariga vett, fruktoosi, glükoosi, sukroosi, happeid, valke ja mineraalühendeid[45], kaaliumi (ühes katses 5347 miljondikosast alates[46]) jpt aineid. Nektarimahtu mõjutavad ka kasvutingimused, õhuniiskus, valgus, temperatuur, mullastik jms.

Emakas on 'kolmekambriline' ja igas kambris on kaks 'ovule' t, 1 'ovule' peidab endas kuni õie avanemiseni lootekotti. Emaka tipmine osa emakasuue on sibulataimel kolmeharuline ja muutub vastuvõtlikuks õietolmule veidi enne õie kroonlehtede avanemist (anthesis), kui see aga peaks viibima siis tõuseb tõenäosus üksikute õite (olenevalt sibulasordist) isetolmlemiseks. Õied viljastatakse risttolmlemise ja ka putukate (putuktolmlemine) ning tuule abil (tuultolmlemine). Õitsemise kestus on liigiti erinev. 2 päeva peale viljastamist on 'ovule's sügoot ja mitu endosperm nuclei.

Hübriidsortidega taimed on 'isapoolt steriilsed' nemad ei moodusta 'toimivat' õietolmu (see sisaldab sugurakke microgametophytes) ja ei suuda ennast viljastada.

Õitsemine ja viljumine[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Meie kliimas õitseb juunis-juulis. Viljad valmivad augustis.[viide?]

Idanemine[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Hariliku sibula arengut ja kasvu mõjutab oluliselt päikesekiirgus, välistemperatuur jpt tegurid. Harilik sibul sigib seksuaalselt. Sibulataime kasvuks minimaalsete väliskeskkonna tingimuste korral hakkab musta (ka sinakasmusta) värvusega sibulaseeme (temas embrüo ümbritsetuna endosperm iga) mullas idanema ja annab läbi seemnekatte mulla pealispinna poole esmase juure ehk idujuure ja seejärel idulehe. Iduleht pikeneb kuid tema ots jääb seemnekattega ühendusse, et toitekoest tõmmatavatest toiduvarudest saaks idu kasvada, ja seeme jõuab mullapinnale. Sibulaseemiku meristemaatiline kasvukoht jääb mulla alla, idulehe ja idujuure ühiskohta. Esmase juure rakud surevad peagi ning sibulataim hakkab moodustama juurestikku (narmasjuurestik). Meil kasvav sibulataim vajaks juurestiku kasvuks temperatuuri 15–20 °C.

Zwiebelblueten offen geschlossen.jpg
Hariliku sibula õiesarikas

Fotoperiodism[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Arvatakse, et fotoperiodismil on kandev roll fütokroomsüsteemil, nii näiteks reageerib pigment fütokroom (valk) – fotoretseptor punasele (650–680 nm) /kaug-punasele valgusele (710–740 nm), tsirkadiaansetele rütmidele ja siseneb tuuma, lisaks geenide kodeerimisele toodavad sibulalehed nende mõjul hormooni-laadseid molekule (flowering hormone florigen) ja liigutavad neid selliselt, et õitsemine saaks alguse. Spetsiifiliste sinist valgust ja ultraviolett A-d (lainepikkuste vahemik 320–400 nm) tajuvate retseptorite krüptokroomide roll seisneb lisaks geenide kodeerimisele ka õhulõhede avamisel.

Rakud[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Harilik sibul on eukarüootne organism.

Hariliku sibula maa-alust võrset katab sibula epidermis, mis koosneb sibula epidermirakkudest. Epidermis katab ka sibulalehti, -varsi ja teisi organeid.

Epidermises paiknevad lisaks sibula epidermirakkudele ka sulgrakud (mis paiknevad õhulõhede ümber ja mille funktsiooniks on gaasivahetuse kontroll), õhulõhed, subsidiary cells, mature cells, short cells, parenchyma cells. Juurestiku arenemisel mängivad rolli peamiselt kaks epidermist pärinevat rakutüüpi root hair cells ja non-hair cells.

Juuri kattev hypodermis koosneb ühest hypodermal cells- kihist.

Plasmodesmata on rakuseintes olevad kanalid, mis ühendavad taimeraku protoplaste teiste rakkudega.

Sibulalehtede rohelistes osades (sisaldavad klorofülli) tagavad fotosünteesi photosynthetic cell 'id, nemad tarbivad suhkrumolekulide (millest valmist glükoosi) ja hapniku saamiseks päikest ja süsihappegaasi.

Normaalsel sibularakul on 16 (2n = 16) kromosoomi.

Köögiviljakultuuride kasvatuse taksonoomia[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Harilik sibul on üks vanemaid kultuurtaimi. Tänapäeval on söögisibul majanduslikult väga tähtis köögivili, mida kasvatatakse kõikjal maailmas. Taimekasvatuses on käibel mitmeid klassifikatsioone.

Hanelt'i klassifikatsioon[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Next.svg Pikemalt artiklis Hanelt'i klassifikatsioon

Hanelti (1990) 3 rühma:

  • Pearl onion Group : sünonüümid A. ampeloprasum var sectivum Lued, A.cepa L.,
  • Common onion Group: sünonüümid A.cepa var cepa L, A. cepa var typicum Rgl. – tavanimi sibul,
  • Aggregatum-rühm : sünonüümid A.ascalonicum auct. non Strand – tavanimi pesasibul (šalott), A.cepa var. ascalonicum Becker, A.cepa var aggregatum G.Don – ingliskeelne tavanimi potato onion, A.cepa var solanina Alef, A. cepa var perutile Stearn ingliskeelne tavanimi ever-ready onion.[47]

Fritsch'i ja Friesen'i klassifikatsioon[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Next.svg Pikemalt artiklis Fritsch'i ja Friesen'i klassifikatsioon

R. M. Fritsch ja N. Friesen (2002) jagasid hariliku sibula 3 rühma: Allium cepa Cepa-, Allium cepa Aggregatum- ja Allium cepa Ever-ready Onion-rühma (väsimatu sibul).

Hübriidtaksonid[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

F1 hübriidil Allium Cepa ja A. fistulosum (Emsweller & Jones, 1935) on õietolmu fertiilsus halb, sageli ei küündi 10%-ni (H. A. Jones & Mann, 1963; Levan, 1941; Maeda, 1937; Peffley, 1986; van der Valk jt, 1991b).

Tuntakse mitut tüüpi hübriidtaksoneid, need on saadud hübriidimise teel ja vanemliinis on ka harilik sibul:

  • A. x proliferum [Allium × proliferum (Moench) Schrad. sün. Allium cepa L. var. viviparum (Metzger) Alefeld].: Allium cepa Cepa-rühm ja talisibul (Allium fistulosum);
  • A. x cornutum : Allium cepa Aggregatum-rühm ja talisibul.

In vitro sibulataime kultiveerimisel on sibul doonortaimeks suurele hulgale sibulasortidele.

Cultivated Plant Code nomeklatuur[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Taimekasvatuse põllumajanduskultuurina (kultuurtaimena) kasutatakse tänapäeval formaalset International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants (ICNCP) nomeklatuuri, kuid keelatud ei ole harilikule sibulale kui cultigen 'ile lisada ka taime botaaniline nimetus.

Kultuurtaimedel võib ära märkida kultivari, rühma (Group, varasem nimetus cultivar-group) ja grex 'i.

Cultivar-group (ICNCP, 1995) asendati 'rühmaga' 2004. aastal.

Hariliku sibula kultivaride informaalne klassifikatsioon pole käesoleval ajal lõplikult selge, veebipõhises eestikeelsete taimenimede andmebaasis on ära toodud 3 rühma:

  • Allium cepa Aggregatum-rühm – pesasibul
  • Allium cepa Echalion-rühm – värtensibul (pesasibul × harilik sibul) (sün: Allium cepa Aggregatum-rühm × Allium cepa Cepa rühm)
  • Allium cepa var. cepa Silverskin-rühm – hõbesibul.

Hariliku sibula Allium cepa Aggregatum-rühma nimena eelistas eestikeelsete taimenimede komisjon 2004. aastal šalottsibulale pesasibulat.[40]

Kuid leidub ka teisi sibularühmi, nagu:

  • Allium cepa Proliferum-rühm (sün: Allium cepa var. viviparum) – rindeline sibul.

Taimekasvatuse köögiviljakultuurina pole hariliku sibula nomenklatuur lõplik ega ühtlustatud, võib nii olla juhtunud, et mujal maailmas peetakse mugulsibulate (bulb onion) all silmas Allium cepa Cepa-rühma sibula põllumajanduslikult olulist sibulakasvatuse/tootmise saadust ja/või seda tagavat sibulaseemne kasvatust, mujal maailmas võidakse sibulafarmides kasvatada sibulataimi ka sibulaistikutest.

Hariliku sibula sordid liigitatakse keemilise koostise järgi kibedateks, poolkibedateks ja magusateks sibulateks.

Sibulasordid[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Sibulapõld Moldovas

Hariliku sibula sortide nimetused saadakse kaasajal taimeperekonna nimest (Allium)+ liiginimest (cepa) + sordinimest ('Honeybee').

Varasemad sibulasordid Inglismaal (William Rhind, 1840)
  • 'Dutch blood red'
  • 'Deptford'
  • 'Early silver skinned'
  • 'Globe'
  • 'James long keeping'
  • 'Lisbon'
  • 'Pale red'
  • 'Potatoe onion'
  • 'Silver skinned'
  • 'Spanish
  • 'Strasburgh'
  • 'Tripoli'
  • 'True Portugal'
  • 'Two bladed'
  • 'Welsh'
  • 'Yellow'.[48]
Eestimaal
  • Varasemad sibulasordid Eestimaal (1927):
  • 'Hollandi kollane'
  • 'Hollandi punane'
  • 'Zittau kollane'
  • 'Zittau punane'.
Maailma sibulasordid
  • Allium cepa 'Ailsa Craig'[49]
  • 'Ailsa Craig Exhibition' (pikapäeva sibulasort valgustarve 14 tundi päevas või rohkem)
  • 'Alibaba' (pikapäeva)
  • 'Baron'
  • 'Bedfordshire Champion'[50]
  • 'Bila' (pikapäeva)
  • 'Braunschweiger'
  • 'Brunswick'
  • 'Bunton's Showstopper'[51]
  • 'Corrado' (kibesibul)
  • 'Cupido' (kibesibul)
  • 'Doux des Cevennes'[52]
  • 'Efekt'
  • 'Electric'[53]
  • 'Exhibition'
  • 'Garnet'[54]
  • 'Gladalan Brown'
  • 'Gladalan White'
  • 'Golden Ball'[55]
  • 'Golden Gourmet' (Allium cepa Aggregatum-rühm, šalottsibul)[56]
  • 'Haltsedon'
  • 'Hative de Niort' (Allium cepa Aggregatum-rühm, šalottsibul)[57]
  • 'Hercules'[58]
  • 'Irka'
  • 'Jermor' (Allium cepa Aggregatum-rühm, šalottsibul)[59]
  • 'Karmen' (kibesibul)
  • 'Kano' (Nigeeria)
  • 'Kelsae'
  • 'Kristine'
  • 'Labrador'
  • 'Laser' (leherohke)
  • 'Longor' (Allium cepa Aggregatum-rühm, šalottsibul)[60]
  • 'M & R Early Improved'
  • 'Mercedes'
  • 'Mundulla Gold'
  • 'Murray Brown'
  • 'New York Early' (pikapäeva sibulasort)
  • 'North Holland'
  • 'Majka' (pikapäeva)
  • 'Paris Silverskin'
  • 'Polanowska' (pikapäeva)
  • 'Rouge Long De Florence' (Heritage)[61]
  • 'Rumba'[62]
  • 'Oyo' (Nigeeria)
  • 'Owa'
  • 'Pesandor' (Allium cepa Aggregatum-rühm, šalottsibul)[63]
  • 'Ramata di Milano'[64]
  • 'Red'
  • 'Red Arrow'[65]
  • 'Red Baron' (kibesibul)[66]
  • 'Red Cros'[67]
  • 'Red Sun' (Allium cepa Aggregatum-rühm, šalottsibul)[68]
  • 'Rijnsburger'
  • 'Rosanna'[69]
  • 'Scarlet' (pikapäeva)
  • 'Senshyu'[70]
  • 'Senshyu Yellow'[71] (Jaapani päritolu)
  • 'Senshyu Yellow Globe'
  • 'Setton'[72]
  • 'Shakespeare'[73]
  • 'Snowball' (kibesibul)
  • 'Springfield' (Allium cepa Aggregatum-rühm, šalottsibul)[74]
  • 'Sturon' (kibesibul)[75]
  • 'Stuttgarter Riesen' (kibesibul) *'Stuttgarter Giant' [76]
  • 'Tęcza' (pikapäeva)
  • 'T&M's First Early'[77]
  • 'Tonda Musona'[78]
  • 'Topolska' (pikapäeva)
  • 'Tornado'[79]
  • 'Turbo'[80]
  • 'Vera Prima'
  • 'Zaria' (Nigeeria)
  • 'Zeta'
  • 'Zittau Gigant'
  • 'Zorza'
  • 'Yellow Moon' (Šalottsibul)
  • 'Vulcan'[81]
  • 'Walla Walla Sweet' (pikapäeva sibulasort)
  • 'Warna' (pikapäeva)
  • 'White Lisbon'
  • 'White Spanish'
  • 'Wenta'[40][82][83][84][85][86]
Bangladesh
Egiptus
  • 'Beheri'
  • 'Giza 6'
  • 'Giza 20'.[89]
Haiti

Arvatakse, et Haitile vedas sibula Christoph Kolumbus. 1990-ndatel aastatel olid kultiveerimisel sordid[90]:

  • Awahia'
  • 'Chula'
  • 'Cougar'
  • 'DPS 1001'
  • 'Evita'
  • 'Granex 33'
  • 'Jaguar'
  • 'Linda Vista'
  • 'Rio Bravo'
  • 'Rio Zorro'
  • 'Mercedes'
  • 'Midstar'
  • 'New Mex Yellow'
  • 'Sweet Sunrise'
  • 'Texas Grano 1015'
  • 'Vista Cimarron'
  • 'Yellow Granex' hübriid.
India

Ekstantsed sibulasordid (enne 1986):

  • 'N-2-4-1'
  • 'N-53'
  • 'N-257-9-1'
  • 'Pusa Red'
  • 'Pusa White Flat'
  • 'Pusa White Round'
  • 'Pusa Ratnar'
  • 'S-131'
  • 'Early Grano'
  • 'Punjab Selection'
  • 'Punjab Red Round'
  • 'Punjab-48'
  • 'Punjab Red Round'
  • 'CO-1' (Aggregatum)
  • 'CO-2'
  • 'CO-3'
  • 'CO-4'
  • 'MDU-1'
  • 'Hissar 2'
  • 'Kalyanpur Red Round'
  • 'Udaipur 101'
  • 'Brown Spanish' (pikapäeva)
  • 'VL-1' (pikapäeva)
  • Parendatud sordid (peale 1986)
  • 'Bhima Red'
  • 'Bhima Raj'
  • 'Bhima Super'
  • 'Bhima Kiran'
  • 'Bhima Shakti'
  • 'Bhima Shubra'
  • 'Bhima Shweta'
  • 'Bhima Dark Red'
  • 'Baswant-780'
  • 'Pusa Madhavi'
  • 'Arka Niketan'
  • 'Arka Kalyan'
  • 'Arka Bindu'
  • 'Arka Pragati'
  • 'Arka Pitambar'
  • 'Arka Lalima' (F1)
  • 'Arka Kirtiman' (F1)
  • 'Phule Safed'
  • 'Phule Suwarna'
  • 'Phule Samarth'
  • 'HOS-1'
  • 'Agrifound Dark Red'
  • 'Agrifound Light Red'
  • 'Agrifound White'
  • 'L-28'
  • 'Agrifound Rose'
  • 'Agrifound Red' (Aggregatum)
  • Line-355'
  • 'Udaipur 102'
  • 'Udaipur 103'
  • 'Punjab Naroya'
  • 'Punjab White'
  • 'Punjab Naroya'
  • 'Punjab White'
  • 'VL-3' (pikapäeva)
  • 'Akola Safed'
  • 'Rajasthan Onion-1'
  • 'Aprita (RO-59)'

Kohalikud/ farmi sordid:

Jamaica

Jamaical kultiveeritakse sibulat vähe ja peamiseks kasvatuspiirkonnaks on Saint Elizabethi vald, Pedro Plains. Jamaical kohanevad sibulasordid:

  • 'Caballero' (Mid-day onion)
  • 'Granex 33' (lühipäeva)
  • 'Mercedes' (lühipäeva)
  • 'Superex' (lühipäeva)
  • 'Texas Early Grano' (lühipäeva)[92].
Kreeka
Ameerika
  • Boston (1869): 'Early Red' ('Large Red Wethersfield' i alamliik), 'Large Red Wethersfield'; 'Danvers Yellow', 'Yellow Dutch' (ehk 'Silverskin'), 'White Portugal (ehk 'Spanish'), 'Top' (ehk 'Button Onion'), 'Potato onion'.[94]
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey, "Manual for Gardening" (1910): 'Danver's, 'Prizetaker', 'Globe', 'Wethersfiled', 'White Queen', 'Barletta'.[95]
Uus-Meremaa


Sordiaretus[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Hariliku sibula sordiaretuse üheks eesmärgiks on hariliku sibula vegetiivse (tippsibulad) aga ka seksuaalse paljunemisele kaasa aitamine. Inimesepoolsetele vegetatiivsetele paljundamispüüdlustele mullakeskkonnas vastab sibulataim üsna rahuldava fertiilsusega.

Hübriidsibul

Sibula hübriidseemnete (-sortide) sordiaretus sai alguse USA-s 1930. aastatel[97] ja selleks on kasutusel mitmed meetodid, nt 'emasvanema' taimelt eemaldada tolmukatelt õietolm.[98]

Hübriidseemente ja – F1 sortide väljatöötamisel kasutatakse ära ka sibulataime pärilikke tunnuseid – male sterility on taimedel 'päritav emapoolselt'. Need taimeisendid ei moodusta 'toimivat' õietolmu (see sisaldab sugurakke microgametophytes) kuid ei suuda ennast viljastada.

  • Allium cepa 'Albion F1'
  • 'Antelope' F1
  • 'Ayoba'
  • 'Balstar' F1
  • 'Bermuda'
  • 'Blooster' F1
  • 'Bridger' F1 (pikapäeva sibulasort)
  • 'Candy' F1
  • 'Centurion F1'
  • 'Cortland' F1 (pikapäeva sibulasort)
  • 'Creole'
  • 'Dacota' F1
  • 'Damascus' F1
  • 'Delta Giant'
  • 'Divino' F1
  • 'Exacta' F1
  • 'Grano'
  • 'Grateful Red' F1
  • 'Hercules F1'
  • 'Hyred F1'
  • 'Kitami F1' (Kita Wase No.3, Okhotsk No.1, Kita Momiji 2000, Super Kita Momiji)
  • 'Marco F1'
  • 'Marquette' F1
  • 'Musica F1'
  • 'Nerato F1'
  • 'Niagara F1'
  • 'Orizaba' F1
  • 'Patterson' F1 (pikapäeva sibulasort)
  • 'Pontiac' F1 (pikapäeva sibulasort)
  • 'Rantavo F1'[99]
  • 'Red Bull' F1 (pikapäeva sibulasort)
  • 'Red Hawk' F1 (pikapäeva sibulasort)
  • 'Red Zeppelin' F1 (pikapäeva sibulasort)
  • 'Redwing' F1 (pikapäeva sibulasort)

[100]

  • 'Renate F1'
  • 'Sierra Blanca' F1
  • 'Sterling' F1
  • 'Summit F1'
  • 'Super Star-F1'[101]
  • 'Talon F1'.[102]
  • 'Takstar F1' (pikapäeva)
  • 'TEG 502'
  • 'TEG 1015 Y'
  • 'Tioga' F1
  • 'Toluca' F1
  • 'Vares' F1
  • 'Vectra' F1 (pikapäeva) jpt.[103]
Terranova seeds (Austraalia) hübriidsordid (ka -seemned)
  • 'Applause'
  • 'Arni'
  • 'Brunella'
  • 'Buccaneer'
  • 'Cabernet'
  • 'Colossus'
  • 'Cutlass' (pruun) [104]
  • 'Derringer'
  • 'Gabriella'
  • 'Gamay'
  • 'Gladalan Brown'
  • 'Gladiator'
  • 'Goblin'
  • 'Grenade'
  • 'Kauri'
  • 'Kiwi Gold'
  • 'Lightning'
  • 'Lombardi'
  • 'Lucinda'
  • 'Malbec'
  • 'Manuka'
  • 'Mirela'
  • 'Misty'
  • 'Olivine' (pikapäeva) [105]
  • 'Pinotage' (punane)[106]
  • 'Plutonus'
  • 'Python'
  • 'Red Emperor' F1
  • 'Red Star'
  • 'Sirius' (pruun)[107]
  • 'Shinto'
Mitte segi ajada shintoga

  • 'T-418'
  • 'Taipan'
  • 'Terranova M&R Regular Reselected'
  • 'Whitehaven'
  • 'Zircon'.[108]

Geenmuundatud sordid[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

  • Vidalia sibula ('pisaravaba') sordid:
  • 'Georgia Boy'
  • 'Mr. Buck'
  • 'Ohoopee Sweet'
  • 'Sapelo Sweet'
  • 'Miss Megan'
  • 'YG 15082'
  • 'HSX-61304'
  • 'Caramelo'
  • 'Nirvana'
  • 'Sweet Caroline'
  • 'Sweet Melody'
  • 'Sweet Vidalia'
  • 'Sweet Jasper'
  • 'Sweet Harvest'
  • 'XON-403Y'
  • 'Century'
  • 'EX 19013'
  • 'Granex 33'
  • 'Granex Yellow', PRR
  • 'Savannah Sweet'
  • 'Golden Eye'
  • 'Honeycomb'
  • 'Sugar Belle' F1
  • 'Honeybee'
  • 'Candy Ann' (SS 2005)
  • 'WI-129'.

Seminis (Monsanto)[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Seminis (Monsanto) : SV6672NW, SV6646NW, SV4058NU, XP 07716000 ja SV4643NT[109];

Synthetic populations S1[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Sünteetilised sibulasordid:

  • 'Sapporo-Ki-1A&B'
  • 'Onion Haploid-1'.

Eesti sibulakultuur[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Esimesed kirjalikud teated sibulast Eesti aladel pärinevad 13. sajandi lõpust, selle järgi olevat sibulaid koos teiste köögiviljadega siinsetele „paganatele” müünud Saksa ordu.[110]

Pesasibulat hakati Eestis tõenäoliselt sibulakultuurina kultiveerima 18. sajandi lõpul, kui Peipsi järve läänekalda äärsetesse küladesse asusid elama Vene vanausulised. Nemad tõid Venemaalt Penza oblastist Bessonovka külast kaasa sealse kibesibula rahvaselektsioonisordi 'Bessonovski', mis Eesti kliimaoludes hästi kohanes. Pesasibula kasvatamisel, kus mugulaid rohkem kui üks, ongi Eestis suur kultuuriline väärtus just vene vanausulistele.

1920. aastatel saadi suurem osa Eestis tarbitavast sibulast Peipsi äärest ja Setumaalt. Teistes Eesti piirkondades hakkasid eestlased seda köögivilja laiemalt kasvatama 1930. aastatel.

Eesti kliimas on harilik sibul, nii kodusel aiamaal kui sibulapõldudel, valdavalt avamaal kasvav köögiviljakultuur kuid võidakse kasvatada ka kasvuhoonetes.

Richard Klesment kirjutab raamatus "Aiatöö õpetus : köögivilja-, puuvilja- ja marjakasvatus" (1927) sibulakasvatuse kohta järgmist: "Sibul (Allium Cepa.) armastab kergeid (mitte turbasegaseid), liivasegaseid maid; raskes savimulammas kasvavad väikesed ja halvad sibulad. Värsket väetist sibul ei kannata. Sellega võib küll võrdlemisi suuri sibulaid kasvatada, kuid need lähevad kiiresti mädanema. Külvikorras on sibul II ja III rühmas. Kus muld taime toitainetest väga vaene, seal tuleb seda kaali ja vosvorhappe väetistega rikastada, kuna lämmastik tuleb ära jätta. Lisaväetiseks võib kevadel külvata 3 kg supervosvaati ja 3 kg kaalisoola aarile. Koht, kus sibulaid kasvatatakse, peab olema soe ja päikesepaisteline."

Sibulakasvatuses tuleb teha vahet seemnest ja tippsibulast kasvatamise vahel.

Sibula kasvatamine seemnest

Sibulaseeme on peen — 260 tera ühes grammis, sinakasmusta värviga, vängelt lõhnav. Seeme on idanemisjõuline 2–3 aastat. Külviks peaks tarvitama 1-aastast seemet. Seeme tarvitab idanemiseks kaks nädalat aega. Soovitav on seemet aja kokkuhoidmiseks enne külvi niiskes liivas hoida.

Varaste ja suurte sibulate kasvatamiseks tuleb seeme märtsikuu lõpul sõnnikulavasse külvata, kust taimed pärast peenrale ümber istutatakse. Kuid võib ka kohe peenrale külvates söögiks sibulaid kasvatada. Selleks külvatakse, parem idandatud, seeme 20–25 sm kaugustesse ridadesse. Seeme tuleb madalatesse vaokestesse külvata ja päält 1 sm paksuselt mullaga katta.

Ülestõusnud taimi harvendatakse 8–10 sm kaugusele. Sel viisil saadakse kõik suuremad söögiks kõlvulised sibulad. Kui taimi mitte nii harvaks ei kitkuta, siis saadakse osa väikesi sibulaid, mida järgmisel aastal tippsibulatena edasi võib kasvatada.

Lavas kasvatatud taimed istutatakse peenrale 10–15 sm vahedega. Isuttuades peab holitsema, et pisike sibul mitte mulda sügavale ei jääks, vaid parem ainult peened juured mulda saaksid, kuna sibulake maa pääle jöks, Sel puhu langeb istutatud taim kõll kõljeli, kuid kasvatab edaspidi parema sibula kui sügavale istutatud taim. Istutamise järel tuleb kasta.

Hoolitsemine kasvuajal oleks ainult mulla kohendamine. Kastmist sibulad kasvuajal ei vaja. Isesuguseid töid ei ole.

Sibula kasvatamine tippsibulast

Hispaania sibulaid tippsibulate kaudu paljundada ei ole soovitav, need lähevad teisel aastal kergesti õitsema. Selleks on kõige parem harilik väike Vene sibul. Tippsibulate saamiseks külvatakse seeme peenrale. Taimi ei harvendata, sest siis saadakse rohkem väikesi tippsibulaid. Augustikuus surutakse sibulate varred maha, et kasvamine takistatud saaks. On lehed kuivanud, siis võetakse kuiva ilmaga sibulad maast üles ja kuivatatakse neid 3–4 päeva päikese käes. Sellejärele viiakse nad kuhugi tuult läbilaskva ruumi katuse alla kuivama, kust nad alalhoidmiseks kuiva kohta pannakse. Et nad hästi alal hoiduksid, seks suitsetatakse neid 4–5 päeva rehes 300 soojuses. Alalhoidmiseks murtakse sibulate lehed ära. Alalhoidmise ruum peab olema kuiv ja jahe. Aeg-ajalt valitakse kasvama läinud sibulad teiste hulgast välja.

Teisel kevadel pannakse tippsibulad 4–5 realt peenrale 15 sm kaugusele üksteisest maha. Maha pannes surutakse nad ni palju mulda, et sinna istuma jäävad. Sügavale panemine ei ole soovitav. Hoolitsemine nii kui taimest kasvanud sibulate juureski.

Koristamine algab siis, kui lehed kolletama hakkavad. Alalhoidmine on samasugune kui tippsibulate juureski.

Sordid

'Zittau kollane' ja 'Zittau punane', viimasel on punane koor ja seest punaseviiruline. Kasvavad võrdlemisis suureks, laperikud koonusekujulised. Hoiduvad hästi alal.

'Hollandi kollane' ja 'Hollandi punane', samasugused kui eelmisedki, ainult rohkem naerikujulised. Strassburgi sibul on Hollandi sibulale sarnane, ainult vähem. Viimased hoiduvad ka hästi. Madeira sibul on vähe punakas pikergune sibul, ei seisa kaua. Vene sibul on väike kollane ja seisab hästi üle talve. Parem tippsibulast kasvatamiseks.[111]

Peipsi sibul

Peipsi ääres kasvatatav sibul on saanud tuntuks nime ‘Peipsiäärne’ all, see on oma iseloomult agro-ökotüüp ja rahva­selektsioonisort.[112]

Peipsi sibul ehk Peipsi-äärne sibul on Peipsi läänerannikul välja aretatud sibula sordirühm ('Peipsiäärne' ja 'Jõgeva 3') ja esimene kvaliteedikava (toidukvaliteedikava) omav Eesti toidutaim.[113]

Pesasibulal on Eestis kas 3 või 4. aastane seemnekasvatustsükkel:

  • 1. aasta kevadel külvatakse seemned ja sügisel saadakse saagiks sevok ehk tippsibul, tihti kasvab tippsibul esimesel aastal juba nii suureks, et kõlbab söögisibulaks;
  • 2. aasta kevadel istutatakse sevok mulda ja sügisel saadakse saak mis on 2. aasta tippsibul (seemnesibul) ja 1. aasta söögi- ja müügisibul;
  • 3. aasta kevadel istutakse mulda 2. aasta tippsibul (seemnesibul) ja sügisel saadakse saagiks võborka ehk 2. aasta söögi- või ka müügisibul, nende hulgast valitakse välja kõige suuremad võborkad;
  • 4. aasta kevadel pannakse maha suured seemnesibulad (emasibulad) ja nemad kasvatavad putked e õievarred ja saagiks on seemne (nimetatakse värvuse tõttu ka mustaks seemneks).[114][115]

Eesti Statistikaameti andmetel oli meil põllukultuuri (avamaaköögivili) sibulate saak (tuhat tonni) (mugulsibulad) 2005 (2,2), 2006 (2,0), 2007 (1,4), 2008 (2,4), 2009 (1,9), 2010 (2,2), 2011 (1,3), 2012 (2,2), 2013 (1,3) ja 2014 (1,5). Andmetest ei selgu aga kas ja kui suur osakaalu moodustasid Peipsi sibulad.[116]

'Jõgeva 3'
Next.svg Pikemalt artiklis ‘Jõgeva 3’

‘Jõgeva 3’ on Julius Aamisepa ja Valve Jaaguse poolt Jõgeval aretatud sibulasort ja kuulub kibesibulate rühma.

Tema algmaterjal pärineb Peipsi äärest, seetõttu on sordi ‘Jõgeva 3’ kirjeldus ja omadused sarnased praegu Peipsi ääres kasvatatava sibula kirjelduse ja omadustega.

‘Jõgeva 3’ on suurepesaline, pesas harilikult 3–5 sibulat. Sibula kasvamiseks soodsal aastal (kui õhuniiskust on piisavalt) võib peas olla sageli rohkem sibulaid.

Sibula kuju on lapikümar, mass 40–70 g. Kuivsoomuste värv on roosakaskollane, roosakaspruun või kollane.[117]

Kaasajal säilitatakse meil harilikult 1–2,2 cm läbimõõduga tippsibulaid ületalve ja teisel aastal kasvatatakse tippsibulatest tarbesibulad.

Vahel kasutatakse ka terminit valiksibulad, kuna neid valitakse tarbesibula (eelmise aasta saagi) hulgast ja arvatakse, et nen­dest kasvavad suuremad tarbesibulad.

'Jõgeva 3' on geneetilise ressursina kantud Eesti Taimekasvatuse Instituudi geenipanka.

Keemiline koostis ja bioloogilised toimed[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

tõlkida

Taimetoiteelementideks nimetatakse keemilisi elemente, mis on vajalikud taime kasvamiseks ja arenemiseks millele omaste funktsioonide tõttu pole võimalik asendada mõne teise keemilise elemendiga.[118][118]

Hariliku sibula ainevahetuseks ja kasvuks vajalike taimetoiteelementide koostis on varieeruv ja oleneb väga paljudest teguritest, seda mõjutavad ilmastik, mulla toiterežiim, sibulasort, -kasvukoht, agrotehnika ja indiviidi seisund[40] Hariliku sibula keemiline koostis ja bioloogilised toimed pakuvad suurt huvi paljudele erinevaid teadusdistsipliine viljelevatele uurijatele[viide?].

  • Lämmastik (N) on on elaval sibulataimel ensüümide, vitamiinide, klorofülli ja teiste taimemolekulide koostisosa, mis on hädavajalik taime kasvuks ja arenguks.[119]
  • mullapinnas olev ja taimesse liikuv magneesium (Mg) on üsna suurtes kogustes vajalik energia ülekandeks ja valkude sünteesiks, 20–25% kogumagneesiumist paikneb kloroplastides ja see element on väga oluline klorofülli sünteesimiseks.[120]
  • mullapinnas olev ja taimesse liikuv Fosfor (P) on nukleiinhappete (DNA ja RNA) koostisosa ja elemendil on essentsiaalne roll kasvava taime sisesmisel energia ülekandel.[121]
  • mullapinnas olev ja taimesse liikuv väävel (S) on üsna märkismiväärsetes kogustes vajalik klorofülli ja valkude sünteesiks; ensüümide koostis. Väävlist sõltub ka sibula nutmaajav toime.[122];
  • mullapinnas olev ja taimesse liikuv kaalium (K) on osaleb taime kasvu tagamises; sibulamugula tarvis süsivesikute ja suhkrute sünteesis ja transpordis ning valkude sünteesis, ka ioonide tasakaalu ja vee staatuse tagamisel.[123]
  • mullapinnas olev ja taimesse liikuv kaltsium (Ca) on sibularakkudele oluline element, mis osaleb rakuseinte ja -membraanide stabiilsuse tagamisel ja soolatasakaalu tagamisel rakkudes. Kaltsiumil on taimedes teatav signaalmolekuli roll ja hormoonilaadsed toimed. Klorofülli molekulis on ta teiste elementidega koos. Kaltsium aktiveerib kaaliumi ja reguleerib seega ka õhulõhede avanemist ja sulgumist. Kaltsium soodustab õietolmu idanemist; reguleerib mitmeid ensüümisüsteeme, stiumuleerib ensüümi calmoldulin ja mõjutab ksüleemi ja floeemi kasvu ja elulisust.[124]


Sibulas leiduvad ained (kogused ppm kui ei ole märgitud teisiti)
  • (+)L-S-Prop-1-enyl-cysteine-s-oxide: 25.8
  • 1(F)-beta-fructosyl-sucrose
  • 2-Methyl-but-2-en-1-al
  • 2-Methyl-butyr-2-aldehyde
  • 3-Indolylacetic acid (auksiin, auksiini biosüntees, auksiini puudus)
  • 4-Alpha-methyl-zymostenol
  • 4-Hydroxy-Benzoic-Acid
  • 4-S-Oxide(trans)dec-2-ene,5-ethyl-4,6,7-Trithia (diastereomer)
  • 4-S-Oxide(trans)dec-2-ene,5-ethyl-4,6,7-trithia
  • 4-S-Oxide(trans/cis)deca-2,8-diene,5-ethyl-4,6,7-thithia (diastereomer)
  • 4-S-Oxide(trans/trans) deca-2,8-diene,5-ethyl-4,6,7-thithia (diastereomer)
  • 4-S-Oxide(trans/trans)deca-2,8-diene,5-ethyl-4,6,7-thithia6(G)-Beta-fructosyl-sucrose
  • '4,5-Dihydro-4,5-dimethylfuran-2(3H)-one'
  • 2,3-Dimethyl-bicyclo(2,2,1)hexane-5-oxide-5,6-dithia(1,2,3,4-alpha-5-beta)
  • 2,3-Dimethyl-thiophene
  • 2,4-Dimethyl-thiophene
  • 24-Methylene cycloartanol
  • 28-Iso-fucosterol
  • 31-Nor-cycloartenol
  • 31-Nor-lanostenol
  • 9,10,13-Trihydroxy-octadec-11-enoic acid
  • 9,12,13-Trihydroxy-octadec-10-enoic acid
  • A-vitamiin
  • Abscisic acid
  • Acetal
  • Acetic acid
  • adenosiin
  • alaniin
  • allitsiini
    sibularakud sisaldavad tervel sibulal alliini; allitsiin tekib sibulakudede muljumise ja nende vastu puutimsie toimel alliini hüdrolüüsi tulemusel mitemte ensüümide toimle; peetakse väga tugeva bakteritsiidse toimega lenduvaks antibiootikumiks, mis evib inimkehas mitmeid toimeid. Kandili jt (1987) arvates soodustab allitsiin fagotsüütiliste rakkude ja loomulike tappurrakude aktiivsust ja inhibeerib patogeensete mikroorganismide ja teatud vähirakkude kasvu.
  • Alliin gamma-glutamyl-peptide
  • alliin
    on termolabiilne ensüüm, allitsiini eelkursor;

paikneb sibularakkudes; allinaasid osalevad taime kaitsel herbivoorsete organismide eest (plant's defense against herbivores; host-plant resistance (HPR)) (putukad, inimene) vabastatakse see aine rakust, et saaks moodustuda sööjaid pisutki häiriv 'keemiline kaitse',

  • Allium cepa polysaccharide
  • Allyl-Methyl-Disulfide
  • Allylmethylsulfide
  • Allyl-Propenyl-Disulfide
  • Allyl-propyl-disulfide
  • Alpha amyrin
  • Alpha linolenic acid
  • Alpha-sitosterol
  • Alpha-Tocopherol
  • alumiinium
  • amylases (ensüümid); eriti rohkelt seemne idanemisprotsessi ajal; muudavad tärklise glükoosiks;(α -amylase EC. 3.2.1.1)
  • apigeniin (flavonoid)
  • Anthocyanin
  • Arabinose
  • Arachic-Acid
  • arginiin
  • Arsenic  
  • askorbiinhape
    orgaaniline hape mida leidub kõikide taimede[125] rakkudes, nii tsütosoolis, kloroplastides, vakuoolides, mitokondrites kui ka rakuseinas. Selle roll sibulataime kasvus ja arengus ei ole seni teada, arvatakse et nimetatud hape käitub antioksüdandina ja selle tase varieerub nii kasvuaasta kui sordi lõikes, Poolas 2006–2007 läbi viidud väliekperimendi käigus mõõdeti 10 erineva sordi värske sibula C-vitamiini sisaldust ja see varieerus 6,2 kuni 9,0 mg 100 g-1.[126] inimesed saavad askorbiinhapet toiduga ja neil loetakse C-vitamiin on bioaktiivsels essentsiaalseks biomikromolekuliks mis liigitatakse vesilahustuv vitamiin ja antioksüdantide hulka. C-vitamiini täielik puudumine (ka bioaktiivsuse minetanuna) toidus või kestev defitsiit võib organismile kahjulik ning koguni ohtlik olla, põhjustades haiguslikke seisundeid nagu skorbuut (ingl k scurvy), periodontiit (hambajuureümbrisepõletik), müokardi infarkt ja kroonilised südamehaigused.[127],
  • ash
  • asparagine 

asparagine synthetase (ensüüm)

  • Aspartic acid
  • B1-vitamiin
  • B2-vitamiin
  • B3-vitamiin
  • B4-vitamiin
  • B5-vitamiin
  • B6-vitamiin
  • baarium (järjenumber 56)
  • Benzyl-iso-thiocyanate
  • beetakaroteen
  • beetasitosterool
  • Beta-Tocopherol
  • boor : (keemiline element järjenumbriga 5) mullas oleva ja taimesse liikuva boori roll hariliku sibula elutsüklis pole selge. Arvatakse, et see element on väga väikestes kogustes (mikrotoitaine) oluline süsivesikute metabolismil, ensüümide toimimisel ja valgusünteesis, rakuseina moodustamisel, RNA metabolismil, hingamisel ja membraani funktsioonides, boor osaleb ka kaltsiumi ringluses. Selle elemendi puudus võib sibulataimel booripuudust põhjustada[128]; boori võidakse manustada taimele ka boori sisaldavate kunstväetiste näol[129]; Allium cepa katsetaimel segas manustatud boor normaalset rakutsüklit ja DNA biosünteesi ning evis genotoksilisi toimeid[130] toidus toimed inimeste mineral metabolism 'ile, peaajule, ja immuunvastustele ja endokriinsüsteemile jpm; esineb booripuudust, boorimürgistust;
  • broom (järjenumber 35)
  • Butane-cis-1-cis-4-dithial-S-S-dioxide,2,3-dimethyl
  • C-Flavonol Glycoside
  • Caffeic acid
  • calcium acetate
  • calcium nitrate
  • Calcium oxalate
  • calcium phosphate
  • Campesterol
  • Catechol
  • Cepaene 1
  • Cepaene 2-A
  • Cepaene 2-B
  • Cepaene 3
  • Cepaene 4-A
  • Cepaene 4-B
  • Cholest-7-en-3-beta-ol
  • kolesterool
  • Cis-Propanethial-s-oxide
  • Cis-zweibelane
  • Cyanidin bioside
  • Cyanidin diglycoside
  • Cyanidin monoglycoside
  • Cyanidin-3-O-laminariobioside
  • Cyclo-(2,1,1)-heptane-5-oxide,cis-2,3-dimethyl-5,6-dithia
  • Cyclo-(2,1,1)-heptane-5-oxide,trans-2,3-dimethyl-5,6-dithia
  • Cycloalliin
  • Cycloartanol
  • Cycloartenol
  • Cycloeucalenol
  • Cysteine
  • Diallyl-Disulfide
  • Diallyl-Trisulfide
  • Di-n-propyl-disulfide
  • Dimethyl-Disulfide
  • Dimethyl-trisulfide
  • Diphenylamine
  • Dipropyl-Disulfide
  • Dipropyltetrasulfide
  • Dipropyl-Trisulfide essential oil
  • DNA
  • E-vitamiin
  • eeterlik õli
  • elavhõbe (järjenumber 80)
  • etanool
  • etüleen
  • fenüülalaniin
  • Ferulic acid
  • flavonoide
    sünteesivad sibulataime rakud kaitseks UV-kiirguse ja rakusisesese vesinikperoksiidi eest. Flavonoide leidub ohtralt sibula soomustes ja arvatakse, et need ühendid tagavad nende värvuse. Flavonoididele omistatakse osade teadlaste poolt mitmeid inimese füsioloogiat turgutavaid toimeid. Kaubandusvõrgus müüdavate dehüdreeritud sibulatoodete flavonoolisisaldus varieerub, see on kas madal või puudub. Testiti nelja Korea kommerts-sibulamugula varieteeti ja sibula flavonoidide kadu oli (%): praadimisel 33; hautamisel 21; keetmisel 14–20; aurutamisel 14; mikros 4; küpsetamise järgselt 0.[131]
  • fluor (järjenumber 9)
  • foolhape
  • fosfor (järjenumber 15)
  • fruktoos
  • fumaric acid (orgaaniline hape)
  • fütohormoon (sarnaneb insuliiniga)  
  • Gamma-gultamyl leucine
  • Gamma-glutamyl-S-(Beta-carboxy-Beta-methyl-ethyl)-cysteinyl glycine
  • Gamma-L-glutamyl cysteine
  • Gamma-L-glutamyl-L-iso-leucine
  • Gamma-L-glutamyl-L-valine
  • Gamma-L-glutamyl-S-(2-carboxy-N-propyl)cysteine
  • Gamma-L-glutamyl-S-(2-carboxy-propyl)-L-cysteinyl glycine ethyl ester
  • Gamma-L-glutamyl-S-propenyl cysteine sulfoxide
  • Gibberellic acid
  • Glucofructan (Allium cepa)
  • Glucuronic acid
  • glükoos
  • Glutamine
  • glutamiinhape
  • glutatioon
  • Glycine
  • Glycolic acid
  • Gramisterol
  • Histidine
  • hõbe (järjenumber 47)
  • Isoleucine
  • Iso-quercitrin
  • Iso-rhamnetin 4’-O-beta-D-glucoside
  • Iso-rhamnetin
  • jood (järjenumber 53)
  • kaadmium
  • kaalium (järjenumber 19)
  • Kaempferol-3,4’-di-O-beta-D-glucoside
  • Kaempferol-4’,7-di-O-beta-D-glucoside
  • Kaempferol-4’-0-beta-D-glucoside
  • katalaas (ensüüm: CAT, EC. 1.11.1.6),
  • kempferool
    (flavonoid) sibulas (Bulbus Allii Cepae) ja sibulapealsetes[132]) leiduv kempferool on flavonoid. Inimkehas evivate toimete kaudu liigitatakse antioksüdantide hulka ja omistatakse teatavad tervistavad väited: teatud vähitüüpide ja põletiku vastane toime,
  • kiudaineid
  • kloori (Cl) (järjenumber 17) mullas oleva ja taimesse liikuva kloori ülesanded taime arengus pole selged, osade uurijate arvates võib kloor mikrotoitainena essentsiaalne olla[133] kuid suuremates kogustes taimetoksiinina toimida, teiste arvates on kloor vajalik sibulamugula moodustamiseks; kloori võidakse manustada taimele ka kunstväetiste näol; kloor on taimes kloriidioonina (Cl-) ja see on vajalik mitmete ensüümide toimimisel nagu asparagine synthetase, amylase, ATPase ja mitmete fotosünteesis osalevate ensüümide aktivatsioonil; akumuleerub tonoplasti; esineb klooripuudust, mille vastu kasutatakse spetsiifilisi kunstväetisi, ja kloorimürgistust;
  • koobalt
  • kroom
  • ksülitool
  • ksüloos
  • kvetsetiin
    (flavonoid, sisaldus 0,01-4, 8%) toimib taimedes taimehormooni auksiini polaarse transpordi pärssijana. Sibulas (nii mugulasibulas kui sibulapealsetes) leiduv kvertsetiin (toiduga saadava kvertsetiini) liigitatakse antioksüdant|antioksüdantide hulka ja sellele omistatakse inimkeha jaoks teatavad tervistavad väited: toimib allergia, astma, teatud vähitüüpide, diabeetiliste komplikatsioonide, goat 'i, neurodegeneratiivsete haiguste , osteoporoosi[134] ja eesnäärmepõletiku korral[135]. Kvertsetiinile omistatakse ka närvikudesid stimuleeriv toime (tunduvalt nõrgem kui kofeiinil) ja arvatakse, et kvertsetiin osaleb maksa ja pankrease talitluse taastamisel kuid selle täpseid mehhanisme seni ei tunta. Katsetes on ainel tuvastatud ka ebasoovitavaid toimeid: laborihiirtele ja -rottidele mürgistav, suukaudne keskmine surmav annus (LD50) on ligi 160 mg/kg, loomkatsetes on avaldanud osadele katsealustele kantserogeenset toimet.[136]
  • L-2-Propenyl-cysteine sulfoxide
  • L-Gamma-glutamyl-phenylalanine ethyl ester
  • L-Gamma-glutamyl-phenylalanine
  • Gamma-L-glutamyl-L-arginine
  • L-Methyl-cysteine sulfoxide
  • lektiinide
    osalevad putukate, nematoodide rünnakute korral sibulataime terviklikkuse kaitsel esimese rea molekulidena, kuid neid ei liigitata immuunkaitse hulka, kuid nende toimine meenutab antikehade toimimist, need on sekundaarsed metaboliidid mis liigitatakse valkude ja glükoproteiinide hulka, kuna need seovad sibularaku pinnal spetsiifiliselt mannoosi (süsivesik), sibulalektiin 'seondub' (aglutinatsioon) küüliku kuid mitte inimese erütrotsüütidega.[137]
  • Leutein: 0,02
  • leutsiin
  • linoleic acid
  • liitium (järjenumber 3)
  • luteiin
  • lämmastik (järjenumber 7)
  • lüsiin
  • magneesium
  • mangaan (Mn) (järjenumber 25) mullas oleva ja taimesse liikuva mangaani (divalentse ioonina, Mn(2+)) ülesanded taime arengus pole selged, arvatakse et mangaan on vajalik klorofülli sünteesiks ja rakkude oxide-reduction reactions ites ning osaleb valgusünteesis ja metabolismil, aktiveerib rasvadega seotud ensüüme ja malic enzyme systemi; osaleb askorbiinhappe, B2-vitamiini ja karoteeni moodustamisel Selle elemendi puudus võib sibulataimel mangaanipuudust[138]

mille vastu kasutatakse spetsiifilisi kunstväetisi, ja ülekülluse korral mangaanimürgistust; The Allium cepa testi katsetaimedele erinevates kogustes manustatud MnSO4 evis märkismisväärseid mutageenilisi toimeid juure meristemaatilistele rakkudele[139]; inimesel on essentsiaalne bioloogiline kofaktor, aktiveerib malic enzyme systemi ja toimib närvide toksikandina (neurotoxicant toksiline ühend, mis võib kahjustada kesknärvisüsteemi), elemendi tasakaalutusega seostatakse inimestel parkinsonismi ja Huntingtoni tõbe[140],

  • melatoniin: 31,5 pcg/gm
  • metanool
  • Methionine methylsulfonium salt
  • Methionine sulfone
  • metioniin
  • Methyl, 1-(methyl-sulfinyl)-propyl-disulfide
  • Mevalonic acid: 0,5
  • Methyl-Propyl-Disulfide
  • Methyl-Trans-Propenyl-Disulfide
  • mineraalsoolasid
  • molübdeen
    (Mo)(järjenumber 42) mullas ja taimes liikuva taimetoitelemendi (mikroelement)[118] molübdeeni (MoO42−) roll hariliku sibula elutsüklis pole selge, leidub kõikides kudedes[141]; arvatakse mõjutavat taimes süsivesikute ja lämmastiku ainevahetust ning nitraatide omastamist, kiirendab taime ja soodutab mügarbakterite arengut[118], Seda vajavad ensüümid nitrate reductase (raua-väävli molübdeeni flavoproteiin), xanthine dehydrogenase (XDH; EC 1.2.1.37), aldehyde oxidase (AO; EC 1.2.3.1) ja sulphite oxidase ja osaleb L-askorbiinhape (C-vitamiin) ja hormoonide biosünteesis. Selle elemendi puudus, adekvaatseks peetakse sisaldust .15-.30 ppm[142] võib sibulataimel molübdeenipuudust põhjustada, mille teraapiaks kasutatakse spetsiifilisi väetisi, ja ülekülluse korral molübdeenimürgistust. Molübdeen inimkehas aga soodustab reaktiivsete hapniku osakeste tekkel ja seda seostatakse mitmete patoloogiliste seisunditega,
  • Monounsaturated Fatty Acid
  • müristhape (rasvhape) 14:0
  • naatrium (järjenumber 11)
  • nikkel (järjenumber 28)
  • N-Propyl mercaptan
  • Nonadecanoic acid
  • Octanal
  • Oleanolic acid
  • Oleic acid
  • Onion coat colorant
  • Organosulphur compounds (OSCs)
  • Oxalic acid (orgaaniline hape)
  • Palmitic acid
  • Para-coumaric acid
  • Para-hydroxybenzoic acid
  • P-Cymene
  •  pektiin
  • Pelargonidin monoglycoside
  • Pentosan
  • peroksidaas
    (ensüüm: POD, EC. 1.11.1.7)[143], juveniilsetel sibulatel peroksidaas juurekoe tsütoplasmas ja täiskasvanud sibulatel rakuseinas;
  • keemiliste pestiitsiidide (herbitsiidid (mürgid taimede vastu),

fungitsiidid (mürgid seente vastu), insektitsiidid (mürgid putukate vastu), bakteritsiidid (mürgid bakterite vastu), nematotsiidid (mürgid ümarusside vastu, näiteks Aldicarb) jm) ülejäägid mullas ja taimes

  • Phloroglucinol carboxylic acid: 100
  • Phloroglucinol: 100
  • P-Hydroxy-Benzoic-Acid
  • Phytosterol
  • Plastocyanin (valk, vasega seotud)
  • plii
    (järjenumber 82), The Allium cepa testi katsetaimedele erinevates kogustes manustatud Pb(NO3)2 evis märkismisväärseid mutageenilisi toimeid juure meristemaatilistele rakkudele[144]
  • polüsahhariide
  • Proline
  • Propionaldehyde
  • Prop-cis-enyl-disulfide
  • Prop-(trans)-enyl propyl-trisulfide
  • Propan-1-ol
  • Propane-1-thiol (maitse)
  • Propional
  • Propionaldehyde
  • Prostaglandin A
  • Prostaglandin A-1
  • Prostaglandin B
  • Prostaglandin E-1
  • Prostaglandin F
  • Protocatechuic acid: 0,45% (orgaaniline hape)
  • protease (ensüüm); eriti rohkelt seemne idanemisprotsessi ajal, konverteerivad valke aminohapeteks;
  • Pyrocatechol
  • Pyruvic acid
  • Polyunsaturated fat
  • rasvained
  • raud
    (Fe) (järjenumber 26) mullas ja taimes liikuv raud (kas Fe2+ (ferro) või raud(III)ioon (katioon) (ferri)) on taimetoiteelement, mis väikestes kogustes (poolmikroelement)[118] on asendamatu katalüsaator klorofülli moodustumisel[118], osaleb fotosünteesis, sisaldub valgukompleksides (tsütokroomid, peroksidaas, katalaas). Sibula organite rauasisaldus on varieeruv ja oleneb sordist ja paljudest teistest teguritest, nii mõõdeti ühes katses sibulamugula rauasisalduseks 0,04, juureosal 1.,3 ja välimisel soomuskihil 1,00.[145] Selle elemendi puudus võib sibulataimel rauapuudust põhjustada,[146] mille teraapiaks kasutatakse spetsiifilisi väetisi, ja ülekülluse korral rauamürgistust. Inimkehas on raud tihedalt seotud hapnikuga, esineb ferro ja ferrina ning on heemi tähtsaim komponent; esineb heemproteiinide (Hb, Mb, cyt, CAT, peroksüdaasid, NOS, MPO, guanülaadi tsüklaas jt) heemis aga ka mitteheemsetes valkudes (transferriin, ferritiin, Fe-väävel, Pro hüdroksülaas, ribonukleotiidi reduktaas, mitemd redoks-ensüümid, prostaglandiini süntetaas jt)[147]
  • rutiin (flavonoid)
  • räni (järjenumber 14)
  • Quercetin-3,4’-di-O-Beta-D-glucoside
  • Quercetin-4’,7-di-O-Beta-D-glucoside
  • Quercetin-4-di-O-Beta-D-glucoside
  • Raffinose
  • Rhamnose
  • Ribose
  • RNA
  • Rubidium
  • Rutin
  • S-(2-Carboxy-propyl) glutathione: 125mcg/g
  • S-(beta-carboxy-beta-methyl-L-ethyl)cysteine
  • S-1-cis-propenyl ester methyl sulfinothioic acid
  • S-1-Cis-propenyl ester propyl sulfinothioic acid
  • S-1-Propenyl ester n-propyl sulfinothioic acid(cis)
  • S-1-Propenyl ester n-propyl sulfinothioic acid(trans)
  • S-1-Trans-propenyl ester methyl sulfinothioic acid
  • S-1-Trans-propenyl ester propyl sulfinothioic acid
  • S-Allyl-cysteine
  • S-Methyl-cysteine sulfoxide
  • S-N-Propyl ester N-propyl sulphinothioic acid
  • S-Propyl ester propyl sulfinothioic acid
  • S-Propyl-cysteine sulfoxide
  • Saponins
  • Satiomem
  • Saturated fatty acid
  • seleen
    (Se) (järjenumber 34) mullas, vees, õhus ja taimes liikuva seleeni (selenate SeO42− ja selenite SeO32−) roll hariliku sibula elutsüklis pole selge, arvatakse, et see taimetoiteaine (mikroelement)[118] toimib katalüsaatorina, liigub juurtesse ja edasi mugulasse. Sibula seleenisisaldus ja -ringlus on varieeruv ja oleneb paljudest teguritest. Seleeni puudumine või liig väike kogus võib seleenipuudust põhjustada, mille teraapiaks kasutatakse spetsiifilisi väetisi, ja ülekülluse korral seleenimürgistust. Seleeni võidakse kasvu ajal lisada ka selleks, et mitmekordselt kõrgem seleenisisaldus (seleeniga rikatatud sibulad)[148] aitaks selle sööja füsiolooiat aktiivselt mõjutada. Seleen on inimkehas essentsiaalne element ja sellel on oluline roll [[[lihas]]]te (sh südamelihase) düsfunktsionaalsuse ära hoidmisel, ateroskleroosi ja artriidi ennetamisel, immuunsüsteemi talitluses ja tagab hormonaalse tasakaalu ning võib uuringute alusel osaleda mitmete vähivormide, nagu eesnäärmevähk, ennetamisel[149],
  • selenoamino acid (SeMet ja Se-MeSeCys)
  • seriin
  • sidrunhape (orgaaniline hape)
  • Sinapic acid
  • Sodium prop-(cis)-1-enyl-thiosulfate
  • Sodium prop-(trans)-1-enyl-thiosulfate
  • Sodium propyl-thiosulfate
  • spiraeosiid: 1,13% (flavonoid)
  • Stearic acid
  • Stigmasterol
  • strontsium (järjenumber 38)
  • Succinic acid
  • sukroos
  • suhkrud (mannoos, galaktoos)
  • sulphur-containing oil
  • Superoxide Dismutase (SOD, EC1.15.1.1)
  • Tanning agents
  • thiopropionaldehyde
  • Thiopropanal-S-oxide ('lachrymator)
  • Thiopropional-S-oxide
  • titaan
    (järjenumber 22) titaandioksiid
    (keemiline valem TiO2) võib laboritestide põhjal olla Allium cepa seemikute jaoks toksiline[150];
  • treoniin
  • trigonelline
  • trüptofaan
    (biosüntees kloroplastides; ensüümid:Indole-3-glycerol phosphate synthase (EC:4.1.1.48) (IGPS); tryptophan synthase); sibula seemiku biotestis: antimutageenne, miootilise aktiivsuse inhibiitor)[151];
  • tseesium
    (Cs) (järjenumber 55)

ja selle radioaktiivne isotoop 137Cs, mis köitis erilist avalikkuse tähelepanu, kui see Tšernobõli katastroofi tulemusena 26. aprillil 1986 suures koguses keskkonda sattus pole usutavasti essentsiaalne sibulataime toiteaine, aine liigub taimesse juurte kaudu ja edasi arvatavasti sibula lehtedesse ja nende poolt transporditakse koos hädavajalike toiteainetega sibulamugulasse.[152]; radioaktiivne tseesiumisotoobi 137Cs toimed inimkehas pole selged, pärast Tšernoboli katastroofi põhjustas selle ladestumine kehas esimesel kolmel kuul keskmise efektiivse doosi 0,6 μSv ühe täiskasvanud inimese kohta (Saksamaal).[153]

  • tsink
    (Zn) (järjenumber 30) mullapinnas oleva ja taimesse liikuva tsingi (Zn2+) roll hariliku sibula elutsüklis pole selge. Arvatakse, et see taimetoiteaeine (mikroelement) on väga väikestes kogustes oluline sibulaseemne idanemisel, mitmete metaboolsete protsesside ja nendega seotud ensüümide tegevusel, kuulub kloroplastide koosseisu, reguleerib aminohapete sünteesi ja kiirendab taime kasvu[118]. Sibula tsingisisaldus on varieeruv ja oleneb paljudest teguritest. Ühes katses mõõdeti sibula juureosa tsingisisalduseks 0,09±0,02 ja ja välimisel soomuskihil 0,03±0,01.[154] Selle puudus või fosfori kõrge sisaldus võib tsingipuudust põhjustada [155], mille teraapiaks kasutatakse spetsiifilisi väetisi, ja ülekülluse korral tsingimürgistust. Tsingil on inikehas oluline roll Lümfoid(-immuun)süsteem arengus ja immuunsuse tagamisel.[156],
  • tsirkoonium (järjenumber 40)
  • tsüsteiin
  • türosiin
  • valiin
  • Vanillic-Acid
  • vask
    (Cu) (järjenumbrer 29) mullas ja taimes liikuv vask (peamiselt divalentse katioonina (Cu2+)) on taimetoiteelement, mida seostatakse ligniini sünteesi ja klorofülli 'säilitamisega', fotosünteesis ja hingamises katalüsaatorina, süsivesikute ja lämmastiku ning valkude metabolismiga ja A-vitamiini sünteesiga, vask on mitme ensüümisüsteemi koostises, mis kompekteerivad aminohappeid valkudeks. Selle elemendi puudus võib sibulataimel vasepuudust põhjustada[157] mille vastu kasutatakse mulla ja taimede tarvis spetsiifilisi väetisi[158], ja ülekülluse korral vasemürgistust (mille toime kestab aastaid); inimene saab vaske toiduga ja seda leidub kõikides kudedes, kuid eriti peaajus (basal ganglia, hipokampuses, väikeajus, arvukates synaptic membranes, ja cell bodies of cortical pyramidal ja cerebellar granular neuronites. Kesknärvisüsteemis leiduvad ensüümid mis vasega seotud tyrosinase, peptidylglycine α-amidating mono-oxygenase, copper/zinc superoxide dismutase, ceruloplasmin, hephaestin, dopamine-β-hydoxylase, ja cytochrome c oxidase. Vaske soestatakse inimestel mitmete haiguslike seisunditega aceruloplasminemia, Alzheimeri tõbi, amüotroofne lateraalskleroos, Huntingtoni tõbi, Menkes'i tõbi, occipital horn syndrome, Parkinsoni tõbi, prion disease ja Wilsoni tõbi[159],
  • vesi
  • viinhape (orgaaniline hape)
  • väävel (järjenumber 16)
  • õunhape (orgaaniline hape)
  • Zeaxanthin.[160]


Hariliku sibula lõhn ja 'nutma ajav' toime[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Alliin puutub mugula peenestamisel kokku allinaasiga ja lagundatakse ensüümide toimel kiiresti allitsiiniks.[41]

Pikka aega arvati, et mugulsibula lõikamisel vastu tuleva sibula lachrymatory factor 'i (tiopropanaal-S-oksiid) jaoks piisab allinaasist, kuid uuemate uuringute alusel on osutunud vajalikuks vakuoolis paiknev valk lachrymatory-factor synthase[161].

Tiopropanaal-S-oksiid mõjub paljude inimeste silmadele ärritavalt, maandudes silmamuna katval eesmisel läbipaistval osal ehk sarvkestal tuvastab selle närvisüsteem ja käivitab, ärritaja lahjendamiseks, silmade pilgutamise ja pisaravedeliku rohkenemise.[162]

Geenilaboreis püütakse 'igavesti õrna' ja 'mitte-nutma-ajava' geneetiliselt modifitseeritud sibulasordi aretamiseks vaigistada geeni lachrymatory factor synthase[163].

Sibul (ravimtaim)[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Vanad roomlased kasutasid sibulateraapiat mitmete seisundite ravis, Plinius Vanema "Loodusloos" (Naturalis historia) olevat sibulaid kasutatud koerahammustuse, suuhaavandite ja alopeetsia korral.[164]

Inglise botaanik, arst ja astroloog Nicholas Culpeper (1616–1654) arvas oma 1653. aastal avaldatud raamatus "Culpeper's Complete Herbal, and English Physician ... To which is annexed ..." sibulaid Marsile kuuluvaiks ja tema voorusteks omadust igatsorti 'korruptsiooni' ligi tõmmata, kui neid üks koorida ja sitahunniku otsa panna siis tõmbab ta 'roiskumise' endasse juba poole päevaga; kui teda mudida ja asetada katkukoldele (plague sore) on tõenäoline, et ta toimib sellel sarnaselt. Nad stimuleerivad isu, tekitavad janu, kergendavad seedimist, kutsuvad naistel esile menstruatsiooni, aitavad 'hullu koera' puremise korral ja ka teiste mürgiste loomade vastu, koos mee ja rukkiga rohkendavad seemnevedelikku, eriti seemneid neis. Sibul tapab lastel usse, kui nad joovad paastumise peale vedelikku milles on sibulaid üleöö hoitud. Kaapides suure sibula seest õõnaks, täites selle siirupiga, küpsetades sütel ja eemaldades pealmised kihid ning segades massiks saadakse universaalne salv katkupaisete või haavandite korral. Sibulamahl on hea tulekahju, kuuma vee või püssirohu tagajärjel tekkinud villidele või põletushaavadele. Sibulamahl koos äädikaga eemaldab nahalt vistrikud, vanadusplekid. Tilgutatuna kõrva vähendab valu ja sellega kaasnevaid 'hääli'.[165]

Inglise botaanik John Hill (1714–1775) kirjeldas oma 1751. aastal välja antud raamatu "A history of the materia medica. Containing descriptions of all the substances used in medicine" 35. peatükis Cepa sibula välimust ja kasutamist medistiinilisteks otstarveteks : kurtuse, kiilaspäisuse, astma jt seisundite korral kas kuuma auruvanni, sibulasiirupi või alkhoholitinktuurina. Tema järgi oli cepa üks Linnaeuse Hexandria Monogynia [166] test.[167]

Inglise arst George Motherby (1732–1793) ei peatunud oma 1795. aastal välja antud raamatus sibulataime botaanilisel kirjeldusel pikalt kuna kasvatuse eesmärgiks oli peamiselt keedetud mugul, sibula tarbimine võib põhjustada puhitust, janu ja peavalu, kuid võiks sobida flegmaatilise temperamendiga inimestele; on soojendav, verd vedeldav, röga lahtistav ja uriinieritust soodustav ning dissolving gravelly concretions. Võimsalt antiseptiline, ja tuumoritele pannes suppurating. Aktiivseim osa on juur: kuid aktiivsus kaob kuivatamisel, veega destilleerides taastuvad kibedus ja maitse.[168]

Sibulaid olevat Ameerika kodusõja (1861–1865) ajal sõdurite tulirelvahaavade ravimiseks nõudnud ka kindral Ulysses Simpson Grant.[169][170]

Šoti arsti William Culleni (1710–1790) arvates muutub sibula purustamisel tekkiv lenduv kooslus õhuga kokkupuutel (on püsimatu) nii, et tema ei oskaks sellele küll medistsiinilist väärtust omistada kuid sissesööduna võib sibul soodustada uriini eritumist, seedimist. Cullen uskus aga, et sibulamahla kõrva tilgutamine võib aidata kurtuse korral.[171]

Ravimtaimena taimeravis

Rahvameditsiinis kasutatakse sibulat väga mitmesuguste haiguste, nagu hingamisteede katarride, ateroskleroosi, kõrgvererõhutõve jpt terviserikete ning vaevuste profülaktikas ja ravimisel.


Vigala Sassi taimeravis[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Crystal Clear app virusblue.pngSiin tutvustatakse ravimit või ravimeetodit, kuid kirjutatu pole arstlik nõuanne ning see ei asenda arsti konsultatsiooni. Vikipeedia ei vastuta iseravimise tagajärgede eest.


Vigala Sassi taimeravis soovitab koduseks raviks tarvitada harilikku sibulat (rohelisi pealseid, õisikuid ja mugulat) ja talisibulat kuivatult, külmutatult, küpsetatult ja värskelt.

Koduse ravi kasutusaladeks on pakutud sääskede ja kihulaste pistete sügelus; aeglane seedimine; kõhukinnisus; erektsiooninõrkus; hingamisteede äge põletik; isutus; külmetushaigused; köha; kurguvalu; liigesepõletik; reumaatiline põletik; nina- ja suukoopa limaskestapõletik; podagravalu. Kasutatakse ka kiilaspäisuse ja skleroosi ennetamiseks, sugutungi suurendamiseks, kõhuusside väljutamiseks ja suhkrutõve erivormide korral antiseptilise verepuhastina. Antiseptilise toime tõttu küpsetatult ka paisete, umbesoleku, furunkulite, karvanääpsude mädase põletiku ja sügeliste korral.[172]

Aleksander Heitalu: "Sassi raviraamat 3. Ravimine ravimtaimedega 6." harilik sibul retseptides (osaline) :

  • sapilise maksapõletiku ravimtee koostises Allium c. cortex (00820.10),
  • leevendusmäärded ohatise puhul – Allium c. cortex (00835.02),
  • määrded higinäärmete põletiku puhul – õlimäärde koostises oleum Cepae cortex (00837.03),
  • ristluuvalu; nimmevalu – tee koostises Allium c.cortex (00838.07)
  • nimme-ristluu valudel kastatavad määrded – välispidise määrde koostises Allium c. cortex (00839.11)
  • vesimunand – tee koostises – Allium c. cortex (00853.09); palavikuga Allium c. cortex (00853.15),
  • neitsinahapõletik – määrde koostises – Allium c. cortex (00856.04),
  • nõrgenenud sugutung (Hypaphrodisia) korral ei ole sibul otseselt ravim, kui seda aga päeval süüa siis fütontsiidide toimel ärritub kusekanal ja suguti jäigastub öösel – ravimtee koostises – Allium c. bulbus (00858.01),
  • liigkolesteriinveresuse puhul kasutatavad teed – tee koostises Allium c. cortex (00869.15),
  • jõunõrkus (Hypodynamia) – ravimtee koostises Allium c. cortex (00883.02),
  • soomustõvel (Ichtyosis) kasutatavate naha määrete koostises Allium c. cortex (00892.01),
  • katarraalse kollatõve (Icterus catarrhalis) – ravimtee koostises ka lastele Allium c. cortex (00894.10);(00894.11),
  • nugiussiline soolesulgus (Ileus verminosus) – ravimtee koostises ka lastele Allium c. cortex (00907.11),
  • mädavill-lööve (Impetigo), lihtne mädavill-lööve (impetigo simplex) ravimtee koostises Allium c. cortex (00908.23),
  • korduvate mädavillide tekkimise ärahoidmiseks -ravimtee koostises Allium c. cortex (00909.04), ka lastele Allium c. cortex (00909.10); (00909.17),
  • ravimkompressid ja mähised, kui mädaville on mõnel kehaosal või kogu kehal massiliselt – määrdeõli koostises Allium c. cortex (00910.11),
  • mädavill-lööbel kasutatavad antiseptilised vannid – taimetõmmise koostises Allium c. cortex (00912.05),
  • teed kärbseseene mürgistusel – tee koostises koostises Allium c. cortex (00927.02),
  • veresooni tugevdavad ja regeneratsiooni tugevdavad ravimteed seenemürgistuse järgseks kasutamiseks – ravimtee koostises Allium c. cortex (00928.06),
  • sapipeetus (Ishocholia) – ravimtee koostises Allium c. cortex (00939.10),
  • sarvkestapõletik (keratitis) – antiseptiliste teede (loputusvedelikud) koostises Allium c. cortex (00945.07),
  • bakteritsiidsed ravimteed loputuseks (tee 1-1,5% soolalahusena) – ravimtee koostises Allium c. cortex (00946.14),
  • bakteritsiidsed valuvaigistavad ravimteed mädastele põletikulistele vikerkesta haigustele – ravimtee koostises (välispidiselt) Allium c. cortex (00947.08),
  • antiseptilised silma kudesid taastavad ravimteed – silmatilkade koostises Allium c. cortex (00948.01);(00948.08),
  • kompressmäärded silma vikerkesta põletikul – määrde koostises Allium c. cortex (00950.09),
  • piimaajavad vahendid, kõneneuroos (lalonurosis), kõnepelgus (lalophobia) – ravimteekoostises ainult täiskasvanutele Allium c. cortex (00958.14),
  • kõripõletik (laryngitis) – ravimtee koostises Allium c. cortex (00961.10),
  • antiseptilised teed joomiseks kurgupõletiku korral – ravimtee koostises Allium c. cortex (00962.01),
  • inhalatsiooniteed, et hoida ära kurgupõletiku siirdeid kopsudesse (rögalahtistid) – inhalatsioonitee koostises ka lastele Allium c. cortex (00963.04),
  • kudesid regenereerivad teed (määrded) kurgupõletiku korral – seespidise määrde koostises Allium tinct. Cepae cortex (00964.11),
  • punase salakoi (Lichenis rubra) tõrjevannid – taimse keedise koostises Allium c. cortex (00973.11),
  • antiseptilised segud pärast vanni – välispidiselt kasutatava õlitinktuuri koostises ol.Cepae cortex (00974.04),
  • kivitõbi (lihtiasis); neerukivitõbi (lihthiasis renalis) – ravimtee koostises oksalaatide korral Allium c. cortex (00978.07),
  • lümfisõlmede põletik (lympadenitis) – nii kompressi kui ravimtee koostises Allium c. cortex (00985.10),
  • mädane lümfisõlmede põletik (lymphadenitis purulenta) – spetsiilse bakteritsiidse tee koostises Allium c. cortex (00986.01); (00986.08); ka lastele (00986,19),
  • mädase lümfisõlmede põletiku kompressi koostises Allium c. cortex (00987.02); ka lastele (00987,10),
  • lümfiteede põletik (lymphyngitis) – kompress-määrde koostises Allium c. cortex (00988.03); (00989.01); (00989.03)
  • lihasetoonuse puudulikkus (myatonia) – määrde koostises Allium c. cortex (01006.03),
  • lihaseatroofia (myathropia) – õli määrde koostises Allium oleum Cepae (01008.05),
  • lihaste mädaste põletike korral kasutatavad bakteritsiidsed teed – ravimtee koostises ka lastele Allium c. cortex (01014.07); (01014.11),
  • mädase lihasepõletiku korral kasutatavad kodused määrded – määrde koostises Allium c. cortex (01015.07),
  • kurgu- ja ninatilgad, kui on kõrvatrumminaha põletik – tilkade koostises Allium c. cortex (01027.01), ka lastele (01027.07),
  • kõrvatilgad trumminaha põletiku korral koos valuvaigistitega – kõrvatilkade koostises Allium c. cortex (01028.01), valude korral (01028.06),
  • pärast suuri põletikke tamponeerida – õi koostises Allium c. cortex (01028.08),
  • väliskõrva poolt kuulmenaha põletikul kasutatavad loputusvedelikud – ka lastele koostises Allium c. cortex (01029.13),
  • ravimteed neerupõletike korral – ravimtee koostises Allium c. cortex (01040.48),
  • neerude töö häired neuroosidest – ravimtee koostises Allium c. cortex (01041.04),
  • närvipõletik (neuritis) – ravimtee koostises Allium c. cortex (01051.01); (01051,09),
  • määrded närvipõletikele, kui need on naha pinna ligidal – määrde koostises Allium c. cortex (01060.01),
  • reumatoidne närvipõletik (neuritis rheumatica) – ka lastele ravimtee koostises Allium c. cortex (01062.24),
  • öised valud (nyctalgia) – ravimtee koostises Allium c. cortex (01067.15),
  • väikeste häbememokkade põletik (nymphitis) – loputusvedeliku koostises Allium c. cortex (01068.04),
  • määrded häbememokkadele (väikeste häbememokkade) põletiku korral – määrde koostises tinktuurina Allium tinct. Cepae (01068.23); (01068.24),
  • hambapõletik (odontitis) – tinktuuri koostises Allium tinct. Cepae (01070.01),
  • igemete peitsimissegud hammaste põletike korral – tinktuuri

koostises Allium tinct. Cepae (01071.01);(01071.08),

  • valulik kusemine (odynuria) – ravimtee koostises Allium c. cortex (01074.00),
  • küünlad valulikul kusemisel (kui on tegemist kasvajatega, siis need küünlad võivad kiirendada kasvajate kulgu ja soovitatakse arstiga konsulteerida) – pärakusse viidava küünla koostises Allium c. cortex (01075.07),
  • küünepõletik (onychis) – kompressi või mähise koostises Allium c. cortex (01079.08),
  • määrded küünepõletiku korral – valude korral tinktuurina määrde koostises Allium tinct. Cepae cort. (01080.04),
  • küünte seentõbi (onychoycosis) – tinktuurina määrde koostises Allium tinct. Cepae cort. (01081.18),
  • munasarjapõletike vastased antiseptilised ravimteed – ravimtee koostises Allium c. cortex (01084.09),
  • ravimküünlad munasarjapõletike raviks – nii tuppe- kui pärakusse viidavate ravimküünalde koostises oleum Cepae cortex (01086.08); (01086.12),
  • loputuslahused munasarjapõletike korral – loputuslahuse koostises Allium c. cort. (01087.05).

Sibul (droog)[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Farmakopöa kohustuslikes eeskirjades kannab sibula mugul ladinakeelseid nimetusi Allii cepae bulbus, Allii cepae recens bulbus.

Harilik sibul taimse droogina: Allii cepae bulbus, Allii cepae recens bulbus. Farmakoloogias peetakse taimse droogi botaanilise allikana (Allium cepa) all silmas värsket sibulat (Allii cepae recens bulbus).

  • List of German Commission E Monographs (Phytotherapy) taimne droog: Allii cepae bulbus koosneb Allium cepa L. värsketest või kuivatatud paksemapoolsetest, lihavatest lehetuppedest ja abilehtedest ning neist valmistatud samat toimet evivatest saadustest.[173]

Hariliku sibula bioloogilised toimed inimesele saavad olla saagikoristuse järgsete saaduste toimed peamiselt sissesööduna ja need sarnanevad paljuski küüslauguküünte farmokoloogiliste toimetega.

Hinnatud on nii sibulas kui pealsetes leiduvad sulfiidseid ühendeid sisaldavad eeterlikud õlid, mis suurendavad söögiisu ja soodustavad seedimist.

Hariliku sibula põhitoimeained on alliinid (propenüülalliin, tsükloalliin, alliin)[41].

Osade teaduslike uuringute põhjal (peamiselt in vitro katsed, kuna in vivo andmeid on lenduvate ühendite jmt tegurite tõttu raske läbi viia) on sibula lisamisel inimese toidule mitmeid soodsaid toimed, nagu immuunsüsteemi stimuleerimine, suhkurtõvega seotud sümptomite vähenemine, vereliistakute kokkukleepumise (trombioht) inhibeerimine, astmaga seotud põletikuliste protsesside tekkeohu alanemine, mao- ja ajuvähi väljakujunemise riski vähenemine, vere kolesterooli- , triglütseriidide- ja tromboksaanidetaseme alanemine jpt.

Farmakoloogilised toimed (rakukultuuride, loom- ja kliiniliste katsete põhjal[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Antihüperglükeemiline toime[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Bulbus Allii Cepae antihüperglükeemiline toime inimkehas on tuvastatud kliiniliste uuringutega – 100 mg vesiekstrakti manustamine vähendas täiskasvanutel glükoosi indutseeritud hüperglükeemiat.

Bulbus Allii Cepae mahla (50 gr) suukaudne manustamine diabeetikutele alandas veresuhkru taset.[174]

Bakteritevastane toime[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Sibula (organ) osa bakteritevastane toime in vitro bakterite kliiniliste isolaatide suhtes : Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli[175]

Bulbus Allii Cepae vesiekstrakt või mahl inhibeeris in vitro katsetes bakterite Escherichia coli, Serratia marcescens, Streptococcus sp, Lactobacillus odontolyticus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ja Salmonella typhosa kasvu .

Bulbus Allii Cepae petroleum ether extract inhibeeris bakterite Clostridium paraputrificum ja Staphylococcus aureus kasvu in vitro.[176]

Haavade paranemist soodustav toime[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Haavade, ka põletushaavade, paranemist soodustav toime baseerub sibula flavonoididel.[177]

Sibulaekstakti sisaldavad ka ravimgeelid Contractubex geel ja Mederma.

Seenevastane toime[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Ühes in vitro agarsöötme kultuuri-uuringus tuvastati hariliku sibula ja küüslaugu vesiekstraktide seenevastane toime Malassezia furfur 'i (25 tüve), Candida albicans 'i (18 tüve) jt Candida sp. (12 tüve) ja 35 erineva dermatofüüdi suhtes.[178]

Hariliku sibula eeterlikud õlid toimivad Aspergillus niger, Cladosporium werneckii, Candida albicans, Fusarium oxysporium, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Geotrichum candidum, Brettanomyces anomalus ja Candida lipolytica vastu.[179]

Eeterliku õli toimed[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Allium cepa õli, CAS-number: 8002-72-0, valmistatakse sibulamugulatest mitmel meetodil, näiteks veeaurudestillatsioonil, väljatulek on varieeruv 0,02% ringis, aastane sibulaõlitarve oli 2001. aasta andmetel 59,333,33 naela.[180][181]

Hariliku sibula erineva koostisega eeterlikud õlid toimivad katsetes puugivastsetele ja -munadele ning täiskasvanutele, näiteks Boophilus annulatus 'ele, akaritsiidina ja võivad neid suuremas koguses surma saata.[182]

Hariliku sibula eeterlikul õlil on seenevastased toimed.

MTO droogi päevane annus, kui teisiti pole määratud, on päevane annus 50 g toorest sibulat või 20 g kuivatatud droogi.[183]

Hariliku sibula bioloogilised toimed rottidele[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Tõendusmaterjalid viitavad asjaolule, et Allium cepa evib rotikehas (biotest: 8. nädala vanused täiskasvanud Wistar albino male rats (n=40)) antioksüdantseid ja androgeenseid toimeid ning võib forsseerida spermatogeneesi: värsket sibulamahla saanud rottide munandid kaalusid küll vähem kui kontrollrühma omadel kuid sperm oli liikuvam ja elujõulisem, testosteroonitase tunduvalt kõrgem. Antud uuringu alusel soovitavad uurijad meestel, kes nakatunud Toxoplasma gondii parasiitinfektsiooni- toksoplasmoosi värsket sibulat tarbida.[184]

Sibul (peremeesorganism)[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Bakterid, mis võivad vastuvõtlikel sibulatel bakterhaiguseid põhjustada
Seened, mis võivad vastuvõtlikel sibulatel seenhaiguseid põhjustada

doi: 10.1099/jmm.0.018309-0, PMCID: PMC3052473, veebiversioon (tarve 4.08.2015)(inglise keeles)

Kasvuhäired ja taimetoiteelementide vaegused, mis võivad vastuvõtlikel sibulatel puudushaiguseid põhjustada
Kahjurid, kes võivad oma elutegevusega vastuvõtlikke sibulaid kahjustada
Next.svg Pikemalt artiklis Sibulakahjurid

Sibulakaubandus, -turg ja toodang[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Iraan_Siwilla2011
Iraan_Siwilla 2011
Iraan_Siwilla 2011
Sibulate ettevalmistamine hoiustamiseks ja müügiks

Sibulate kiiritamine on toiduainete töötlemise meetod, mille all peetakse harilikult silmas ioniseeriva kiirguse kasutamist (kas radionukliidide koobalt-60 või tseesium-137 gammakiirgust) mitmel otstarbel.

Usutakse, et doos 5–15 krad'i kiirelt peale sibulate maastvõttu inhibeerib sibulamugulate idanemist puhkeperioodi ajal, kuid kiirgusdoos oleneb sibulasordist mõned võivad vajada madalamat doosi.[204]

Sibul (toiduaine)[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Söögisibulana peetakse silmas hariliku sibula inimese toiduks kasutatavaid sibulataime organeid: taime maa-aluseid sibulaid, taime elujärk külmaperioodil, nimetatakse mugulsibulateks (värske sibul, tarbesibul[205], köögisibul, müügisibul, aiasibul, säilitussibul jm) ja sibula lehti (kas eraldi või koos sibula ebavarrega) nimetatakse sibulapealseteks[40].

Söögisibul ja sellest valmsitatud sibulatoidud on kuulunud mitmete muistsete rahvaste toidulauale.

Kreeka ajaloolane Herodotos Halikarnassosest (umbes 484 eKr – umbes 425 eKr) olevat ülesse kirjutanud, et egiptlased maksid püramiidiehitajatele söögiks ostetud sibula, küüslaugu ja redise eest 1600 hõbetalenti.

George Julius Drews (1873– 1945) saksa-ameerika medical nutritionist, tropho-therapy edendaja arvates on sibul (1912) talvetoitude hulgas sama loomulik kui kapsas, kuid spetsiifiline volatiilsel õlil on ka suurem roll kui puhtalt maitse ja see peaks sibula positiivsele loomusele lisanduseks olema. Sibul on positiivne toit ja see on näidustatud osadele negatiivseid haiguseid põdevatele inimestele. Soovitavad on pehme ja magusa maitsega sordid nagu 'Teneriffe', 'Barletta' ja 'Rocca'.[206]

Söögisibulat (ka lihtsalt sibulat) ja tema pealseid peetakse paljude inimeste jaoks väärtuslikuks toiduaineks ja selle all peetakse silmas sibula kultiveerimise lõpptoodet ehk müügisibulaid mida inimesed kasutavad toiduks.

Sibulat tarvitatakse põhiliselt toitude maitsestamiseks ja lisandina mitmeti: toorelt, praetult, keedetult, marineeritult, kuivatatult jne. Pealseid kasutatakse peamiselt värskelt eelkõige salatite, aga ka teiste toitude valmistamisel.

Sibulatoitudeks loetakse neid toite kus sibul on oma maitseomadustega kujundab toidu maitse ja/või sisaldub toidus ülekaalukas koguses, näiteks prantsuse sibulasupp või lihtsalt sibulasupp[207].

Eesti toiduainena peetakse silmas Veterinaar- ja Toiduameti heakskiidu saanud Peipsi sibulat (koondnimetus 'Peipsiäärne' ja 'Jõgeva 3')

Toiteväärtus ja biokeemiline koostis
Next.svg Pikemalt artiklis Harilik sibul#Sibul (peremeesorganism)

Söögisibul sisaldab rohkelt inimese jaoks väärtuslikke toitaineid (sh mikrotoitaineid, rohkesti suhkruid).

Toiteväärtus on varieeruv ja sõltub tema kultiveerimiseaegsetest, säilitamisest, sibulasööja füsioloogiast jpt teguritest, ka sibulasordist ja söödavast sibulaorganist, nii näiteks sisaldavad sibulapealsed C-vitamiini ja karotiini tunduvalt rohkem kui sibul, kuid teisi vitamiine ja mineraalaineid enam-vähem samas koguses.

Ameerika Ühendriikide Põllumajandusministeeriumi poolt välja antud riiklikus veebipõhises toiduainete kohta infot pakkuvas andmebaasis USDA National Nutrient Database (Ameerika Ühendriikide Põllumajandusministeeriumi Riiklik Toitainete anbembaas) on värske sibula (toore sibula) 100 g toitainete sisaldusi 2010. aastal alljärgnevalt:

Toitained[208]
Toitained Väärtus
100 g kohta
Ühik
Vesi 89,11 g
Kalorsus 40 kcal
Valgud 1,10 g
Lipiidid 0,10 g
Tuhk 0,35 g
Süsivesikud 9,34 g
Sahharoos 0,99 g
Glükoos 1,97 g
Fruktoos 1,29 g
Kiudained 1,7 g
Toiteelemendid[208]
Toiteelement Väärtus
100 g kohta
Ühik
Kaltsium (Ca) 23,0 mg
Raud (Fe) 0,21 mg
Magneesium (Mg) 10,0 mg
Fosfor (P) 29,0 mg
Kaalium (K) 146,0 mg
Naatrium (Na) 4,0 mg
Tsink (Zn) 0,17 mg
Vask (Cu) 0,04 mg
Mangaan (Mn) 0,13 mg
Fluoriid (F) 1,1 mg
Seleen (Se) 0,5 μg
(1 g = 1000 mg; 1 mg = 1000 μg)
Vitamiinid[208]
Vitamiin Väärtus
100 g kohta
Ühik
C 7,4 mg
B1 0,046 mg
B2 0,027 mg
B3 0,116 mg
B4 6,10 mg
B5 0,123 mg
B6 0,120 mg
E 0,02 mg
Folaat 19,0 μg
Luteiin+
zeaksantiin
4,0 μg
K 0,4 μg
Aminohapped[208]
Aminohape Väärtus
100 g kohta
Ühik
Glutamiinhape 0,258 g
Arginiin 0,104 g
Aspartaamhape 0,091 g
Lüsiin 0,039 g
Leutsiin 0,025 g
Fenüülalaniin 0,025 g
Glütsiin 0,025 g
Treoniin 0,021 g
Valiin 0,021 g
Seriin 0,021 g
Alaniin 0,021 g

Eesti toitumis – ja toidusoovitused on toitainete põhised ega sunni inimesi toitaineid tarbima allikapõhiselt.

Sibula maitse sõltub sordist ja kliimast[209].

Mitte kõiki sibulatoite ei peeta samaväärseteks, nn F-sibulatoidud (Fast food kiirtoidud sibulast) võivad olenevalt valmistamismeetoditest (näiteks 'rääsunud' loomset päritolu rasvaines praetuna) ka ebatervistavaid toimeid koguda.

Hariliku sibula sibula mõju sööja uriinile on täheldatud juba ammu.

Macquer ja Keir tähedasid (1777) aga sibula järele lõhnavat uriini ka peavalude ja halva seedimise all melanhoolse ja hüsteerilise tempreramendiga inimestel.[210]

Rohkelt sibulat toidus avaldab mitmeid toimeid ka inimese kehavedelikele (näiteks erituvad toimeained rinnapiima) ja muudab uriini lõhnavaks, see on osa sibulas leiduvate ainete, mis ka sibulalõhna tekitavad, toimetest ja seetõttu ei peeta vajalikuks kaasajal arsti poole pöördumist.

Kui aga naise tupeeritis, eriti peale suguühet, muutub sibulalõhnaliseks siis võib see olla bakteriaalse vaginoosi sümptom ja võib vajada günekoloogi konsulatsiooni.[211]

Sibul (allergia taim)[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Sibul võib vastuvõtlikel inimestel haiguslikke seisundeid, nagu bronhiaalastma, rinokonjuktiviit ja kontaktdermatiit (IgE- spetsiifilised antikehad sibula vastu nahatestis ja in vitro) esle kutsuda.[212]

Sibul (mürktaim)[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Osade imetajate (nagu hobused, kassid, koerad jt) suhtes liigitatakse taim bioloogiliste toimete tõttu mürktaimeks, kuna tema söömine võib sibulamürgistuse tekitada. Kõiki laukude perekonna taimi peetakse kassidele ebasoovitavateks toiduaineteks. On vähetõenäoline, et kassid sööksid toorest sibulat, kuid valmistoitudes sisalduva sibulafragmentide tõttu võib neil, sibulas leiduvate keemiliste ainete toimel erütrotsüütidele, Heinz body anemia tekkida.[213][214][215][216], sama võib ka hobuste ja koertega[217] juhtuda.

Harilik sibul toiduainetetööstuse toorainena ja/või valmistoodetena[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

  • sibulapulber
  • sibulahelbed
  • sibulasool
  • sibula purgisupp
  • sibulasupi pulber
  • marineeritud sibulad
  • sibulaküpsised
  • sügavkülmutatud hakitud sibul
  • sügavkülmutatud sibulapealsed
  • sügavkülmutatud sibularõngad.

Sibula kui toidutoorme (põllukultuuri) tehastes (process manufacturing, toiduainetetööstus jne) töötlemise (dehüdreerimine, hoidistamine (moosid, supid, marineeritud sibulad) purkidesse, metalldoosidesse ne) tulemusel tekib tootmisprotsessis hulgaliselt, Euroopas hinnanguliselt 450 000 tonni, sibulajäätmeid, mille hulka arvatakse sibulakoored ja ja välimine soomuste kiht.

Neid saab taas 'toidutasemeni' töödelda, valmistades neist pektiini ja kiudaineid sisaldavaid tooteid ja/või lisaaineid.[218]

Harilik sibul tööstusliku toorainena[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Hariliku sibula tahketest jäätmetest (lamandunud sibulapealsed ja mugulsibula koored, müügiks mittesobivad haiged või sibulakorjamise käigus vigastatud sibulad) saab bioetanooli toota, selleks töödeldakse need esmalt sibulamahlaks.

Sibul (katse- ja kontrolltaim)[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Laborisibul: The Allium cepa test on katsetaime in vivo mudel: hangitakse herbitsiidide ja fungitsiidide-vabad sibulamugulad ja testitakse neid erinevate ainetega.[219]

Eesti Taimekasvatuse Instituudi laboris uuritakse Peipsi äärset pesasibula põlissorti 'Peipsi sibulat'.[220]

Sibula laboratoorsetes uuringutes kasutatavad laboriseadmed ja meetodid:

Hariliku sibulataime kodumaa[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Alphonse Louis Pierre Pyrame de Candolle kirjutas oma raamatus "Origin of Cultivated Plants The International Scientific Series Volume XVII" (1885) sibulataime kodumaa kohta järmist:

ONION--Allium Cepa, Linnaeus. I will state first what was known in 1855; I will then add the recent botanical observations which confirm the inferences from philological data. The onion is one of the earliest of cultivated species. Its original country is, according to Kunth, unknown. Let us see if it is possible to discover it. The modern Greeks call Allium Cepa, which they cultivate in abundance, krommunda. This is a good reason for believing that the krommuon of Theophrastus is the same species, as sixteenth-century writers already supposed. Pliny translated the word by coepa. The ancient Greeks and Romans knew several varieties, which they distinguished by the names of countries:Cyprium, Cretense, Samothraciae, etc. One variety cultivated in Egypt was held to be so excellent that it received divine honours, to the great amusement of the Romans. Modern Egyptians designate A. Cepa by the name of basal or bussul, whence it is probable that the bezalim of the Hebrews is the same species, as commentators have said. There are several distinct names--palandu, latarka, sakandaka, and a number of modern Indian names. The species is commonly cultivated in India, Cochin-China, China, and even in Japan. It was largely consumed by the ancient Egyptians. The drawings on their monuments often represent this species. Thus its cultivation in Southern Asia and the eastern region of the Mediterranean dates from a very early epoch. Moreover, the Chinese, Sanskrit, Hebrew, Greek, and Latin names have no apparent connection. From this last fact we may deduce the hypothesis that its cultivation was begun after the separation of the Indo-European nations, the species being found ready to hand in different countries at once. This, however,is not the present state of things, for we hardly find even vague indications of the wild state of A. Cepa. I have not discovered it in European or Caucasian floras; but Hasselquist says, "It grows in the plains near the sea in the environs of Jericho." Dr. Wallich mentioned in his list of Indian plants, No. 5072, specimens which he saw in districts of Bengal, without mentioning whether they were cultivated. This indication, however insufficient, together with the antiquity of the Sanskrit and Hebrew names, and the communication which is known to have existed between the peoples of India and of Egypt, lead me to suppose that this plant occupied a vast area in Western Asia, extending perhaps from Palestine to India. Allied species, sometimes mistaken for A. Cepa, exist in Siberia. The specimens collected by Anglo-Indian botanists, of which Wallich gave the first idea, are now better known. Stokes discovered Allium Cepa wild in Beluchistan. He says, "wild on the Chehil Tun." Griffith brought it from Afghanistan and Thomson from Lahore, to say nothing of other collectors, who are not explicit as to the wild or cultivated nature of their specimens. Boissier possesses a wild specimen found in the mountainous regions of the Khorassan. The umbels are smaller than in the cultivated plant, but there is no other difference. Dr. Regel, jun., found it to the south of Kuldscha, in Western Siberia.Thus my former conjectures are completely justified; and it is not unlikely that its habitation extends even as far as Palestine, as Hasselquist said. The onion is designated in China by a single sign (pronounced tsung),which may suggest a long existence there as an indigenous plant. I very much doubt, however, that the area extends so far to the east. Humboldt says that the Americans have always been acquainted with onions, in Mexican xonacatl. "Cortes," he says, "speaking of the comestibles sold at the market of the ancient Tenochtillan, mentions onions, leeks, and garlic." I cannot believe, however, that these names applied to the species cultivated in Europe. Sloane, in the seventeenth century, had only seen one Allium cultivated in Jamaica (A. Cepa),and that was in a garden with other European vegetables. The word xonacatl is not in Hernandez, and Acosta says distinctly that the onions and garlics of Peru are of European origin. The species of the genus Allium are rare in America.

[221]

Nikolai Ivanovitš Vavilov aga liigitab hariliku sibula kultiveerimisalad mitmeks levikupiirkonnaks.[222]

Botaanikud usuvad, et sibulataim pärineb Iraanist ja Pakistanist. Ka Kesk-Aasiat ja Palestiinat on kodustatud sibulataime päritolumaaks loetud.

Ain Raali andmetel pärineb taim Pärsiast ja levis sealt inimeste kaudu Egiptusesse ja Kreekasse ja hiljem peaaegu kogu maailma.[41]

Müügisibula päritolumaa[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Sibulaäris ei ole oluliseks aspektiks mitte ainult sibulamugul vaid sibula tarbijale võib ostuotsustusel vajalikus osutuda ka päritolumaal kasutavate sibulataime kasvuaegsete kultuuripraktikate tundmine, nii näiteks võidakse/kasutatakse Floridas sibulate teraapias liigispetsiifilsite ümarusside vastu nematotsiide: Telone II[223], Telone C-17[224], Telone C-35[225], Pic-Clor 60[226], Vapam HL[227], KPam HL[228] [229], käesoleval ajal pole selge kui suured kogused ja nende bioaktiivsus sibulamugula sööjale osaks saab, kuid arvatakse, et mullaveestiku toimel jõuavad need pigem põhjavette.

Müügisibula päritolumaa varjamine võib harva esile kutsuda võimuorganitega suhtlemist, nii näiteks arreteerisid politseiametnikud Fukushima prefektuuris (Jaapan) 2 meest suvisibulate 'siltide võltisimise' ja nende müümise eestkoolidele ja vanakodudele selles prefektuuris kasvatatuid Ibaraki ja Chiba prefektuuri sibulatena. 'Sibulasildi võltsijate' vastuväidete kohaselt testiti toote kiirgustaset ja see olevat normi piiresse mahtunud.[230]

Ajaloolist[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Sibul on üks vanemaid kultuurtaimi, kelle metsikuid esivanemaid tarvitas inimene juba kiviajal. Kultuurtaimena hakati teda viljelema kõigepealt Kesk- ja Edela-Aasias umbes 5000–6000 aastat tagasi. Esialgsetelt viljelusaladelt levis sibul kõigepealt Egiptusesse ning sealt Vana-Kreeka ja Rooma riigi valdustesse. Roomlaste vallutusretkede tulemusena sai ta peagi laiemalt tuntuks ka mujal Euroopas.[231]

Sibul kultustaime ja keelatud taimena

Vanad egiptlased pidasid sibulavõrset universumi sümboliks[232] ja kasutasid sibulasaaduseid madude eemale peletamiseks.

Charles Frederick Partingtoni (1837) kirjelduste kohaselt oli levinud aiataim kuid Vana-Egiptuse preestrid võisid usulistel kaalutlustel egiptuse sibula söömisest hoiduda.[233]

Uurimislugu[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Theophrastos kirjutas "Taimeloos", et kui küüslaugu- ja sibulataim omapäi jätta, kasvatab küüslauk varre otsa "küüslaugupea" ja sibul (krómyon) '"sibulapea"', ja seda võib pidada nende paljunemisviisiks.[234] Theophrastos kirjeldas ka sibula erinevaid kultivare[235][236]: "Ka sibulal ja küüslaugul on erinevad sood; sibula omad on arvukamad, näiteks need, mida kutsutakse kohtade (Sardise, Knidose, Samothrake järgi); ning üheaastane, jagatud (pesasibul) ja Ashkeloni sibul. Neist üheaastane sugu on väike, kuid väga magus, kuna aga jagatud sibul ja Ashkeloni sibul on selgelt erinevad nii oma iseloomu kui ka kasvatamise poolest. Sest jagatud sibul jäetakse talvel koos lehtedega omapäid, kevadel aga lõigatakse pealsed ära ja haritakse taime muul moel; kui lehed on ära lõigatud, kasvavad uued ning samal ajal toimub maa all jagunemine, mille pärast seda nimetatakse jagatud sibulaks. Mõned küll ütlevad, et kõiki sugusid peaks niiviisi harima, et taime vägi suunduks alla ja see ei hakkaks viljuma. Ashkeloni sool on mõnevõrra eriline iseloom; see on ainus sugu, mis ei jagune ning justnagu ei paljune juurest; veel enam, ka taimes endas [maapealses osas] ei ole kasvamise ja paljunemise väge; ..."

Vanasõnu[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

  • Eesti vanasõna: Söö sibulat ja kala, siis seisab nagu tala;
  • Seest siiruviiruline, pealt kullakarvaline?[237].

Kas teadsid, et ...[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

  • Lahesõda lõppes sibulapõllul Basras (Iraak)?
  • ... 2011. aastal peeti maailma raskeimaks sibulaks pensionär Peter Glazebrooki sibulat, mis kaalus 17 naela ja 15 untsi[238]
  • ... 2012. aastal peeti maailma raskeimaks sibulaks samuti Peter Glazebrooki sibulat, mille kaal oli 18 naela ja 1 unts[239]?
  • ... 2014. aastal peeti maailma raskeimaks sibulaks Tony Glover’i sibulat, mis kaalus 18 naela 11 untsi[240]?

Viited[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

  1. Allium commune Noronha, veebiversioon (tarve 25.07.2015)(inglise keeles)
  2. Allium cepa L., (tarve 18.07.2015)(inglise keeles)
  3. Urmas Kokassaar, Kas ikka tead? Sibul kaitseb mitmeti!, Tervis Pluss, 24. oktoober 2014, veebiversioon (tarve 28.07.2015)
  4. Y. H. Hui,Feng Chen,Leo M. L. Nollet, "Handbook of Fruit and Vegetable Flavors", lk 852, 2010, Google'i raamatu veebiversioon (tarve 6.08.2015)(inglise keeles)
  5. SUMONA AFROZ ja MD. ABUL HASSAN, SYSTEMATIC STUDIES IN THE FAMILY LILIACEAE FROM BANGLADESH, Bangladesh J. Plant Taxon. 15(2): 115–128, 2008, lk 118, (December), veebiversioon (tarve 6.08.2015)(inglise keeles)
  6. Philip Miller, "The Gardeners Dictionary: Containing the Methods of Cultivating and Improving the Kitchen, Fruit and Flower Garden, as also the Physik Garden, Wilderness, Conservatory and Vineyard", 1. köide, London, 1735, Google'i raamatu veebiversioon (tarve 22.07.2015)(inglise keeles)
  7. John Wilson, "A synopsis of British plants, in Mr. Ray's method, with their characters ...", lk 255, 1744, Google'i raamatu veebiversioon (tarve 5.08.2015)(inglise keeles)
  8. "A General Natural History: Or, New and Accurate Descriptions of ....", 2. köide: "A history of plants", lk 5, 1751, Google'i raamatu veebiversioon (tarve 30.07.2015)(inglise keeles)
  9. Ray
  10. John Hill, "A History of the Materia Medica.", London, Longman, Hitsch, Hawes, lk 379–380, 1751, Google'i raamatu veebiversioon (tarve 5.08.2015)(inglise keeles)
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  234. Theophrastos. Enquiry into Plants, LCL 79: 90–93: "Juure kasv ei ole küüslaugul ja sibulal ühesugune; kui küüslaugul on küüs paisunud, muutub tervik kumeraks; siis see kasvab ning jaguneb jälle küünteks ning muutub "pea" küpsedes ühe asemel mitmeks taimeks, sibul aga kasvatab juurest üksteise järel võrseid nagu ... ja meridriimia ja kõik sellised taimed. Öeldakse ka, et küüslauk kasvatab varrele küüslaugupäid ning et sibul kasvatab samamoodi sibulaid. τῆς δὲ ῥίζης ἡ γένεσις οὐχ ὁμοία τοῦ τε σκορόδου καὶ τοῦ κρομύου· ἀλλὰ τοῦ μὲν σκορόδου ὅταν ἀνοιδήσῃ ἡ γελγὶς κυρτοῦται πᾶσα καὶ ἐνταῦθα αὐξηθεῖσα διαιρεῖται πάλιν εἰς τὰς γέλγεις καὶ ἐξ ἑνὸς πολλὰ γίνεται τῷ τελειοῦσθαι τὴν κεφαλήν, τὸ δὲκρόμυον εὐθὺς ἐκ τῆς ῥίζης ἄλλο καὶ ἄλλο παραφίησι, καθάπερ καὶ βολβοὶ καὶ σκίλλα καὶ πάντα τὰ τοιαῦτα. καὶ γὰρ τὰ κρόμυα καὶ τὰ σκόροδα μὴ ἀναιρούντων ἀλλ᾿ ἐώντων πολλὰ γίνεται. φέρειν δέ φασι καὶ τὸ σκόροδον ἐπὶ τῆς φύσιγγος σκόροδα καὶ τὸ κρόμυον κρόμυα· The growth of the root in garlic and onion is not the same; in garlic, when the clove has swollen, the whole of it becomes convex; then it increases and divides again into the cloves, and becomes several plants instead of one by the maturing of the ‘head,’ while the onion puts out another and another growth straight from the root, as do purse-tassels1 and squill and all such plants. For both onions and garlic multiply if they are not removed but left alone. They say also that garlic produces garlic heads on the stalk, and that the onion in like manner produces onions. (vaadatud 26.07.2015)
  235. Sealsamas, lk 87–88. Διαφέρει δὲ γένει καὶ τὰ κρόμυα καὶ τὰ σκόροδα. πλείω δὲ τοῦ κρομύου τὰ γένη, οἷον τὰ κατὰ τὰς χώρας ἐπικαλούμενα Σάρδια Κνίδια Σαμοθράκια, καὶ πάλιν τὰ σητάνια καὶ σχιστὰ καὶ Ἀσκαλώνια. τούτων δὲ τὰ μὲν σητάνια μικρὰ γλυκέα δὲ εὖ μάλα, τὰ δὲ σχιστὰ καὶ ἀσκαλώνια καὶ ταῖς θεραπείαις διαφέροντα καὶ δῆλον ὅτι τῇ φύσει· τὸ γὰρ σχιστὸν τῷ μὲν χειμῶνι μετὰ τῆς κόμης ἐῶσιν ἀργόν, ἅμα δὲ τῷ ἦρι τὰ φύλλα περιαιροῦσι τὰ ἔξω καὶ τὰ ἄλλα θεραπεύουσι· περιαιρεθέντων δὲ τῶν φύλλων ἕτερα βλαστάνει καὶ ἅμα κάτω σχίζεται, δι᾿ ὃ καλοῦσι σχιστά. οἱ δὲ καὶ ὅλως φασὶ πάντων δεῖν, ὅπως ἡ δύναμις εἰς τὸ κάτω καὶ μὴ σπερμοφυῇ. 8τῶν δὲ Ἀσκαλωνίων ἰδία τις ἡ φύσις· μόνα γὰρ <οὐ> σχιστὰ καὶ ὥσπερ ἄγονα ἀπὸ τῆς ῥίζης, ἔτι δὲ ἐν αὐτοῖς ἀναυξῆ καὶ ἀνεπίδοτα·... There are also various kinds of onion and of garlic; those of the onion are the more numerous, for instance, those called after their localities Sardian, Cnidian, Samothracian; and again the ‘annual’ the ‘divided’ (shallot) and that of Ascalon. Of these the annual kind is small but very sweet, while the divided and the Ascalonian differ plainly as to their character as well as in respect of their cultivation. For the ‘divided’ kind they leave untended in winter with its foliage, but in spring they strip off the outside leaves and tend the plant in other ways; when the leaves are stripped off, others grow, and at the same time division takes place under ground, which is the reason of the name ‘divided.’ Some indeed say that all kinds should be thus treated, in order that the force of the plant may be directed downwards and it may not go to seed. The Ascalonian kind has a somewhat peculiar character; it is the only kind which does not divide and which does not, as it were, reproduce itself from the root; moreover in the plant11 itself there is no power of increasing and multiplying; wherefore...
  236. Costas A. Thanos. The Geography of Theophrastus' Life and of His Botanical Writings (ΠΕΡΙ ΦΥΤΩΝ)
  237. SEEST SIIRUVIIRULINE, PEALT KULLAKARVALINE? Sibul, veebiversioon (tarve 24.07.2015)
  238. MARK BRANAGAN, Pensioner grows world's biggest ever onion...a 17lb Pensioner grows world's biggest ever onion...a 17lb 15oz whopper, 17. september 2011, veebiversioon (tarve 21.07.2015)(inglise keeles)
  239. MARIO LEDWITH, Now that's eye-watering! Gardener produces onion weighing 18lb and smashes the world record, 14. september 2012, veebiversioon (tarve 21.07.2015)(inglise keeles)
  240. Metro News Reporter, http://metro.co.uk/2014/09/18/new-worlds-biggest-onion-is-an-eye-watering-sight-4874389/ New World’s Biggest Onion is an eye-watering sight, 18. september 2014, veebiversioon (tarve 21.07.2015)(inglise keeles)

Kirjandus[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

Hübridiseerimine
  • Charles Lyell, "Geoloogia alused" 2. köide ("Principles of Geology"),

lk 53, 1832

Monograafiates ja nende alusmaterjalides
  • George Don (1798– 1856) (G.Don), Memoirs, 6. köide, lk 3–4, Wernerian Natural History Society, Edinburgh
Kultuuris
Entsüklopeediates
Ajakirjanduses

23. aprill 2015

Sibula hind
Sibula hind on tõusnud üle 100%, 1. september 2011
Meditsiinis (sh meditsiiniuuringutes)

Kategooria:Eesti kultuurtaimed Kategooria:Laugulised Kategooria:Köögiviljad

Viited[muuda | muuda lähteteksti]

üle toodud Mariina/Harilik sibul/Viited

Harilik sibul: ; Meditsiinis (sh meditsiiniuuringutes)

  • 1. Alterations in the mitotic index of Allium cepa induced by infusions of Pluchea sagittalis submitted to three different cultivation systems, Rossato, Liana V.; Tedesco, Solange B.; Laughinghouse, Haywood D.; et al. - ANAIS DA ACADEMIA BRASILEIRA DE CIENCIAS Volume: 82 Issue: 4 Pages: 857-860 Published: DEC 2010
  • 2. Ability of Allium cepa L. root tips and Tradescantia pallida var. purpurea in N-nitrosodiethylamine genotoxicity and mutagenicity evaluation

de Rainho, Claudia R.; Kaezer, Andrea; Aiub, Claudia A. F.; et al. - ANAIS DA ACADEMIA BRASILEIRA DE CIENCIAS Volume: 82 Issue: 4 Pages: 925-932 Published: DEC 2010

  • 3. Fate of Flavonoids in the Outer Skins of Onion (Allium cepa L.) Throughout Curing

Cools, Katherine; Chope, Gemma A.; Terry, Leon A. - JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY Volume: 58 Issue: 22 Pages: 11709-11715 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf1028015 Published: NOV 24 2010 4. The Cyclic Organosulfur Compound Zwiebelane A from Onion (Allium cepa) Functions as an Enhancer of Polymyxin B in Fungal Vacuole Disruption Borjihan, Baiyinlang; Ogita, Akira; Fujita, Ken-ichi; et al. - PLANTA MEDICA Volume: 76 Issue: 16 Pages: 1864-1866 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0030-1249935 Published: NOV 2010 5. Distribution of quercetin-3,4 '-O-diglucoside, quercetin-4 '-O-monoglucoside, and quercetin in different parts of the onion bulb (Allium cepa L.) influenced by genotype Beesk, Nina; Perner, Henrike; Schwarz, Dietmar; et al. - FOOD CHEMISTRY Volume: 122 Issue: 3 Pages: 566-571 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2010.03.011 Published: OCT 1 2010 6. Identification of Candidate Amino Acids Involved in the Formation of Pink-Red Pigments in Onion (Allium cepa L.) Juice and Separation by HPLC Lee, Eun Jin; Yoo, Kil Sun; Patil, Bhimanagouda S. - JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE Volume: 75 Issue: 8 Pages: C684-C689 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2010.01814.x Published: OCT 2010 7. Disintegration Efficiency of Pulsed Electric Field Induced Effects on Onion (Allium cepa L.) Tissues as a Function of Pulse Protocol and Determination of Cell Integrity by 1H-NMR Relaxometry Ersus, Seda; Oztop, Mecit Halil; McCarthy, Michael J.; et al. - JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE Volume: 75 Issue: 7 Pages: E444-E452 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2010.01769.x Published: SEP 10 2010 8. Effect of Allium Cepa-Allantoin-Pentaglycan Gel on Skin Hypertrophic Scars: Clinical and Video-Capillaroscopic Results of an Open-Label, Controlled, Nonrandomized Clinical Trial Campanati, Anna; Savelli, Andrea; Sandroni, Lucia; et al. - DERMATOLOGIC SURGERY Volume: 36 Issue: 9 Pages: 1439-1444 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1524-4725.2010.01654.x Published: SEP 2010 9. Salt-induced abnormalities on root tip mitotic cells of Allium cepa: prevention by inositol pretreatment Chatterjee, Jolly; Majumder, Arun Lahiri - PROTOPLASMA Volume: 245 Issue: 1-4 Pages: 165-172 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00709-010-0170-4 Published: SEP 2010 10. Onionin A from Allium cepa Inhibits Macrophage Activation El-Aasr, Mona; Fujiwara, Yukio; Takeya, Motohiro; et al. - JOURNAL OF NATURAL PRODUCTS Volume: 73 Issue: 7 Pages: 1306-1308 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/np100105u Published: JUL 2010 11. Quality preservation of salted, vacuum packaged and refrigerated mahi sefid (Rutilus frisii kutum) fillets using an onion (Allium cepa) extract Zolfaghari, Mehdi; Shabanpour, Bahareh; Fallahzadeh, Sanaz - AQUACULTURE RESEARCH Volume: 41 Issue: 8 Pages: 1123-1132 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2109.2009.02395.x Published: JUL 16 2010 12. Sunlight decreased genotoxicity of azadirachtin on root tip cells of Allium cepa and Eucrosia bicolor Kwankua, W.; Sengsai, S.; Kuleung, C.; et al. - ECOTOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY Volume: 73 Issue: 5 Pages: 949-954 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2010.04.001 Published: JUL 2010 13. Allium cepa as a biomonitor of ochratoxin A toxicity and genotoxicity Lerda, D.; Bistoni, M. Biagi; Pelliccioni, P.; et al. - PLANT BIOLOGY Volume: 12 Issue: 4 Pages: 685-688 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1438-8677.2010.00337.x Published: JUL 2010 14. Evaluation mutagenic and antimutagenic activity of Aloe vera in Allium cepa test and micronucleus test in human binucleated lymphocytes Sturbelle, Regis T.; de Pinho, Daiane S.; Restani, Rossana G.; et al. - REVISTA BRASILEIRA DE FARMACOGNOSIA-BRAZILIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACOGNOSY Volume: 20 Issue: 3 Pages: 409-415 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-695X2010000300019 Published: JUN-JUL 2010 15. Inhibitory Activity against Urease of Quercetin Glycosides Isolated from Allium cepa and Psidium guajava Shabana, Samah; Kawai, Azusa; Kai, Kenji; et al. - BIOSCIENCE BIOTECHNOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY Volume: 74 Issue: 4 Pages: 878-880 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1271/bbb.90895 Published: APR 2010 16. In vitro antibacterial activity of onion (Allium cepa) against clinical isolates of Vibrio cholerae. Hannan, Abdul; Humayun, Tabish; Hussain, Muhammad Barkaat; et al. - Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC Volume: 22 Issue: 2 Pages: 160-3 Published: 2010 Apr-Jun 17. EFFECT OF ONION (ALLIUM CEPA L.) EXTRACT ON MICROBIOLOGICAL QUALITY OF REFRIGERATED BEEF MEAT Irkin, Reyhan; Arslan, Mikail - JOURNAL OF MUSCLE FOODS Volume: 21 Issue: 2 Pages: 308-316 Published: APR 2010 18. Evaluation of mutagenic activity resulting from the infusion Baccharis trimera (Less.) DC. using the Allium cepa test and a chromosomal test for aberrations in human lymphocytes de Pinho, Daiane S.; Sturbelle, Regis T.; Martino-Roth, Maria da Graca; et al. - REVISTA BRASILEIRA DE FARMACOGNOSIA-BRAZILIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACOGNOSY Volume: 20 Issue: 2 Pages: 165-170 Published: APR-MAR 2010 19. Varietal screening of quercetin in onions (Allium cepa L.) and onion waste materials for authentication in food fortification Lee, JiHyun; Mitchell, Alyson E. - ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY Volume: 239 Meeting Abstract: 70-AGFD Published: MAR 21 2010 20. Quercetin and Isorhamnetin in Sweet and Red Cultivars of Onion (Allium cepa L.) at Harvest, after Field Curing, Heat Treatment, and Storage Olsson, Marie E.; Gustavsson, Karl-Erik; Vagen, Ingunn M. - JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY Volume: 58 Issue: 4 Pages: 2323-2330 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf9027014 Published: FEB 24 2010 21. Antioxidant Activity and alpha-Glucosidase Inhibitory Potential of Onion (Allium cepa L.) Extracts Kim, Myung-Hee; Jo, Sung-Hoon; Jang, Hae-Dong; et al. - FOOD SCIENCE AND BIOTECHNOLOGY Volume: 19 Issue: 1 Pages: 159-164 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10068-010-0022-1 Published: FEB 2010 22. Antimicrobial and antioxidant activity of crude onion (Allium cepa, L.) extracts Santas, Jonathan; Pilar Almajano, Maria; Carbo, Rosa - INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Volume: 45 Issue: 2 Pages: 403-409 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.2009.02169.x Published: FEB 2010 23. The evaluation of surface and wastewater genotoxicity using the Allium cepa test Radic, Sandra; Stipanicev, Drazenka; Vujcic, Valerija; et al. - SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT Volume: 408 Issue: 5 Pages: 1228-1233 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2009.11.055 Published: FEB 1 2010 24. Toxicity mechanisms of onion (Allium cepa) extracts and compounds in multidrug resistant erythroleukemic cell line Votto, Ana P. S.; Domingues, Beatriz S.; de Souza, Michele M.; et al. - BIOLOGICAL RESEARCH Volume: 43 Issue: 4 Pages: 429-438 Published: 2010 25. Effects of aluminum on nucleoli in root tip cells and selected physiological and biochemical characters in Allium cepa var. agrogarum L Qin, Rong; Jiao, Yunqiu; Zhang, Shanshan; et al. - BMC PLANT BIOLOGY Volume: 10 Article Number: 225 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2229-10-225 Published: OCT 21 2010 26. Induction of chromosome aberrations in the Allium cepa test system caused by the exposure of cells to benzo(a) pyrene. Cabaravdic, Mirsad - Medicinski arhiv Volume: 64 Issue: 4 Pages: 215-8 Published: 2010 27. Postharvest application of ethylene and 1-methylcyclopropene either before or after curing affects onion (Allium cepa L.) bulb quality during long term cold storage Downes, Katherine; Chope, Gemma A.; Terry, Leon A. - POSTHARVEST BIOLOGY AND TECHNOLOGY Volume: 55 Issue: 1 Pages: 36-44 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2009.08.003 Published: JAN 2010 28. Antioxidant, Radical Scavenging and Antimicrobial Activities of Red Onion (Allium cepa L) Skin and Edible Part Extracts Skerget, M.; Majhenic, L.; Bezjak, M.; et al. - CHEMICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL ENGINEERING QUARTERLY Volume: 23 Issue: 4 Pages: 435-444 Published: DEC 2009 29. Micronucleus and chromosome aberrations induced in onion (Allium cepa) by a petroleum refinery effluent and by river water that receives this effluent Hoshina, Marcia M.; Marin-Morales, Maria A. - ECOTOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY Volume: 72 Issue: 8 Pages: 2090-2095 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2009.07.002 Published: NOV 2009 30. Effect of curing at different temperatures on biochemical composition of onion (Allium cepa L.) skin from three freshly cured and cold stored UK-grown onion cultivars Downes, Katherine; Chope, Gernma A.; Terry, Leon A. - POSTHARVEST BIOLOGY AND TECHNOLOGY Volume: 54 Issue: 2 Pages: 80-86 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2009.05.005 Published: NOV 2009 31. Antiproliferative and mutagenic activities of aqueous extract of Baccharis trimera (Less.) A. P. de Candolle and Baccharis articulata (Lam.) Pers. (Asteraceae) on the Allium cepa test system Fachinetto, J. M.; Tedesco, S. B. - Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais Volume: 11 Issue: 4 Pages: 360-367 Published: NOV 2009 32. Protective role of Royal Jelly (honeybee) on genotoxicity and lipid peroxidation, induced by petroleum wastewater, in Allium cepa L. root tips Turkmen, Zafer; Cavusoglu, Kueltigin; Cavusoglu, Kuersat; et al. - ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY Volume: 30 Issue: 11 Pages: 1205-1214 Article Number: PII 914859579 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593330903179757 Published: 2009 33. Genotoxicity of silver nanoparticles in Allium cepa Kumari, Mamta; Mukherjee, A.; Chandrasekaran, N. - SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT Volume: 407 Issue: 19 Pages: 5243-5246 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2009.06.024 Published: SEP 15 2009 34. Effect of nickel on root growth and the kinetics of metal ions transport in onion (Allium cepa) root Akbas, Halide; Dane, Feruzan; Meric, Ciler - INDIAN JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMISTRY & BIOPHYSICS Volume: 46 Issue: 4 Pages: 332-336 Published: AUG 2009 35. Genotoxic effects of mono-, di-, and trisodium phosphate on mitotic activity, DNA content, and nuclear volume in Allium cepa L. Sifa, Tuerkoglu - CARYOLOGIA Volume: 62 Issue: 3 Pages: 171-179 Published: JUL-SEP 2009 36. Fluoride toxicity effects in onion (Allium cepa L.) grown in contaminated soils Jha, S. K.; Nayak, A. K.; Sharma, Y. K. - CHEMOSPHERE Volume: 76 Issue: 3 Pages: 353-356 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2009.03.044 Published: JUL 2009 37. The Allium cepa bioassay to evaluate landfarming soil, before and after the addition of rice hulls to accelerate organic pollutants biodegradation Souza, T. S.; Hencklein, F. A.; Angelis, D. F.; et al. - ECOTOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY Volume: 72 Issue: 5 Pages: 1363-1368 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2009.01.009 Published: JUL 2009 38. Deficit irrigation effects on onion (Allium cepa L. ET Grano 502) yield in unheated greenhouse condition Ayas, Serhat; Demirtas, Cigdem - JOURNAL OF FOOD AGRICULTURE & ENVIRONMENT Volume: 7 Issue: 3-4 Pages: 239-243 Published: JUL-OCT 2009 39. Distribution of non-structural carbohydrates, sugars, flavonols and pyruvate in scales of onions, Allium cepa L. Slimestad, Rune; Vagen, Ingunn M. - JOURNAL OF FOOD AGRICULTURE & ENVIRONMENT Volume: 7 Issue: 3-4 Pages: 289-294 Published: JUL-OCT 2009 40. Accumulation of heavy metals in hydroponically cultivated garlic (Allium sativum L.), onion (Allium cepa L.), leek (Allium porrum L.) and chive (Allium schoenoprasum L.) Soudek, Petr; Kotyza, Jan; Lenikusova, Ivana; et al. - JOURNAL OF FOOD AGRICULTURE & ENVIRONMENT Volume: 7 Issue: 3-4 Pages: 761-769 Published: JUL-OCT 2009 41. Cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of cis-tetraammine(oxalato)ruthenium(III) dithionate on the root meristem cells of Allium cepa. Pereira, Flavia de Castro; Vilanova-Costa, Cesar Augusto Sam Tiago; de Lima, Aliny Pereira; et al. - Biological trace element research Volume: 128 Issue: 3 Pages: 258-68 Published: 2009-Jun (Epub 2008 Nov 20) 42. Cytotoxic and Genotoxic Effects of cis-Tetraammine(oxalato) Ruthenium(III) Dithionate on the Root Meristem Cells of Allium cepa Pereira, Flavia de Castro; Sam Tiago Vilanova-Costa, Cesar Augusto; de Lima, Aliny Pereira; et al. - BIOLOGICAL TRACE ELEMENT RESEARCH Volume: 128 Issue: 3 Pages: 258-268 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12011-008-8272-y Published: JUN 2009 43. Inhibition Effect on the Allium cepa L. Root Growth When Using Hexavalent Chromium-Doped River Waters Espinoza-Quinones, F. R.; Szymanski, N.; Palacio, S. M.; et al. - BULLETIN OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY Volume: 82 Issue: 6 Pages: 767-771 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00128-009-9682-z Published: JUN 2009 44. Evaluation of genotoxicity of coal fly ash in Allium cepa root cells by combining comet assay with the Allium test Chakraborty, Rajarshi; Mukherjee, Ashit Kumar; Mukherjee, Anita - ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT Volume: 153 Issue: 1-4 Pages: 351-357 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-008-0361-z Published: JUN 2009 45. Methanolic extract of onion (Allium cepa) attenuates ischemia/hypoxia-induced apoptosis in cardiomyocytes via antioxidant effect Park, Sok; Kim, Mi-Young; Lee, Dong Ha; et al. - EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NUTRITION Volume: 48 Issue: 4 Pages: 235-242 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-009-0007-0 Published: JUN 2009 46. Polyphenolics from various extracts/fractions of red onion (Allium cepa) peel with potent antioxidant and antimutagenic activities Singh, Brahma N.; Singh, B. R.; Singh, R. L.; et al. - FOOD AND CHEMICAL TOXICOLOGY Volume: 47 Issue: 6 Pages: 1161-1167 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2009.02.004 Published: JUN 2009 47. Biomonitoring Hospital Effluents by the Allium cepa L. Test Bagatini, M. D.; Vasconcelos, T. G.; Laughinghouse, H. D.; et al. - BULLETIN OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY Volume: 82 Issue: 5 Pages: 590-592 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00128-009-9666-z Published: MAY 2009 48. Determination of genotoxic effects of copper sulphate and cobalt chloride in Allium cepa root cells by chromosome aberration and comet assays Yildiz, Mustafa; Cigerci, Ibrahim Hakki; Konuk, Muhsin; et al. - CHEMOSPHERE Volume: 75 Issue: 7 Pages: 934-938 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2009.01.023 Published: MAY 2009 49. Comparison of Mono- and Di-Saccharides Release in Aqueous Solutions by Raw or Fried Dice of Onion (Allium Cepa L.) Bulbs using Quantitative Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (qNMR) Tardieu, Audrey; Guerez, Alice; Phana, Sidarin; et al. - JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE Volume: 74 Issue: 4 Pages: C319-C325 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2009.01129.x Published: MAY 2009 50. Study on the extracting conditions of phenolic compounds from onion (Allium cepa L.) de Souza, Michele Moraes; Recart, Vania Machado; da Rocha, Meritaine; et al. - Revista do Instituto Adolfo Lutz Volume: 68 Issue: 2 Pages: 192-200 Published: MAY-AUG 2009 51. Genotoxic and Antimutagenic Effects of Capparis spinosa L. on the Allium cepa L. Root Tip Meristem Cells Sultan, Aslantuerk Oezlem; Celik, Tuelay Askin - CARYOLOGIA Volume: 62 Issue: 2 Pages: 114-123 Published: APR-JUN 2009 52. Implementation of response surface methodology to optimise extraction of onion (Allium cepa) solid waste phenolics Kiassos, Elias; Mylonaki, Stefania; Makris, Dimitris P.; et al. - INNOVATIVE FOOD SCIENCE & EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES Volume: 10 Issue: 2 Pages: 246-252 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ifset.2008.10.004 Published: APR 2009 53. The effect of mycorrhizal fungi on onion (Allium cepa L.) growth and yield under three irrigation intervals at field condition Bolandnazar, Sahebali - JOURNAL OF FOOD AGRICULTURE & ENVIRONMENT Volume: 7 Issue: 2 Pages: 360-362 Published: APR 2009 54. ANTIOXIDANTS IN ONION (ALLIUM CEPA L) CULTIVARS GROWN IN INDIA Kaur, Charanjit; Joshi, S.; Kapoor, H. C. - JOURNAL OF FOOD BIOCHEMISTRY Volume: 33 Issue: 2 Pages: 184-200 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-4514.2009.00212.x Published: APR 2009 55. Anti-Allergic Effects of Herbal Product from Allium cepa (Bulb) Kaiser, P.; Youssouf, M. S.; Tasduq, S. A.; et al. - JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL FOOD Volume: 12 Issue: 2 Pages: 374-382 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/jmf.2007.0642 Published: APR 2009 56. Cytotoxic effects of infusions (tea) of Solidago microglossa DC. (Asteraceae) on the cell cycle of Allium cepa Bagatini, Margarete Dulce; Fachinetto, Juliana Maria; Ferreira da Silva, Antonio Carlos; et al. - REVISTA BRASILEIRA DE FARMACOGNOSIA-BRAZILIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACOGNOSY Volume: 19 Issue: 2B Pages: 632-636 Published: APR-JUN 2009 57. Mutagenic activity study of the plants Euphorbia milii and Ricinus communis L. through the Allium cepa test da Silva, Sueli A.; Ribeiro, Samuel G.; Bender, Ana Elisa N.; et al. - REVISTA BRASILEIRA DE FARMACOGNOSIA-BRAZILIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACOGNOSY Volume: 19 Issue: 2A Pages: 418-422 Published: APR-JUN 2009 58. Quercetin glycoside composition in onions (Allium cepa L. Chief, Denali, Sequoia and Cowboy) Lee, JiHyun; Mitchell, Alyson E. - ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY Volume: 237 Pages: 122-122 Meeting Abstract: 71-AGFD Published: MAR 22 2009 59. Genotoxicity assessment of water extracts of Ocimum gratissimum, Morinda lucida and Citrus medica using the Allium cepa assay Oyedare, Bernice M.; Bakare, Adekunle A.; Akinboro, Akeem - BOLETIN LATINOAMERICANO Y DEL CARIBE DE PLANTAS MEDICINALES Y AROMATICAS Volume: 8 Issue: 2 Pages: 97-103 Published: MAR 2009 60. EVALUATION OF ANDROGENIC ACTIVITY OF ALLIUM CEPA ON SPERMATOGENESIS IN RAT Khaki, Arash; Nouri, Mohammad; Hamadeh, Mohammad; et al. - JOURNAL OF ANDROLOGY Volume: 30 Supplement: S Pages: 35-35 Published: MAR-APR 2009 61. ANDROGENIC ACTIVITY OF ALLIUM CEPA ON SPERMATOGENESIS IN RAT Khaki, Arash - JOURNAL OF ANDROLOGY Pages: 63-63 Meeting Abstract: 94 Published: MAR-APR 2009 62. Implications of spatial and temporal changes in concentration of pyruvate and glucose in onion (Allium cepa L.) bulbs during controlled atmosphere storage Abayomi, Louise A.; Terry, Leon A. - JOURNAL OF THE SCIENCE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE Volume: 89 Issue: 4 Pages: 683-687 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.3502 Published: MAR 2009 63. Evaluation of androgenic activity of allium cepa on spermatogenesis in the rat Khaki, A.; Fathiazad, F.; Nouri, M.; et al. - FOLIA MORPHOLOGICA Volume: 68 Issue: 1 Pages: 45-51 Published: FEB 2009 64. Antagonistic effect of polyamines on ABA-induced suppression of mitosis in Allium cepa L. Mahajan, Arpana; Sharma, Shashi - INDIAN JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY Volume: 47 Issue: 2 Pages: 136-139 Published: FEB 2009 65. Fructans and major compounds in onion cultivars (Allium cepa) Galdon, B. Rodriguez; Rodriguez, C. Tascon; Rodriguez, E. M. Rodriguez; et al. - JOURNAL OF FOOD COMPOSITION AND ANALYSIS Volume: 22 Issue: 1 Pages: 25-32 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2008.07.007 Published: FEB 2009 66. Increasing mutagenicity of Sao Goncalo Channel waters based on the Allium cepa test Paiva, T. S.; Garcias, G. L.; Martino-Roth, M. G. - GENETICS AND MOLECULAR RESEARCH Volume: 8 Issue: 1 Pages: 299-309 Published: 2009 67. Two new steroidal saponins from the seeds of Allium cepa L. Yuan, Ling; Ji, Teng-Fei; Li, Chuang-Jun; et al. - JOURNAL OF ASIAN NATURAL PRODUCTS RESEARCH Volume: 11 Issue: 3 Pages: 213-218 Article Number: PII 910840170 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10286020802696411 Published: 2009 68. 1D AND 2D 1H-NMR ANALYSIS OF TASTE COMPOUNDS EXTRACTED FROM RAW OR FRIED ALLIUM CEPA L. TISSUES. METHODOLOGICAL QUESTIONS Tardieu, A.; de Man, W.; This, H. - Magnetic Resonance in Food Science: Challenges in a Changing World Pages: 167-176 Published: 2009 69. Correlation of Toxicity with Lead Content in Root Tip Cells (Allium cepa L.) Carruyo, Ingrid; Fernandez, Yusmary; Marcano, Letty; et al. - BIOLOGICAL TRACE ELEMENT RESEARCH Volume: 125 Issue: 3 Pages: 276-285 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12011-008-8175-y Published: DEC 2008 70. S-Alkenyl Cysteine Sulfoxide and Its Antioxidant Properties from Allium cepa var. tropeana (Red Onion) Seeds Dini, Irene; Tenore, Gian Carlo; Dini, Antonio - JOURNAL OF NATURAL PRODUCTS Volume: 71 Issue: 12 Pages: 2036-2037 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/np800237w Published: DEC 2008 71. Chemical compositions and Antioxidant/Anti-inflammatory Activities of Steam Distillate from Freeze-Dried Onion (Allium cepa L.) Sprout Takahashi, Mizuho; Shibamoto, Takayuki - JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY Volume: 56 Issue: 22 Pages: 10462-10467 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf801220b Published: NOV 26 2008 72. Genotoxicity of cadmium on root meristem cells of Allium cepa: cytogenetic and Comet assay approach Seth, C. S.; Misra, V.; Chauhan, L. K. S.; et al. - ECOTOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY Volume: 71 Issue: 3 Pages: 711-716 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2008.02.003 Published: NOV 2008 73. Hypouricemic and antioxidant activities of Allium cepa Lilliaceae and quercetin in normal and hyperuricemic rats Haidari, Fatemeh; Rashidi, Mohammad R.; Eshraghian, Mohammad R.; et al. - SAUDI MEDICAL JOURNAL Volume: 29 Issue: 11 Pages: 1573-1579 Published: NOV 2008 74. [Mechanisms of action of plant resistance inductor beta-aminobutyric acid in Allium cepa]. Poliakovskii, S A; Kravchuk, Zh N; Dmitriev, A P - T͡Sitologii͡a i genetika Volume: 42 Issue: 6 Pages: 8-12 Published: 2008 Nov-Dec 75. Flavonoids in Onion Cultivars (Allium cepa L.) Rodriguez Galdon, B.; Rodriguez Rodriguez, E. M.; Diaz Romero, C. - JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE Volume: 73 Issue: 8 Pages: C599-C605 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2008.00903.x Published: OCT 2008 76. Cytotoxic effects of five commonly abused skin toning (bleaching) creams on Allium cepa root tip mitosis. Udengwu, O S; Chukwujekwu, J C - Pakistan journal of biological sciences: PJBS Volume: 11 Issue: 18 Pages: 2184-92 Published: 2008-Sep-15 77. Tretinoin-loaded Polymeric Nanocapsules: Evaluation of the Potential to Improve the Antiproliferative Activities on Allium cepa root-tip Compared to the Free Drug Fachinetto, Juliana M.; Ourique, Aline F.; Lubini, Greice; et al. - LATIN AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Volume: 27 Issue: 5 Pages: 668-673 Published: SEP-OCT 2008 78. Organic acid contents in onion cultivars (Allium cepa L.) Rodriguez Galdon, Beatriz; Tascon Rodriguez, Catalina; Rodriguez Rodriguez, Elena; et al. - JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY Volume: 56 Issue: 15 Pages: 6512-6519 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf800282h Published: AUG 13 2008 79. Action mechanisms of petroleum hydrocarbons present in waters impacted by an oil spill on the genetic material of Allium cepa root cells Leme, Daniela Morais; de Angelis, Dejanira de Franceschi; Marin-Morales, Maria Aparecida - AQUATIC TOXICOLOGY Volume: 88 Issue: 4 Pages: 214-219 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aquatox.2008.04.012 Published: JUL 30 2008 80. Comparison of mineral and trace element contents in onion cultivars (Allium cepa L.) Galdon, Beatriz Rodriguez; Gonzalez, Rafael Oropeza; Rodriguez, Elena Rodriguez; et al. - JOURNAL OF THE SCIENCE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE Volume: 88 Issue: 9 Pages: 1554-1561 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.3250 Published: JUL 2008 81. Vasorelaxant and hypotensive effects of Allium cepa peel hydroalcoholic extract in rat. Naseri, Mohammad Kazem Gharib; Arabian, Maedeh; Badavi, Mohammad; et al. - Pakistan journal of biological sciences: PJBS Volume: 11 Issue: 12 Pages: 1569-75 Published: 2008-Jun-15 82. Aluminium induced oxidative stress and DNA damage in root cells of Allium cepa L. Achary, V. Mohan Murali; Jena, Suprava; Panda, Kamal K.; et al. - ECOTOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY Volume: 70 Issue: 2 Pages: 300-310 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2007.10.022 Published: JUN 2008 83. Evaluation of genotoxic effects of sodium propionate, calcium propionate and potassium propionate on the root meristem cells of Allium cepa Tuerkoglu, Sifa - FOOD AND CHEMICAL TOXICOLOGY Volume: 46 Issue: 6 Pages: 2035-2041 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2008.01.043 Published: JUN 2008 84. Characterisation of onion (Allium cepa L.) by-products as food ingredients with antioxidant and antibrowning properties Roldan, Eduvigis; Sanchez-Moreno, Concepcion; de Ancos, Begoha; et al. - FOOD CHEMISTRY Volume: 108 Issue: 3 Pages: 907-916 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.11.058 Published: JUN 1 2008 85. Quercetin from shallots (Allium cepa L. var. aggregatum) is more bioavailable than its glucosides Wiczkowski, Wieslaw; Romaszko, Jerzy; Bucinski, Adam; et al. - JOURNAL OF NUTRITION Volume: 138 Issue: 5 Pages: 885-888 Published: MAY 2008 86. Structural and chemical differences in the cell wall regions in relation to scale firmness of three onion (Allium cepa L.) selections at harvest and during storage Coolong, Timothy W.; Randle, William M.; Wicker, Louise - JOURNAL OF THE SCIENCE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE Volume: 88 Issue: 7 Pages: 1277-1286 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.3219 Published: MAY 2008 87. An experimental study of hemolysis induced by onion (Allium cepa) poisoning in dogs Tang, X.; Xia, Z.; Yu, J. - JOURNAL OF VETERINARY PHARMACOLOGY AND THERAPEUTICS Volume: 31 Issue: 2 Pages: 143-149 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2885.2007.00930.x Published: APR 2008 88. Characterization of some extractive fractions isolated from raw Allium cepa L. bulbs. Tataringa, Gabriela; Miron, Anca; Paduraru, Ioana; et al. - Revista medico-chirurgicală a Societăt̜ii de Medici şi Naturalişti din Iaşi Volume: 112 Issue: 2 Pages: 522-4 Published: 2008 Apr-Jun 89. Effects of polyamines and polyamine biosynthetic inhibitors on mitotic activity of Allium cepa root tips Unal, Meral; Palavan-Unsal, Narcin; Tufekci, M. A. - ACTA BIOLOGICA HUNGARICA Volume: 59 Issue: 1 Pages: 93-102 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1556/ABiol.59.2008.1.8 Published: MAR 2008 90. Antispasmodic activity of onion (Allium cepa L.) peel extract on rat ileum Naseri, Mohammad Kazem Gharib; Yahyavi, Hoda; Arabian, Maedeh - IRANIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH Volume: 7 Issue: 2 Pages: 155-159 Published: SPR 2008 91. Neuroprotective effect of methanolic extracts of Allium cepa on ischemia and reperfusion-induced cerebral injury Shri, Richa; Bora, Kundan Singh - FITOTERAPIA Volume: 79 Issue: 2 Pages: 86-96 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fitote.2007.06.013 Published: FEB 2008 92. Amount of characteristic compounds in 15 cultivars of onion (Allium cepa L.) in controlled field trials Vagen, Ingunn M.; Slimestad, Rune - JOURNAL OF THE SCIENCE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE Volume: 88 Issue: 3 Pages: 404-411 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.3100 Published: FEB 2008 93. Chromosome aberration and micronucleus frequencies in Allium cepa cells exposed to petroleum polluted water - A case study Leme, Daniela Morais; Marin-Morales, Maria Aparecida - MUTATION RESEARCH-GENETIC TOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL MUTAGENESIS Volume: 650 Issue: 1 Pages: 80-86 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mrgentox.2007.10.006 Published: JAN 31 2008 94. Organically fertilized onions (Allium cepa L.): Effects of the fertilizer placement method on quercetin content and soil nitrogen dynamics Mogren, Lars M.; Caspersen, Siri; Olsson, Marie E.; et al. - JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY Volume: 56 Issue: 2 Pages: 361-367 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf071813a Published: JAN 23 2008 95. Effects of dietary onion (Allium cepa L.) in a high-fat diet streptozotocin-induced diabetes rodent model Islam, M. Shahidul; Choi, Haymie; Loots, Du Toit - ANNALS OF NUTRITION AND METABOLISM Volume: 53 Issue: 1 Pages: 6-12 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000152868 Published: 2008 96. Antidepressant-like effect of onion (Allium cepa L.) powder in a rat behavioral model of depression Sakakibara, Hiroyuki; Yoshino, Saki; Kawai, Yoshichika; et al. - BIOSCIENCE BIOTECHNOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY Volume: 72 Issue: 1 Pages: 94-100 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1271/bbb.70454 Published: JAN 2008 97. Comparative investigations of cytotoxic action of anticancer drugs Taxol and Taxotere on meristematic cells of Allium cepa Agnieszka, Majewska; Sliwinska, Elwira; Wierzbicka, Malgorzata; et al. - CARYOLOGIA Volume: 61 Issue: 1 Pages: 26-44 Published: JAN-MAR 2008 98. ETHNOBOTANICAL STUDIES ON MEDICINAL PLANT : ALLIUM CEPA L. (ONION) Saxena, Kapil Kumar; Saxena, Anil Kumar; Prajapati, Shikha; et al. - Journal of Phytological Research Volume: 21 Issue: 2 Pages: 315-317 Published: 2008 99. Suppression of long-term kindled seizures induced alterations in hematopoietic functions in bone marrow cells by essential oil from Allium cepa Simjee, S. U.; Salim, A.; Khan, R. - Society for Neuroscience Abstract Viewer and Itinerary Planner Volume: 38 Published: 2008 100. Antioxidative activities of the ethyl acetate fraction from heated onion (Allium cepa) Lee, Youn Ri; Hwang, In Guk; Woo, Koan Silk; et al. - FOOD SCIENCE AND BIOTECHNOLOGY Volume: 16 Issue: 6 Pages: 1041-1045 Published: DEC 2007 101. Effect of heating on onion (Allium cepa L.) antiplatelet activity and pungency sensory perception Cavagnaro, P. F.; Sance, M. M.; Galmarini, C. R. - FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY INTERNATIONAL Volume: 13 Issue: 6 Pages: 447-453 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1082013207088108 Published: DEC 2007 102. A pyruvate dehydrogenase-based amperometric biosensor for assessing pungency in onions (Allium cepa L.) Abayomi, L.A.; Terry, L.A. - Sensing and Instrumentation for Food Quality and Safety Volume: 1 Issue: 4 Pages: 183-7 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11694-007-9027-8 Published: Dec. 2007 103. Effects of anthocyanin-rich extract from red cabbage leaves on meristematic cells of Allium cepa L. roots treated with heavy metals Glinska, Slawa; Bartczak, Magdalena; Oleksiak, Sylwia; et al. - ECOTOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY Volume: 68 Issue: 3 Pages: 343-350 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2007.02.004 Published: NOV 2007 104. Changes in the antioxidant activity of onion (Allium cepa) extracts with heat treatment Woo, Koan Sik; Hwang, In Guk; Kim, The Myoung; et al. - FOOD SCIENCE AND BIOTECHNOLOGY Volume: 16 Issue: 5 Pages: 828-831 Published: OCT 2007 105. Effect of formulated zimmu (Allium cepa L. x Allium sativum L.) extract in the management of grain mold of sorghum Karthikeyan, Muthusamy; Sandosskumar, Rajendran; Radhajeyalakshmi, Raju; et al. - JOURNAL OF THE SCIENCE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE Volume: 87 Issue: 13 Pages: 2495-2501 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.3010 Published: OCT 2007 106. Mechanisms of toxicity of onion extract (Allium cepa) in erythroleukemic cell lines with and without MDR phenotype Votto, A. P. S.; Domingues, B. S.; Dias, M. C.; et al. - COMPARATIVE BIOCHEMISTRY AND PHYSIOLOGY A-MOLECULAR & INTEGRATIVE PHYSIOLOGY Volume: 148 Supplement: 1 Pages: S12-S12 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpa.2007.06.028 Published: AUG 2007 107. Cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of aqueous extracts of five medicinal plants on Allium cepa Linn Akinboro, A.; Bakare, A. A. - JOURNAL OF ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY Volume: 112 Issue: 3 Pages: 470-475 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2007.04.014 Published: JUL 25 2007 108. Modified method for rapid quantitation of S-alk(en)yl-L-cysteine sulfoxide in yellow onions (Allium cepa L.) Wang, Hui; Li, Jingming; Wang, Zhengfu; et al. - JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY Volume: 55 Issue: 14 Pages: 5429-5435 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf070298d Published: JUL 11 2007 109. Effect of lactic acid fermentation of onions (Allium cepa) on the composition of flavonol glucosides Bisakowski, Barbara; Atwal, Avtar S.; Gardner, Nancy; et al. - INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Volume: 42 Issue: 7 Pages: 783-789 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.2006.01268.x Published: JUL 2007 110. Antimutagenic potential of curcumin on chromosomal aberrations in Allium cepa Ragunathan, Irulappan; Panneerselvam, Natarajan - Journal of Zhejiang University-Science B Volume: 8 Issue: 7 Pages: 470-475 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1631/jzus.2007.B0470 Published: JUL 2007 111. Inhibition of Aspergillus flavus growth and detoxification of aflatoxin B-1 by the medicinal plant zimmu (Allium sativum L. x Allium cepa L.) Sandosskumar, R.; Karthikeyan, M.; Mathiyazhagan, S.; et al. - WORLD JOURNAL OF MICROBIOLOGY & BIOTECHNOLOGY Volume: 23 Issue: 7 Pages: 1007-1014 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11274-006-9327-x Published: JUL 2007 112. Cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of Ecballium elaterium fruit juice on onion (Allium cepa L) Root-tip cells Celik, Tulay Askin; Aslanturk, Ozlem Sultan - DRUGS OF THE FUTURE Volume: 32 Supplement: A Pages: 59-60 Published: JUL 2007 113. Allium cepa chromosome aberration and micronucleus tests applied to study genotoxicity of extracts from pesticide-treated vegetables and grapes Feretti, D.; Zerbini, I.; Zani, C.; et al. - FOOD ADDITIVES AND CONTAMINANTS PART A-CHEMISTRY ANALYSIS CONTROL EXPOSURE & RISK ASSESSMENT Volume: 24 Issue: 6 Pages: 561-572 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02652030601113602 Published: 2007 114. Effects of onion (Allium cepa) skin extract on pancreatic lipase and body weight-related parameters Kim, Hye Young - FOOD SCIENCE AND BIOTECHNOLOGY Volume: 16 Issue: 3 Pages: 434-438 Published: JUN 2007 115. Quercetin content in stored onions (Allium cepa L.): effects ot storage conditions, cultivar, lifting time and nitrogen fertiliser level Mogren, Lars M.; Olsson, Marie E.; Gertsson, Ulla E. - JOURNAL OF THE SCIENCE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE Volume: 87 Issue: 8 Pages: 1595-1602 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2904 Published: JUN 2007 116. Changes in cell wall degrading enzymes and scale firmness during storage of onion (Allium cepa l.) Coolong, Timothy W.; Randle, William M. - HORTSCIENCE Volume: 42 Issue: 3 Pages: 458-458 Published: JUN 2007 117. Effect of extraction procedure on measured sugar concentrations in onion (Allium cepa L.) bulbs Davis, Frank; Terry, Leon A.; Chope, Gemma A.; et al. - JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY Volume: 55 Issue: 11 Pages: 4299-4306 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf063170p Published: MAY 30 2007 118. Isolation and identification of potential cancer chemopreventive agents from methanolic extracts of green onion (Allium cepa) Xiao, Hang; Parkin, Kirk L. - PHYTOCHEMISTRY Volume: 68 Issue: 7 Pages: 1059-1067 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2007.01.021 Published: APR 2007 119. Lipid lowering effect of S-methyl cysteine sulfoxide from Allium cepa Linn in high cholesterol diet fed rats Kumari, Kumud; Augusti, K. T. - JOURNAL OF ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY Volume: 109 Issue: 3 Pages: 367-371 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2006.07.045 Published: FEB 12 2007 120. Effects of cultivar, lifting time and nitrogen fertiliser level on quercetin content in onion(Allium cepa L.) at lifting Mogren, Lars M.; Olsson, Marie E.; Gertsson, Ulla E. - JOURNAL OF THE SCIENCE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE Volume: 87 Issue: 3 Pages: 470-476 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2735 Published: FEB 2007 121. Genotoxicity of five food preservatives tested on root tips of Allium cepa L. Turkoglu, Sifa - MUTATION RESEARCH-GENETIC TOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL MUTAGENESIS Volume: 626 Issue: 1-2 Pages: 4-14 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mrgentox.2006.07.006 Published: JAN 10 2007 122. Profiling and quantifying quercetin glucosides in onion (Allium cepa L.) varieties using capillary zone electrophoresis and high performance liquid chromatography Caridi, Domenico; Trenerry, V. Craige; Rochfort, Simone; et al. - FOOD CHEMISTRY Volume: 105 Issue: 2 Pages: 691-699 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2006.12.063 Published: 2007 123. Antioxidant and free radical scavenging activities of phenols from onion (Allium cepa) Prakash, Dhan; Singh, Brahma N.; Upadhyay, Garima - FOOD CHEMISTRY Volume: 102 Issue: 4 Pages: 1389-1393 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2006.06.063 Published: 2007 124. Assessment of bulb pungency level in different Indian cultivars of onion (Allium cepa L.) Dhumal, Kondiram; Datir, Sagar; Pandey, Raj - FOOD CHEMISTRY Volume: 100 Issue: 4 Pages: 1328-1330 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.11.044 Published: 2007 125. Effects of the plant steroidal hormone, 24-epibrassinolide, on the mitotic index and growth of onion (Allium cepa) root tips Howell, W. M.; Keller, G. E., III; Kirkpatrick, J. D.; et al. - GENETICS AND MOLECULAR RESEARCH Volume: 6 Issue: 1 Pages: 50-58 Published: 2007 126. Adenosine 5'-phosphosulphate reductase is regulated differently in Allium cepa L. and Brassica oleracea L. upon exposure to H2S Durenkamp, Mark; De Kok, Lult J.; Kopriva, Stanislav - JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BOTANY Volume: 58 Issue: 7 Pages: 1571-1579 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erm031 Published: 2007 127. Amino acids of matrix tinctures of bulb onion (Allium cepa L.) of different varieties and garden garlic (Allium sativum L.) Nefedova, A. V.; Kiseleva, T. L.; Baratova, L. A. - Farmatsiya (Moscow) Issue: 4 Pages: 20-23 Published: 2007 128. Cytotoxicity of some common food colours on root meristem of Allium cepa (L.) and Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herbert Abraham, Maneesha; Reghuvaran, Drishva K.; Varghese, M. C.; et al. - Journal of Phytological Research Volume: 20 Issue: 2 Pages: 199-206 Published: 2007 129. Anti-mitotic and anti-genotoxic effects of Plantago lanceolata aqueous extract on Allium cepa root tip meristem cells Celik, Tulay Askin; Aslanturk, Ozlem Sultan - BIOLOGIA Volume: 61 Issue: 6 Pages: 693-697 Published: NOV 2006 130. [The influence of cadmium and potassium on the level of cytogenetic effects induced by thorium-232 in Allium cepa root meristem]. Evseeva, T I; Maistrenko, T A; Geras'kin, S A; et al. - T͡Sitologii͡a i genetika Volume: 40 Issue: 6 Pages: 50-8 Published: 2006 Nov-Dec 131. Biochemical constituents of Allium cepa L. bulbs under the influence of maleic hydrazide Sabale, Anjali; Mane, Anjali - Crop Research (Hisar) Volume: 32 Issue: 3 Pages: 517-519 Published: NOV 2006 132. Effects of Pterocaulon polystachyum DC. (Asteraceae) on onion (Allium cepa) root-tip cells Knoll, Michelle Frainer; Ferreira da Silva, Antonio Carlos; do Canto-Dorow, Thais Scotti; et al. - GENETICS AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY Volume: 29 Issue: 3 Pages: 539-542 Published: SEP 2006 133. Quercetin content in field-cured onions (Allium cepa L.): Effects of cultivar, lifting time, and nitrogen fertilizer level Mogren, Lars M.; Olsson, Marie E.; Gertsson, Ulla E. - JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY Volume: 54 Issue: 17 Pages: 6185-6191 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf060980s Published: AUG 23 2006 134. Determination of vanadium accumulation in onion root cells (Allium cepa L.) and its correlation with toxicity Marcano, Letty; Carruyo, Ingrid; Fernandez, Yusmary; et al. - BIOCELL Volume: 30 Issue: 2 Pages: 259-267 Published: 2006 135. In vitro antifungal activities of Allium cepa, Allium sativum and ketoconazole against some pathogenic yeasts and dermatophytes Shams-Ghahfarokhi, Masoomeh; Shokoohamiri, Mohammad-Reza; Amirrajab, Nasrin; et al. - FITOTERAPIA Volume: 77 Issue: 4 Pages: 321-323 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fitote.2006.03.014 Published: JUN 2006 136. Antibacterial and antioxidant activities of quercetin oxidation products from yellow onion (Allium cepa) skin Ramos, FA; Takaishi, Y; Shirotori, M; et al. - JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY Volume: 54 Issue: 10 Pages: 3551-3557 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf060251c Published: MAY 17 2006 137. Development of a disposable pyruvate biosensor to determine pungency in onions (Allium cepa L.) Abayomi, LA; Terry, LA; White, SF; et al. - BIOSENSORS & BIOELECTRONICS Volume: 21 Issue: 11 Pages: 2176-2179 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bios.2005.10.024 Published: MAY 15 2006 138. Quercetin reduces chromosome aberrations induced by atrazine in the Allium cepa test Mastrangelo, S; Tomassetti, M; Carratu, MR; et al. - ENVIRONMENTAL AND MOLECULAR MUTAGENESIS Volume: 47 Issue: 4 Pages: 254-259 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/em.20199 Published: MAY 2006 139. Evaluation of cytotoxic potential of latex of Calotropis procera and podophyllotoxin in Allum cepa root model Sehgal, R; Roy, S; Kumar, VL - BIOCELL Volume: 30 Issue: 1 Pages: 9-13 Published: 2006 140. Kaempferol glycosedes from Allium cepa and Raphanus sativus Muminova, B. A.; Batirov, E. K.; Yuldashev, M. P.; et al. - CHEMISTRY OF NATURAL COMPOUNDS Volume: 42 Issue: 1 Pages: 110-111 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10600-006-0051-4 Published: JAN-FEB 2006 141. Determination of selenium in garlic (Allium sativum) and onion (Allium cepa) by electro thermal atomic absorption spectrometry Izgi, B; Gucer, S; Jacimovic, R - FOOD CHEMISTRY Volume: 99 Issue: 3 Pages: 630-637 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.08.033 Published: 2006 142. Air drying behaviour of fresh and osmotically dehydrated onion slices (Allium cepa) and tomato fruits (Lycopersicon esculentum) Tsamo, Claudine Valerie Passo; Bilame, Anny-Flore; Ndjouenkeu, Robert - INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD PROPERTIES Volume: 9 Issue: 4 Pages: 877-888 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10942910600744098 Published: 2006 143. [Research concerning the characterization of Allium cepa based ointments]. Gafitanu, Eliza; Tataringa, Gabriela; Ghiciuc, Cristina; et al. - Revista medico-chirurgicală a Societăt̜ii de Medici şi Naturalişti din Iaşi Volume: 110 Issue: 1 Pages: 215-8 Published: 2006 Jan-Mar 144. Characterization of bacteria isolated from rotted onions (Allium cepa). Lee, Chan-Jung; Lim, Si-Kyu; Kim, Byung-Chun; et al. - Korean Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology Volume: 33 Issue: 4 Pages: 248-254 Published: DEC 2005 145. Bioremediation of municipal sludge by vermitechnology and toxicity assessment by Allium cepa Srivastava, R; Kumar, D; Gupta, SK - BIORESOURCE TECHNOLOGY Volume: 96 Issue: 17 Pages: 1867-1871 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2005.01.029 Published: NOV 2005 146. Prevention of lead toxicity in Allium cepa root tip cells with myrobalan (fruit of Terminalia chebula) Rathore, H. S.; Makwana, Mukesh - Biochemical and Cellular Archives Volume: 5 Issue: 2 Pages: 169-176 Published: OCT 2005 147. Effects of onion aqueous extract under the renal function and the arterial pressure in Wistar rats. Campos, K. E.; Balbi, A. P. C.; Alves, M. J. Q. F. - Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais Volume: 8 Issue: 1 Pages: 24-29 Published: OCT 2005 148. Quercetin in onion ( Allium cepa L.) after heat-treatment simulating home preparation Thompson, L.; Lombard, K.; Peffley, E.; et al. - Journal of Food Composition and Analysis Volume: 18 Issue: 6 Pages: 571-81 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2004.03.027 Published: Sept. 2005 149. Quercetin in onion (Allium cepa L.) after heat-treatment simulating home preparation Lombard, K; Peffley, E; Geoffriau, E; et al. - JOURNAL OF FOOD COMPOSITION AND ANALYSIS Volume: 18 Issue: 6 Pages: 571-581 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2004.03.027 Published: SEP 2005 150. [Toxic and cytogenetic effects induced in Allium cepa with low concenrations of Cd and 232th]. Evseeva, T I; Maistrenko, T A; Geras'kin, S A; et al. - T͡Sitologii͡a i genetika Volume: 39 Issue: 5 Pages: 73-80 Published: 2005 Sep-Oct 151. Evaluation of carbohydrates in pukekohe longkeeper and Grano cultivars of Allium cepa (vol 52, pg 5383, 2004) O'Donoghue, EM; Somerfield, SD; Shaw, M; et al. - JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY Volume: 53 Issue: 16 Pages: 6564-6564 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf058120j Published: AUG 10 2005 152. Effect of Nigella sativa and Allium cepa oils on Trichinella spiralis in experimentally infected rats Abu El Ezz, Nadia M. T. - Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology Volume: 35 Issue: 2 Pages: 511-523 Published: AUG 2005 153. [Phytochemical and microbiological characterization of two Allium cepa L. extracts in order to include in dermo-cosmetics]. Tataringa, Gabriela; Hancianu, Monica; Aprotosoaie, Clara; et al. - Revista medico-chirurgicală a Societăt̜ii de Medici şi Naturalişti din Iaşi Volume: 109 Issue: 3 Pages: 676-9 Published: 2005 Jul-Sep 154. Certain antioxidant enzymes of Allium cepa as biomarkers for the detection of toxic heavy metals in wastewater Fatima, RA; Ahmad, M - SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT Volume: 346 Issue: 1-3 Pages: 256-273 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2004.12.004 Published: JUN 15 2005 155. Two different Bacillus thuringiensis toxin genes confer resistance to beet armyworm (Spodoptera exigua Hubner) in transgenic Bt-shallots (Allium cepa L.) Zheng, SJ; Henken, B; de Maagd, RA; et al. - TRANSGENIC RESEARCH Volume: 14 Issue: 3 Pages: 261-272 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11248-005-0109-2 Published: JUN 2005 156. A gamma-glutamyl peptide isolated from onion (Allium cepa L.) by bioassay-guided fractionation inhibits resorption activity of osteoclasts Wetli, HA; Brenneisen, R; Tschudi, I; et al. - JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY Volume: 53 Issue: 9 Pages: 3408-3414 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf040457l Published: MAY 4 2005 157. Flavonol glucoside profile of southern Italian red onion (Allium cepa L.) Bonaccorsi, P; Caristi, C; Gargiulli, C; et al. - JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY Volume: 53 Issue: 7 Pages: 2733-2740 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf048152r Published: APR 6 2005 158. Variation of fructooligosaccharides and their metabolizing enzymes in onion bulb (Allium cepa L. cv. Tenshin) during long-term storage Benkeblia, N; Ueno, K; Onodera, S; et al. - JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE Volume: 70 Issue: 3 Pages: S208-S214 Published: APR 2005 159. Antispasmodic saponins from bulbs of red onion, Allium cepa L. var. Tropea Corea, G; Fattorusso, E; Lanzotti, V; et al. - JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY Volume: 53 Issue: 4 Pages: 935-940 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf048404o Published: FEB 23 2005 160. Effectiveness of household natural sanitizers in the elimination of Salmonella typhimurium on rocket (Eruca sativa Miller) and spring onion (Allium cepa L.) Sengun, Ilkin Yucel; Karapinar, Mehmet - International Journal of Food Microbiology Volume: 98 Issue: 3 Pages: 319-323 Published: February 15, 2005 161. Effectiveness of household natural sanitizers in the elimination of Salmonella typhimurium on rocket (Eruca sativa Miller) and spring onion (Allium cepa L.) Sengun, MY; Karapinar, M - INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD MICROBIOLOGY Volume: 98 Issue: 3 Pages: 319-323 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijfoodchem.2004.07.011 Published: FEB 15 2005 162. Effectiveness of household natural sanitizers in the elimination of Salmonella typhimurium on rocket (Eruca sativa Miller) and spring onion (Allium cepa L.). Yucel Sengun, Ilkin; Karapinar, Mehmet - International journal of food microbiology Volume: 98 Issue: 3 Pages: 319-23 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2004.07.011 Published: 2005-Feb-15 163. Changes in intracellular and apoplastic peroxidase activity, ascorbate redox status, and root elongation induced by enhanced ascorbate content in Allium cepa L. Cordoba-Pedregosa, Maria del Carmen; Villalba, Jose Manuel; Cordoba, Francisco; et al. - Journal of experimental botany Volume: 56 Issue: 412 Pages: 685-94 Published: 2005-Feb (Epub 2004 Dec 06) 164. The effects of fungicide benomyl (benlate) on growth and mitosis in onion (Allium cepa L.) root apical meristem Dane, F; Dalgic, O - ACTA BIOLOGICA HUNGARICA Volume: 56 Issue: 1-2 Pages: 119-128 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1556/ABiol.56.2005.1-2.12 Published: 2005 165. The cytogenetic effects of avenoxan on Allium cepa and its relation with pollen sterility Kaymak, F; Muranli, FDG - ACTA BIOLOGICA HUNGARICA Volume: 56 Issue: 3-4 Pages: 313-321 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1556/ABiol.56.2005.3-4.14 Published: 2005 166. Gamma-ray sanitization of Argentinean dehydrated garlic (Allium sativum L.) and onion (Allium cepa L.) products Pezzutti, A; Marucci, PL; Sica, MG; et al. - FOOD RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL Volume: 38 Issue: 7 Pages: 797-802 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2005.03.007 Published: 2005 167. Study of material transfer during osmotic dehydration of onion slices (Allium cepa) and tomato fruits (Lycopersicon esculentum) Tsamo, CVP; Bilame, AF; Ndjouenkeu, R; et al. - LWT-FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Volume: 38 Issue: 5 Pages: 495-500 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2004.07.015 Published: 2005 168. Efficient plant regeneration from suspension cells of Allium cepa L. Zhang, WB; Lin, XF; Takano, H; et al. - PLANT CELL REPORTS Volume: 23 Issue: 6 Pages: 371-376 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00299-004-0839-2 Published: NOV 2004 169. Effect of gamma irradiation and temperature on fructans (fructo-oligosaccharides) of stored onion bulbs Allium cepa L Benkeblia, N; Onodera, S; Shiomi, N - FOOD CHEMISTRY Volume: 87 Issue: 3 Pages: 377-382 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2003.12.010 Published: SEP 2004 170. Evaluation of carbohydrates in Pukekohe Longkeeper and Grano cultivars of Allium cepa O'Donoghue, EM; Somerfield, SD; Shaw, M; et al. - JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY Volume: 52 Issue: 17 Pages: 5383-5390 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf030832r Published: AUG 25 2004 171. Chemical characterization of interspecific hybrids between Allium cepa L. and Allium kermesinum Rchb. Storsberg, J; Schulz, H; Keusgen, M; et al. - JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY Volume: 52 Issue: 17 Pages: 5499-5505 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf049684a Published: AUG 25 2004 172. Microbiological study of garlic (Allium sativum L.) and onion (Allium cepa L.) dehydrated Fuselli, S. 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Effects of cultural practices at harvest on onion (Allium cepa) bulb quality and incidence of bacterial soft rot and fungal moulds after simulated shipping Wright, PJ; Triggs, CM - NEW ZEALAND JOURNAL OF CROP AND HORTICULTURAL SCIENCE Volume: 32 Issue: 2 Pages: 185-192 Published: JUN 2004 177. Quantitation of the intense aroma compound 3-mercapto-2-methylpentan-1-ol in raw and processed onions (Allium cepa) of different origins and in other Allium varieties using a stable isotope dilution assay Granvogl, M; Christlbauer, M; Schieberle, P - JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY Volume: 52 Issue: 10 Pages: 2797-2802 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf0498741 Published: MAY 19 2004 178. Factors affecting quality traits of onion (Allium cepa L.) bulbs for the production of onion juice concentrate and onion oil Resemann, J; Bufler, G; Liebig, HP; et al. - EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF HORTICULTURAL SCIENCE Volume: 69 Issue: 2 Pages: 45-52 Published: MAY 2004 179. Genotoxicity of locally-available commercial fruit and vegetable rinse on onion (Allium cepa). Lopez, AG - ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY Volume: 227 Pages: U314-U315 Part: Part 1 Meeting Abstract: 008-CHAS Published: MAR 28 2004 180. Non-structural carbohydrates in processed soft fried onion (Allium cepa L.) Kaack, K; Christensen, LP; Hansen, SL; et al. - EUROPEAN FOOD RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY Volume: 218 Issue: 4 Pages: 372-379 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00217-003-0869-y Published: MAR 2004 181. Isolation of allicepin, a novel antifungal peptide from onion (Allium cepa) bulbs Wang, HX; Ng, TB - JOURNAL OF PEPTIDE SCIENCE Volume: 10 Issue: 3 Pages: 173-177 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/psc.509 Published: MAR 2004 182. Cytotoxicity and mode of action of maleic hydrazide in root tips of Allium cepa L. Marcano, L; Carruyo, I; Del Campo, A; et al. - ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH Volume: 94 Issue: 2 Pages: 221-226 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0013-9351(03)00121-X Published: FEB 2004 183. Storage behaviour of onion (Allium cepa L.) varieties under the influence of preharvest and postharvest treatment of maleic hydrazide and carbendazim Sabale, A.; Kalebere, S. - Acta Botanica Hungarica Volume: 46 Issue: 3-4 Pages: 395-400 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1556/ABot.46.2004.3-4.11 Published: 2004 184. Effect of maleic hydrazide on respiratory parameters of stored onion bulbs (Allium cepa L.) Benkeblia, Noureddine - Brazilian Journal of Plant Physiology Volume: 16 Issue: 1 Pages: 47-52 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1677-04202004000100007 Published: January 2004 185. Clastogenicity of atrazine assessed with the Allium cepa test Bolle, P; Mastrangelo, S; Tucci, P; et al. - ENVIRONMENTAL AND MOLECULAR MUTAGENESIS Volume: 43 Issue: 2 Pages: 137-141 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/em.20007 Published: 2004 186. Antimicrobial activity of essential oil extracts of various onions (Allium cepa) and garlic (Allium sativum) Benkeblia, N - LEBENSMITTEL-WISSENSCHAFT UND-TECHNOLOGIE-FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Volume: 37 Issue: 2 Pages: 263-268 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2003.09.001 Published: 2004 187. Hepatoprotective effects of Allium cepa Linn extract on acetaminophen-induced liver damage in mice Lee, KJ; Kim, DS; Seo, ES; et al. - FOOD SCIENCE AND BIOTECHNOLOGY Volume: 12 Issue: 6 Pages: 612-616 Published: DEC 2003 188. [Genotoxic effects of pesticide-treated vegetable extracts using the Allium cepa chromosome aberration and micronucleus tests]. Biscardi, D; De Fusco, R; Feretti, D; et al. - Annali di igiene : medicina preventiva e di comunita Volume: 15 Issue: 6 Pages: 1077-84 Published: 2003 Nov-Dec 189. Effect of nitrous oxide (N2O) on respiration rate, soluble sugars and quality attributes of onion bulbs Allium cepa cv. Rouge Amposta during storage Benkeblia, N; Varoquaux, P - POSTHARVEST BIOLOGY AND TECHNOLOGY Volume: 30 Issue: 2 Pages: 161-168 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0925-5214(03)00101- Published: NOV 2003 190. Drying characteristics of shredded onion (Allium cepa) Viswanathan, R; Hulasare, R; Jayas, DS - JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY-MYSORE Volume: 40 Issue: 5 Pages: 521-524 Published: SEP-OCT 2003 191. Purification, amino acid sequence, and cDNA cloning of trypsin inhibitors from onion (Allium cepa L.) bulbs Deshimaru, M; Watanabe, A; Suematsu, K; et al. - BIOSCIENCE BIOTECHNOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY Volume: 67 Issue: 8 Pages: 1653-1659 Published: AUG 2003 192. Antimitotic effect, G2/M accumulation, chromosomal and ultrastructure changes in meristematic cells of Allium cepa L. root tips treated with the extract from Rhodiola rosea roots Majewska, A; Wolska, E; Sliwinska, E; et al. - CARYOLOGIA Volume: 56 Issue: 3 Pages: 337-351 Published: JUL-SEP 2003 193. Effects of alcoholic extract of Allium cepa on reproductive organs of male albino rats Sharma, J. D.; Venkatesh, V. - Journal of Endocrinology and Reproduction Volume: 7 Issue: 1-2 Pages: 37 Published: JUN-DEC03 194. Hypoglycaemic and antioxidant effects of onion, Allium cepa: dietary onion addition, antioxidant activity and hypoglycaemic effects on diabetic rats Campos, KE; Diniz, YS; Cataneo, AC; et al. - INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCES AND NUTRITION Volume: 54 Issue: 3 Pages: 241-246 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09637480120092062 Published: MAY 2003 195. Controlled atmosphere and regular storage-induced changes in S-alk(en)yl-L-cysteine sulfoxides and alliinase activity in onion bulbs (Allium cepa L. cv. Hysam) Uddin, M; MacTavish, HS - POSTHARVEST BIOLOGY AND TECHNOLOGY Volume: 28 Issue: 2 Pages: 239-245 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0925-5214(02)00195-3 Published: MAY 2003 196. [Role of active forms of oxygen in the induction of phytoalexin synthesis in Allium cepa cells]. Kravchuk, Zh M; Perkovs'ka, H Iu; Dmytriiev, O P - T͡Sitologii͡a i genetika Volume: 37 Issue: 3 Pages: 30-5 Published: 2003 May-Jun 197. Inhibition of peroxynitrite-mediated cellular toxicity, tyrosine nitration, and alpha(1)-antiproteinase inactivation by 3-mercapto-2-methylpentan-1-ol, a novel compound isolated from Allium cepa Rose, P; Widder, S; Looft, J; et al. - BIOCHEMICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS Volume: 302 Issue: 2 Pages: 397-402 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0006-291X(03)00193-1 Published: MAR 7 2003 198. Low temperature and breaking of dormancy effects on respiration rate, sugars, phenolics and peroxidase activity changes in inner buds of onion Allium cepa L. Benkeblia, N - ACTA AGRICULTURAE SCANDINAVICA SECTION B-SOIL AND PLANT SCIENCE Volume: 53 Issue: 1 Pages: 16-20 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09064710310003358 Published: MAR 2003 199. Heavy metals have a different action from aluminium in disrupting microtubules in Allium cepa meristematic cells Dovgalyuk, A; Kalynyak, T; Blume, YB - CELL BIOLOGY INTERNATIONAL Volume: 27 Issue: 3 Pages: 193-195 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1065-6995(02)00334-7 Published: 2003 200. Effects of ultra low oxygen storage on postharvest quality of onion bulbs (Allium cepa L. var. cepa) Praeger, U; Ernst, MK; Weichmann, J - EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF HORTICULTURAL SCIENCE Volume: 68 Issue: 1 Pages: 14-19 Published: JAN-FEB 2003 201. Effect of onion (Allium cepa Linn.) and garlic (Allium sativum Linn.) on plasma triglyceride content in Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonicum). Kumar, V. Girish; Surendranathan, K. P.; Umesh, K. G.; et al. - Indian Journal of Experimental Biology Volume: 41 Issue: 1 Pages: 88-90 Published: January 2003 202. Rotation planar extraction and medium-pressure solid-liquid extraction of onion (Allium cepa) Vovk, I; Simonovska, B; Andrensek, S; et al. - JPC-JOURNAL OF PLANAR CHROMATOGRAPHY-MODERN TLC Volume: 16 Issue: 1 Pages: 66-70 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1556/JPC.16.2003.1.14 Published: JAN-FEB 2003 203. Effect of onion (Allium cepa Linn.) and garlic (Allium sativum Linn.) on muscle triglyceride content in Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonicum). Kumar, V. Girish; Surendranathan, K. P.; Jayaprakash; et al. - Indian Journal of Poultry Science Volume: 37 Issue: 3 Pages: 275-277 Published: December 2002 204. [Yield behavior and yield components of bulbs in four onion (Allium cepa L.) varieties.] Batista, Elio Lescay; Bazan, Maritza Baro; Corria, Ezaquiel Cadrelo - Alimentaria Volume: 39 Issue: 338 Pages: 121-123 Published: Noviembre 2002 205. [Effect of magentic treatment of onion (Allium cepa L.) seeds on the germination and growth of seedlings.] Garcia Fernandez, Dagoberto; de Souza Torres, Angel; Sueiro Pelegrin, Lilita - Alimentaria Volume: 39 Issue: 337 Pages: 181-186 Published: Octubre 2002 206. Cytogenetic damage in shallot (Allium cepa) root meristems induced by oil industry "high-density brines" Vidakovic-Cifrek, Z; Pavlica, M; Regula, I; et al. - ARCHIVES OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY Volume: 43 Issue: 3 Pages: 284-291 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00244-002-1223-2 Published: OCT 2002 207. Antidiabetic and antioxidant effects of S-methyl cysteine sulfoxide isolated from onions (Allium cepa Linn) as compared to standard drugs in alloxan diabetic rats Kumari, Kumud; Augusti, K. T. - Indian Journal of Experimental Biology Volume: 40 Issue: 9 Pages: 1005-1009 Published: September, 2002 208. Dynamics of replication foci and nuclear matrix during S phase in Allium cepa L. cells Samaniego, R; de la Torre, C; de la Espina, SMD - PLANTA Volume: 215 Issue: 2 Pages: 195-204 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00425-002-0741-5 Published: JUN 2002 209. Onion juice (Allium cepa L.), a new topical treatment for alopecia areata Sharquie, KE; Al-Obaidi, HK - JOURNAL OF DERMATOLOGY Volume: 29 Issue: 6 Pages: 343-346 Published: JUN 2002 210. In vitro bulb development in shallot (Allium cepa L. aggregatum group): Effects of anti-gibberellins, sucrose and light Le Guen-Le Saos, F; Hourmant, A; Esnault, F; et al. - ANNALS OF BOTANY Volume: 89 Issue: 4 Pages: 419-425 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcf063 Published: APR 2002 211. Characterization of flavonoids in different cultivars of onion (Allium cepa L.) Marotti, M; Piccaglia, R - JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE Volume: 67 Issue: 3 Pages: 1229-1232 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.2002.tb09482.x Published: APR 2002 212. Sesquiterpene lactone dehydroleucodine selectively induces transient arrest in G(2) in Allium cepa root meristematic cells Lopez, ME; Giordano, OS; Lopez, LA - PROTOPLASMA Volume: 219 Issue: 1-2 Pages: 82-88 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s007090200008 Published: 2002 213. Antiviral composition derived from allium CEPA and therapeutic use thereof Patent Number: US 6340483 Patent Assignee: Diepon, S.A., Montevideo, Uruguay - Official Gazette of the United States Patent and Trademark Office Patents Volume: 1254 Issue: 4 Published: Jan. 22, 2002 214. Antiviral composition derived from allium CEPA and therapeutic use thereof Patent Number: US 6340483 Patent Assignee: Diepon, S.A., Montevideo, Uruguay - Official Gazette of the United States Patent and Trademark Office Patents Volume: 1254 Issue: 4 Published: Jan. 22, 2002 215. Structural carbohydrate differences and potential source of dietary fiber of onion (Allium cepa L.) tissues Jaime, L; Molla, E; Fernandez, A; et al. - JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY Volume: 50 Issue: 1 Pages: 122-128 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf010797t Published: JAN 2 2002 216. Effect of cadmium on the nucleoli of meristematic cells of onion Allium cepa L: An ultrastructural study Marcano, L; Carruyo, I; Del Campo, A; et al. - ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH Volume: 88 Issue: 1 Pages: 30-35 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/enrs.2001.4316 Published: JAN 2002 217. Genotoxicity of maleic hydrazide, acridine and DEHP in Allium cepa root cells performed by two different laboratories Rank, J; Lopez, LC; Nielsen, MH; et al. - HEREDITAS Volume: 136 Issue: 1 Pages: 13-18 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1034/j.1601-5223.2002.1360103.x Published: 2002 218. Effect of long-term storage on quality attributes of onions (Allium cepa) grown in Hokkaido Tamaki, M; Ukai, M; Murata, M; et al. - JOURNAL OF THE JAPANESE SOCIETY FOR FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY-NIPPON SHOKUHIN KAGAKU KOGAKU KAISHI Volume: 49 Issue: 10 Pages: 670-678 Published: 2002 219. Effect of long-term storage on quality attributes of onions (Allium cepa) grown in Hokkaido. Tamaki, Masako; Ukai, Mitsuko; Murata, Masatsune; et al. - Nippon Shokuhin Kagaku Kogaku Kaishi Volume: 49 Issue: 10 Pages: 670-678 Published: 2002 220. [Disruption of organization of mitotic microtubules in root meristem cells of Allium cepa induced by chloral hydrate]. Smirnova, E A; Svetlitskaia, O M; Chentsov, Iu S - Tsitologiia Volume: 44 Issue: 2 Pages: 120-30 Published: 2002 221. Potential effect of Allium cepa and Allium sativum on haemolymph of Biomphalaria alexandrina, the intermediate host of Schistosoma mansoni Mantawy, M. I. - Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology Volume: 31 Issue: 3 Pages: 711-723 Published: December, 2001 222. Genotypic and environmental variation in bulb composition of New Zealand adapted onion (Allium cepa) germplasm McCallum, JA; Grant, DG; McCartney, EP; et al. - NEW ZEALAND JOURNAL OF CROP AND HORTICULTURAL SCIENCE Volume: 29 Issue: 3 Pages: 149-158 Published: SEP 2001 223. Determination of antidiabetic activity in Allium cepa (onion) tissue cultures Kelkar, SM; Kaklij, GS; Bapat, VA - INDIAN JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMISTRY & BIOPHYSICS Volume: 38 Issue: 4 Pages: 277-279 Published: AUG 2001 224. A comparative study on the beneficial effects of garlic (Allium sativum Linn), amla (Emblica Officinalis Gaertn) and onion (Allium cepa Linn) on the hyperlipidemia induced by butter fat and beef fat in rats Augusti, K. T.; Arathy, S. L.; Asha, R.; et al. - Indian Journal of Experimental Biology Volume: 39 Issue: 8 Pages: 760-766 Published: August, 2001 225. Short- and long-term effects of dehydroascorbate in Lupinus albus and Allium cepa roots Paciolla, C; De Tullio, MC; Chiappetta, A; et al. - PLANT AND CELL PHYSIOLOGY Volume: 42 Issue: 8 Pages: 857-863 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pcp/pce113 Published: AUG 2001 226. A comparative study on the beneficial effects of garlic (Allium sativum Linn), amla (Emblica Officinalis Gaertn) and onion (Allium cepa Linn) on the hyperlipidemia induced by butter fat and beef fat in rats Augusti, K. T.; Arathy, S. L.; Asha, R.; et al. - Indian Journal of Experimental Biology Volume: 39 Issue: 8 Pages: 760-766 Published: August, 2001 227. Domestic processing of onion bulbs (Allium cepa) and asparagus spears (Asparagus officinalis): Effect on flavonol content and antioxidant status Makris, DP; Rossiter, JT - JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY Volume: 49 Issue: 7 Pages: 3216-3222 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf001497z Published: JUL 2001 228. Genetic analyses of correlated solids, flavor, and health-enhancing traits in onion (Allium cepa L.) Galmarini, CR; Goldman, IL; Havey, MJ - MOLECULAR GENETICS AND GENOMICS Volume: 265 Issue: 3 Pages: 543-551 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s004380100445 Published: MAY 2001 229. [The increase in the yield in the crop of onions (Allium cepa L.) when the seeds are treated with low doses of X-rays] Gonzalez, Luis M.; Ramirez, R.; Licea, L.; et al. - Alimentaria Volume: 38 Issue: 322 Pages: 125-127 Published: Mayo, 2001 230. The sesquiterpene lactone dehydroleucodine reversibly inhibits Allium cepa L. root growth Sartor, T; Lopez, ME; Gutierrez, L; et al. - BIOCELL Volume: 25 Issue: 1 Pages: 29-34 Published: APR 2001 231. [Cytogenetic effects of toxic metal salts on apical meristem cells of Allium cepa L. seed roots]. Dovgaliuk, A I; Kaliniak, T B; Blium, Ia B - T͡Sitologii͡a i genetika Volume: 35 Issue: 2 Pages: 3-10 Published: 2001 Mar-Apr 232. Effect of storage on fructan and fructooligosaccharide of onion (Allium cepa L.) Jaime, L; Martin-Cabrejas, MA; Molla, E; et al. - JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY Volume: 49 Issue: 2 Pages: 982-988 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf000921t Published: FEB 2001 233. Effect of nitrous oxyde (N2O) shocks on sprouting and rotting of onion bulbs (Allium cepa L.) Benkeblia, N; Varoquaux, P; Gouble, B - SCIENCES DES ALIMENTS Volume: 21 Issue: 2 Pages: 193-198 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.3166/sda.21.193-198 Published: 2001 234. Modified atmosphere packaging of onion bulbs (Allium cepa L.) Benkeblia, N; Varoquaux, P - SCIENCES DES ALIMENTS Volume: 21 Issue: 3 Pages: 297-302 Published: 2001 235. [Cytogenetic effects of separate and combined action of 232Th and Cd nitrates on Allum cepa root meristem cells]. Evseeva, T I; Geras'kin, S A; Khramova, E S - Tsitologiia Volume: 43 Issue: 8 Pages: 803-8 Published: 2001 236. Toxicological evaluation of commercial mineral water bottled in polyethylene terephthalate: a cytogenetic approach with Allium cepa Evandri, MG; Tucci, P; Bolle, P - FOOD ADDITIVES AND CONTAMINANTS Volume: 17 Issue: 12 Pages: 1037-1045 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02652030010014411 Published: DEC 2000 237. Comparative investigation of concentrations of major and trace elements in organic and conventional Danish agricultural crops. 1. Onions (Allium cepa Hysam) and peas (Pisum sativum Ping Pong) Gundersen, V; Bechmann, IE; Behrens, A; et al. - JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY Volume: 48 Issue: 12 Pages: 6094-6102 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf0009652 Published: DEC 2000 238. The cytotoxic effect of wastewater from the phosphoric gypsum depot on common oak (Quercus robur L.) and shallot (Allium cepa var. ascalonicum) Pavlica, M; Besendorfer, V; Rosa, J; et al. - CHEMOSPHERE Volume: 41 Issue: 10 Pages: 1519-1527 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0045-6535(00)00106-5 Published: NOV 2000 239. Physicochemical characteristics of onion (Allium cepa L.) tissues Ng, A; Parker, ML; Parr, AJ; et al. - JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY Volume: 48 Issue: 11 Pages: 5612-5617 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf991206q Published: NOV 2000 240. A new flavonoid glycoside from Allium cepa L. var Agrogatum Don Yang Xiao-hong; Liu Yin-yan; Liu Li-juan; et al. - Yaoxue Xuebao Volume: 35 Issue: 10 Pages: 752-755 Published: October, 2000 241. Yield and storability of onion (Allium cepa L.) according to application of controlled-release fertilizer in alpine area Choi, Yu-Mii; Lee, Jong-Nam; Lee, Jung-Tae; et al. - Journal of the Korean Society for Horticultural Science Volume: 41 Issue: 5 Pages: 499-502 Published: October, 2000 242. Respiratory parameters of onion bulbs (Allium cepa) during storage. Effects of ionising radiation and temperature Benkeblia, N; Varoquaux, P; Gouble, B; et al. - JOURNAL OF THE SCIENCE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE Volume: 80 Issue: 12 Pages: 1772-1778 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/1097-0010(20000915)80:12<1772: wbr="wbr">:AID-JSFA700>3.3.CO;2-X Published: SEP 15 2000 243. Effect of liquid extract from fresh Abutilon indicum leaves and Allium cepa bulbs on paracetamol and carbontetrachloride induced hepatotoxicity Porchezhian, E; Ansari, SH - PHARMAZIE Volume: 55 Issue: 9 Pages: 702-703 Published: SEP 2000 244. Antioxidant effect of onion oil (Allium cepa. Linn) on the damages induced by nicotine in rats as compared to alpha-tocopherol Helen, A; Krishnakumar, K; Vijayammal, PL; et al. - TOXICOLOGY LETTERS Volume: 116 Issue: 1-2 Pages: 61-68 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0378-4274(00)00208-3 Published: JUL 27 2000 245. Quantification of quercetin in onion (Allium cepa) after domestic processing Lombard, Kevin A.; Peffley, Ellen; Thompson, Leslie; et al. - Hortscience Volume: 35 Issue: 4 Pages: 567 Published: July, 2000 246. Effect of zinc and sulphur application on the yield and post harvest life of onion (Allium cepa L) as affected by different methods of storage Kumar, Mukesh; Das, D. K.; Munish, P. S.; et al. - Advances in Plant Sciences Volume: 13 Issue: 1 Pages: 195-200 Published: June, 2000 247. Quality changes of onion (Allium Cepa L.) as affected by the drying process Adam, E; Muhlbauer, W; Esper, A; et al. - NAHRUNG-FOOD Volume: 44 Issue: 1 Pages: 32-37 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1521-3803(20000101)44:1<32::AID-FOOD32>3.3.CO;2-6 Published: FEB 2000 248. Effects of an oxidizing agent (hydrogen peroxide) on the glutathione system in epidermal cells of Allium cepa L. investigated by histochemical staining Muller, M; Tausz, M; Wonisch, A; et al. - FREE RADICAL RESEARCH Volume: 31 Supplement: S Pages: S121-S127 Published: 1999 249. Visualization of glutathione conjugation and inducibility of glutathione S-transferases in onion (Allium cepa L.) epidermal tissue Schroder, P; Stampfl, A - ZEITSCHRIFT FUR NATURFORSCHUNG SECTION C-A JOURNAL OF BIOSCIENCES Volume: 54 Issue: 12 Pages: 1033-1041 Published: DEC 1999 250. Content and composition of dry matter in onion (Allium cepa L.) as influenced by developmental stage at time of harvest and long-term storage Hansen, SL - ACTA AGRICULTURAE SCANDINAVICA SECTION B-SOIL AND PLANT SCIENCE Volume: 49 Issue: 2 Pages: 103-109 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09064719950135614 Published: OCT 1999 251. Role of ethylene on sprouting of onion bulbs (Allium cepa L.). Benkeblia, N; Selselet-Attou, G - ACTA AGRICULTURAE SCANDINAVICA SECTION B-SOIL AND PLANT SCIENCE Volume: 49 Issue: 2 Pages: 122-124 Published: OCT 1999 252. Loosening of a preprophase band of microtubules in onion (Allium cepa L.) root tip cells by kinase inhibitors Nogami, A; Mineyuki, Y - CELL STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION Volume: 24 Issue: 5 Pages: 419-424 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1247/csf.24.419 Published: OCT 1999 253. Antioxidant role of oils isolated from garlic (Allium sativum Linn) and onion (Allium cepa Linn) on nicotine-induced lipid peroxidation Helen, A; Rajasree, CR; Krishnakumar, K; et al. - VETERINARY AND HUMAN TOXICOLOGY Volume: 41 Issue: 5 Pages: 316-319 Published: OCT 1999 254. Storage potential of bulb onions (Allium cepa L.) under high temperatures Ramin, AA - JOURNAL OF HORTICULTURAL SCIENCE & BIOTECHNOLOGY Volume: 74 Issue: 2 Pages: 181-186 Published: MAR 1999 255. Quantitative analysis of flavour precursors and pyruvate levels in different tissues and cultivars of onion (Allium cepa) Bacon, JR; Moates, GK; Ng, A; et al. - FOOD CHEMISTRY Volume: 64 Issue: 2 Pages: 257-261 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(98)00156-3 Published: FEB 1999 256. Effect of cisplatin on Allium cepa root meristem cells Khynriam, D; Prasad, SB - CYTOBIOS Volume: 100 Issue: 395 Pages: 171-180 Published: 1999 257. Effect of gamma irradiation on quercetin on onion (Allium cepa L.) cultivars Patil, Bhimanagouda S.; Pike, Leonard M.; Howard, Luke R. - Subtropical Plant Science Volume: 51 Pages: 16-22 Published: 1999 258. Distribution of volatile sulfur compounds in an interspecific hybrid between onion (Allium cepa L) and leek (Allium porrum L) Schulz, H; Kruger, H; Liebmann, J; et al. - JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY Volume: 46 Issue: 12 Pages: 5220-5224 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf9806208 Published: DEC 1998 259. Effect of tissue type and variety on cell wall chemistry of onion (Allium cepa L.) Ng, A; Smith, AC; Waldron, KW - FOOD CHEMISTRY Volume: 63 Issue: 1 Pages: 17-24 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(97)00240-9 Published: SEP 1998 260. Concentrations of 63 major and trace elements in Danish agricultural crops measured by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. 1. Onion (Allium cepa Hysam) Bibak, A; Behrens, A; Sturup, S; et al. - JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY Volume: 46 Issue: 8 Pages: 3139-3145 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf971103c Published: AUG 1998 261. Studies on the storage of onion (Allium cepa L.) as affected by different concentrations of maleic hydrazide Singh, J. V.; Singh, Chetan - Indian Journal of Agricultural Research Volume: 32 Issue: 2 Pages: 81-87 Published: June, 1998 262. Physical properties of alginate-coated onion (Allium cepa) skin Hershko, V; Nussinovitch, A - FOOD HYDROCOLLOIDS Volume: 12 Issue: 2 Pages: 195-202 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0268-005X(98)00029-0 Published: APR 1998 263. Studies on the storage of onion (Allium cepa L.) as affected by different levels of phosphorus Singh, J. V.; Kumar, Ajay; Singh, Chetan - Indian Journal of Agricultural Research Volume: 32 Issue: 1 Pages: 51-56 Published: March, 1998 264. Cell cycle arrest in antheridial extract-treated root meristems of Allium cepa and Melandrium noctiflorum Maszewski, J; Kazmierczak, A; Polit, J - FOLIA HISTOCHEMICA ET CYTOBIOLOGICA Volume: 36 Issue: 1 Pages: 35-43 Published: 1998 265. Study on antioxidant enzymes in Allium cepa L. and Allium fistulosum L. Stajner, D; Milic, N; Lazic, B; et al. - PHYTOTHERAPY RESEARCH Volume: 12 Supplement: 1 Pages: S15-S17 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1573(1998)12:1+:AID-PTR236>3.0.CO;2-X Published: 1998 266. Determination of fresh onion (Allium cepa L.) volatiles by solid phase microextraction combined with gas chromatography mass spectrometry Jarvenpaa, EP; Zhang, ZY; Huopalahti, R; et al. - ZEITSCHRIFT FUR LEBENSMITTEL-UNTERSUCHUNG UND-FORSCHUNG A-FOOD RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY Volume: 207 Issue: 1 Pages: 39-43 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s002170050292 Published: 1998 267. Allium chemistry: Synthesis of 1-[alk(en)ylsulfinyl]propyl alk(en)yl disulfides (cepaenes), antithrombotic flavorants from homogenates of onion (Allium cepa) Block, E; Gulati, H; Putman, D; et al. - JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY Volume: 45 Issue: 11 Pages: 4414-4422 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf9705126 Published: NOV 1997 268. Separation and characterization of simple and malonylated anthocyanins in red onions, Allium cepa L. Donner, H; Gao, L; Mazza , G - FOOD RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL Volume: 30 Issue: 8 Pages: 637-643 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0963-9969(98)00011-8 Published: OCT 1997 269. Anti-bacterial action of onion (Allium cepa L.) extracts against oral pathogenic bacteria Kim, Jung-Haeng - Journal of Nihon University School of Dentistry Volume: 39 Issue: 3 Pages: 136-141 Published: Sept., 1997 270. Altering flavor profiles in onion (Allium cepa L) root cultures through directed biosynthesis Prince, CL; Shuler, ML; Yamada, Y - BIOTECHNOLOGY PROGRESS Volume: 13 Issue: 4 Pages: 506-510 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/bp9700566 Published: JUL-AUG 1997 271. Analysis of the major flavonol glycosides present in four varieties of onion (Allium cepa) and changes in composition resulting from autolysis Price, KR; Rhodes, MJC - JOURNAL OF THE SCIENCE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE Volume: 74 Issue: 3 Pages: 331-339 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-0010(199707)74:3<331::AID-JSFA806>3.0.CO;2-C Published: JUL 1997 272. Genotoxicity of tetrodotoxin from puffer fish tested in root meristem cells of Allium cepa L. Khora, SS; Panda, KK; Panda, BB - MUTAGENESIS Volume: 12 Issue: 4 Pages: 265-269 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/mutage/12.4.265 Published: JUL 1997 273. Allium cepa anaphase-telophase root tip chromosome aberration assay on N-methyl-N-nitrosourea, maleic hydrazide, sodium azide, and ethyl methanesulfonate Rank, J; Nielsen, MH - MUTATION RESEARCH-GENETIC TOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL MUTAGENESIS Volume: 390 Issue: 1-2 Pages: 121-127 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0165-1218(97)00008-6 Published: APR 24 1997 274. Antagonistic relationship between selenate and sulfate uptake in onion (Allium cepa): Implications for the production of organosulfur and organoselenium compounds in plants Barak, P; Goldman, IL - JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY Volume: 45 Issue: 4 Pages: 1290-1294 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf960729k Published: APR 1997 275. Persistence of cadmium-induced adaptive response to genotoxicity of maleic hydrazide and methyl mercuric chloride in root meristem cells of Allium cepa L: Differential inhibition by cycloheximide and buthionine sulfoximine Panda, KK; Patra, J; Panda, BB - MUTATION RESEARCH-GENETIC TOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL MUTAGENESIS Volume: 389 Issue: 2-3 Pages: 129-139 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1383-5718(96)00131-3 Published: MAR 17 1997 276. Effect of storage and domestic processing on the content and composition of flavonol glucosides in onion (Allium cepa) Price, KR; Bacon, JR; Rhodes, MJC - JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY Volume: 45 Issue: 3 Pages: 938-942 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf9605916 Published: MAR 1997 277. Allium cepa L (onion) .2. Chemistry, Analysis and Pharmacology Dorsch, W - PHYTOMEDICINE Volume: 3 Issue: 4 Pages: 391-397 Published: FEB 1997 278. Effect of Peganum harmala extract on root tips of Allium cepa Abderrahman, SM - CYTOBIOS Volume: 90 Issue: 362-63 Pages: 171-174 Published: 1997 279. Effect of drying, freezing and storage of dried and frozen onion (Allium cepa L.) on its pungency Horbowicz, Marcin; Bakowski, Jozef - Acta Agrobotanica Volume: 50 Issue: 1-2 Pages: 203-210 Published: 1997 280. Altering flavor profiles in onion (Allium cepa L.) root cultures through directed biosynthesis Prince, C. L.; Shuler, M. L.; Yamada, Y. - Biotechnology Progress Volume: 13 Issue: 4 Pages: 506-510 Published: 1997 281. Relationship between antiplatelet activity and sulfur fertility in hydroponic and field-grown onions (Allium cepa) Orvis, Kathryn S.; Goldman, Irwin L. - Hortscience Volume: 32 Issue: 3 Pages: 523 Published: 1997 282. Environmental effects and postharvest flux of antiplatelet activity, pungency, and solids in onion (Allium cepa) Debaene, Jan E. P.; Godldman, I. L. - Hortscience Volume: 32 Issue: 3 Pages: 543 Published: 1997 283. Analysis of the major flavonol glycosides present in four varieties of onion (Allium cepa) and changes in composition resulting from autolysis Price, K. R.; Rhodes, M. J. C. - Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture Volume: 74 Issue: 3 Pages: 331-339 Published: 1997 284. Allium cepa L (Onion) .1. Chemistry and analysis Breu, W - PHYTOMEDICINE Volume: 3 Issue: 3 Pages: 293-306 Published: NOV 1996 285. Antiplatelet activity in onion (Allium cepa) is sulfur dependent Goldman, IL; Kopelberg, M; Debaene, JEP; et al. - THROMBOSIS AND HAEMOSTASIS Volume: 76 Issue: 3 Pages: 450-452 Published: SEP 1996 286. Therapeutic values of onion (Allium cepa L.) and garlic (Allium sativum L.) Augusti, K. T. - Indian Journal of Experimental Biology Volume: 34 Issue: 7 Pages: 634-640 Published: 1996 287. Effect of two furanocoumarins and three other coumarins on ultrastructure, ATPases and acid phosphatases in meristematic cells of Allium cepa root tips Podbielkowska, M; Waleza, M; Dobrzynska, K; et al. - INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACOGNOSY Volume: 34 Issue: 2 Pages: 96-104 Published: MAY 1996 288. Studies on the changes in peroxidase, acid phosphatase, phenols and degree of colouration of eight cultivars of red onion (Allium cepa L) bulbs during development Sood, DR; Kalra, A - JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY-MYSORE Volume: 33 Issue: 3 Pages: 215-218 Published: MAY-JUN 1996 289. Mitotic effects of the aqueous leaf extract of Cymbopogon citratus in Allium cepa root tips Williams, GO; Omoh, LE - CYTOBIOS Volume: 87 Issue: 350 Pages: 161-168 Published: 1996 290. Influence of methyl derivatives of coumarin on mitotic activity and ultrastructure of meristematic cells of Allium cepa root tips Kupidlowska, E; Bieniak, B; Ruchirawat, A; et al. - PHYTOMEDICINE Volume: 2 Issue: 3 Pages: 275-281 Published: JAN 1996 291. Reducing nitrate content of NFT grown winter onion plants (Allium cepa L) by partial replacement of NO3 with amino acid in nutrient solution Gunes, A; Inal, A; Aktas, M - SCIENTIA HORTICULTURAE Volume: 65 Issue: 2-3 Pages: 203-208 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0304-4238(95)00864-0 Published: JUN 1996 292. Effect of methanolic extract of parasitic Viscum cruciatum Sieber on mitosis in Allium cepa L Gomez, M. A.; Saenz, M. T.; Garcia, M. D.; et al. - Cytobios Volume: 85 Issue: 340 Pages: 59-63 Published: 1996 293. Influence of elicitors on alk(en)yl-L-cysteine sulfoxides and related amino Acids in onion (Allium cepa) tissue cultures Parkin, KL; Thomas, DJ - FOOD BIOTECHNOLOGY Volume: 10 Issue: 3 Pages: 177-190 Published: 1996 294. Changes in antiplatelet activity, pungency, and percent solids of four diverse onion (Allium cepa) lines during cold storage Debaene, Jan E. P.; Goldman, I. L. - Hortscience Volume: 31 Issue: 4 Pages: 596 Published: 1996 295. EFFECTS OF MG2+, CO2+, AND HG2+ ON THE NUCLEUS AND NUCLEOLUS IN ROOT-TIP CELLS OF ALLIUM-CEPA LIU, D; ZHAI, L; JIANG, W; et al. - BULLETIN OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY Volume: 55 Issue: 5 Pages: 779-787 Published: NOV 1995 296. RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN BULB DRY-MATTER CONTENT, SOLUBLE SOLIDS CONCENTRATION AND NONSTRUCTURAL CARBOHYDRATE-COMPOSITION IN THE ONION (ALLIUM-CEPA) SINCLAIR, PJ; BLAKENEY, AB; BARLOW, EWR - JOURNAL OF THE SCIENCE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE Volume: 69 Issue: 2 Pages: 203-209 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740690210 Published: OCT 1995 297. OSMOTIC POTENTIAL AND SOLUBLE SOLIDS CONCENTRATION IN ONION (ALLIUM-CEPA) BULBS SINCLAIR, PJ; NEESON, RJ; BARLOW, EWR - JOURNAL OF THE SCIENCE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE Volume: 69 Issue: 2 Pages: 211-214 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740690211 Published: OCT 1995 298. ANTIBACTERIAL, ANTIDERMATOPHYTIC AND ANTITOXIGENIC ACTIVITIES OF ONION (ALLIUM-CEPA L) OIL ZOHRI, AN; ABDELGAWAD, K; SABER, S - MICROBIOLOGICAL RESEARCH Volume: 150 Issue: 2 Pages: 167-172 Published: MAY 1995 299. ANTIDIABETIC AND HYPOLIPIDEMIC EFFECTS OF S-METHYL CYSTEINE SULFOXIDE ISOLATED FROM ALLIUM-CEPA LINN KUMARI, K; MATHEW, BC; AUGUSTI, KT - INDIAN JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMISTRY & BIOPHYSICS Volume: 32 Issue: 1 Pages: 49-54 Published: FEB 1995 300. EFFECT OF GAMMA-IRRADIATION AND EXTENDED STORAGE ON CHEMICAL-QUALITY IN ONION (ALLIUM-CEPA L) CROCI, CA; BANEK, SA; CURZIO, OA - FOOD CHEMISTRY Volume: 54 Issue: 2 Pages: 151-154 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0308-8146(94)00160-7 Published: 1995 301. PYRUVATE AND FLAVOR DEVELOPMENT IN MACERATED ONIONS (ALLIUM-CEPA L) BY GAMMA-GLUTAMYL-TRANSPEPTIDASE AND EXOGENOUS C-S LYASE HANUM, T; SINHA, NK; GUYER, DE; et al. - FOOD CHEMISTRY Volume: 54 Issue: 2 Pages: 183-188 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0308-8146(95)00027-G Published: 1995 302. VARIATION IN THE QUERCETIN CONTENT IN DIFFERENT COLORED ONIONS (ALLIUM-CEPA L) PATIL, BS; PIKE, LM; YOO, KS - JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR HORTICULTURAL SCIENCE Volume: 120 Issue: 6 Pages: 909-913 Published: NOV 1995 303. Antiplatelet activity is positively correlated with pungency and solids in onion (Allium cepa L.) Kopelberg, M.; Goldman, I. L.; Debaene, J. E. P.; et al. - Hortscience Volume: 30 Issue: 4 Pages: 769 Published: 1995 304. Antiplatelet activity, solids, and pungency of four onion (Allium cepa L.) genotypes during cold storage Debaene, Jan E. P.; Goldman, I. L. - Hortscience Volume: 30 Issue: 4 Pages: 821 Published: 1995 305. Hyaluronidase inhibitors of onion (Allium cepa L.) skin Ito, Yasuyuki; Ono, Masateru; Masuoka, Chikako; et al. - Proceedings of School of Agriculture Kyushu Tokai University Volume: 14 Issue: 0 Pages: 43-48 Published: 1995 306. ONION (ALLIUM-CEPA L.) THIOSULFINATES RESPOND TO INCREASING SULFUR FERTILITY RANDLE, WM; BLOCK, E; LITTLEJOHN, MH; et al. - JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY Volume: 42 Issue: 10 Pages: 2085-2088 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf00046a003 Published: OCT 1994 307. MALONYLATED ANTHOCYANINS FROM BULBS OF RED ONION, ALLIUM-CEPA L TERAHARA, N; YAMAGUCHI, M; HONDA, T - BIOSCIENCE BIOTECHNOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY Volume: 58 Issue: 7 Pages: 1324-1325 Published: JUL 1994 308. NOVEL HEINZ BODY HEMOLYSIS FACTORS IN ONION (ALLIUM-CEPA) YAMATO, O; YOSHIHARA, T; ICHIHARA, A; et al. - BIOSCIENCE BIOTECHNOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY Volume: 58 Issue: 1 Pages: 221-222 Published: JAN 1994 309. EFFECTS OF SOURCE, RATE, AND FREQUENCY OF N-APPLICATION ON YIELD, MARKETABLE GRADES AND ROT INCIDENCE OF SWEET ONION (ALLIUM-CEPA L CV GRANEX-33) BATAL, KM; BONDARI, K; GRANBERRY, DM; et al. - JOURNAL OF HORTICULTURAL SCIENCE Volume: 69 Issue: 6 Pages: 1043-1051 Published: NOV 1994 310. COMPARISON AMONG STORAGE TEMPERATURES AND BACTERIAL-INFECTION ON BROWNING OF HEAT-TREATED SHREDDED ONION (ALLIUM-CEPA L) UEDA, Y; NISHIMURA, K; YAMAUCHI, N; et al. - JOURNAL OF THE JAPANESE SOCIETY FOR HORTICULTURAL SCIENCE Volume: 63 Issue: 2 Pages: 445-452 Published: SEP 1994 311. STEMS OF ALLIUM-CEPA L CONTAIN STARCH ERNST, M; BUFLER, G - NEW PHYTOLOGIST Volume: 128 Issue: 3 Pages: 403-406 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.1994.tb02986.x Published: NOV 1994 312. Isolation of mesophyll protoplasts in shallot (Allium cepa L. var. aggregatum) Jasik, J.; Le Nard, M.; Chauvin, J. E.; et al. - Biologia Plantarum (Prague) Volume: 36 Issue: SUPPL. Pages: S85 Published: 1994 313. Allium cepa L. (Onion): Chemistry, analysis and pharmacology Breu, W.; Dorsch, W. - Economic and medicinal plant research, Vol. 6 Pages: 115-147 Published: 1994 314. Cytogenetic evaluation of the effect of aqueous extracts of the medicinal plants Alpinia nutans Rosc (Zingiberaceae) and Pogostemon heyneanus Benth (Labiatae) on Wistar rats and Allium cepa Linn. (Liliaceae) root tip cells Da Luz Dias, Francisca; Takahashi, Catarina Satie - Revista Brasileira de Genetica Volume: 17 Issue: 2 Pages: 175-180 Published: 1994 315. ETHYLENE IS A SELECTIVE RIBOSOMAL CISTRON REGULATOR IN ALLIUM-CEPA EPIDERMAL-CELLS KARAGIANNIS, CS; PAPPELIS, AJ - MECHANISMS OF AGEING AND DEVELOPMENT Volume: 72 Issue: 3 Pages: 199-211 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0047-6374(93)90100-6 Published: DEC 31 1993 316. CYTOTOXIC EFFECTS OF DISTILLARY WASTE ON ALLIUM-CEPA L MISHRA, K - BULLETIN OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY Volume: 50 Issue: 2 Pages: 199-204 Published: FEB 1993 317. ACUTE AND SUBACUTE TOXICITY TESTS OF ONION COAT, NATURAL COLORANT EXTRACTED FROM ONION (ALLIUM-CEPA L), IN (C57BL/6XC3H)F1 MICE KOJIMA, T; TANAKA, T; MORI, H; et al. - JOURNAL OF TOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH Volume: 38 Issue: 1 Pages: 89-101 Published: JAN 1993 318. FLAVONOL GLYCOSIDES IN THE WET SCALE OF THE DEEP PURPLE ONION (ALLIUM-CEPA L CV RED CREOLE) OMIDIJI, O - DISCOVERY AND INNOVATION Volume: 5 Issue: 2 Pages: 139-141 Published: JUN 1993 319. NOVEL FLAVOR COMPONENTS IDENTIFIED IN THE STEAM DISTILLATE OF ONION (ALLIUM-CEPA L) FARKAS, P; HRADSKY, P; KOVAC, M - ZEITSCHRIFT FUR LEBENSMITTEL-UNTERSUCHUNG UND-FORSCHUNG Volume: 195 Issue: 5 Pages: 459-462 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01191718 Published: NOV 1992 320. THE EFFECT OF LEAD ON ALLIUM-CEPA L LERDA, D - MUTATION RESEARCH Volume: 281 Issue: 2 Pages: 89-92 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0165-7992(92)90041-F Published: FEB 1992 321. COMPARATIVE-STUDY BY GAS-CHROMATOGRAPHY MASS-SPECTROMETRY OF METHODS FOR THE EXTRACTION OF SULFUR-COMPOUNDS IN ALLIUM-CEPA L MARTINLAGOS, RA; SERRANO, MFO; RUIZLOPEZ, MD - FOOD CHEMISTRY Volume: 44 Issue: 4 Pages: 305-308 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0308-8146(92)90055-7 Published: 1992 322. VOLATILE COMPONENTS RECOVERED FROM FRESH ONION (ALLIUM-CEPA L) WITH COMBINATION OF ETHYL ETHER EXTRACTION AND NEW COLD TRAP APPARATUS OHTA, H; OSAJIMA, Y - JOURNAL OF THE FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE KYUSHU UNIVERSITY Volume: 37 Issue: 2 Pages: 125-131 Published: DEC 1992 323. Fungal flora and mycotoxins associated with onion (Allium cepa L.) in Egypt Zohri, A. A.; Saber, Sabah M.; Abdel-Gawad, K. M. - Korean Journal of Mycology Volume: 20 Issue: 4 Pages: 302-308 Published: 1992 324. Quality changes of onions (Allium cepa L.) during storage: Part 1. Nutritional quality Boettcher, H. - Nahrung Volume: 36 Issue: 4 Pages: 346-356 Published: 1992 325. Quality changes of onions (Allium cepa L.) during storage: Part 2. Weight losses Boettcher, H. - Nahrung Volume: 36 Issue: 6 Pages: 584-594 Published: 1992 326. QUALITY CHANGES OF ONIONS (ALLIUM-CEPA L) DURING STORAGE .1. NUTRITIONAL QUALITY BOTTCHER, H - NAHRUNG-FOOD Volume: 36 Issue: 4 Pages: 346-356 Published: 1992 327. QUALITY CHANGES OF ONIONS (ALLIUM-CEPA L) DURING STORAGE .2. WEIGHT LOSSES BOTTCHER, H - NAHRUNG-FOOD Volume: 36 Issue: 6 Pages: 584-594 Published: 1992 328. Changes in endogenous gibberellin-like substances in onion bulbs (Allium cepa L.) cv. Sochaczewska during storage Kielak, Elzbieta; Bielinska-Czarnecka, Maria - Acta Agrobotanica Volume: 44 Issue: 1-2 Pages: 65-71 Published: 1991 (1992) 329. Volatile components recovered from fresh onion (Allium cepa L.) with combination of ethyl ether extraction and new cold trap apparatus Ohta, Hideaki,; Osajima, Yutaka - Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture Kyushu University Volume: 37 Issue: 2 Pages: 125-131 Published: 1992 330. ANTIMICROBIAL EFFECTS OF ALLIUM-SATIVUM L (GARLIC), ALLIUM-AMPELOPRASUM L (ELEPHANT GARLIC), AND ALLIUM-CEPA L (ONION), GARLIC COMPOUNDS AND COMMERCIAL GARLIC SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTS HUGHES, BG; LAWSON, LD - PHYTOTHERAPY RESEARCH Volume: 5 Issue: 4 Pages: 154-158 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ptr.2650050403 Published: AUG 1991 331. PROPACHLOR AND N-ISOPROPYLANILINE RESIDUES IN ONIONS (ALLIUM-CEPA) AND MUCK SOILS CLEGG, BS; FRANK, R; RITCEY, GM; et al. - BULLETIN OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY Volume: 47 Issue: 1 Pages: 104-111 Published: JUL 1991 332. Beneficial effects of Allium sativum, Allium cepa and Commiphora mukul on experimental hyperlipidemia and atherosclerosis--a comparative evaluation. Lata, S; Saxena, K K; Bhasin, V; et al. - Journal of postgraduate medicine Volume: 37 Issue: 3 Pages: 132-5 Published: 1991-Jul 333. EVALUATION OF MUTAGENIC EFFECT OF THE ANTIHYPERTENSIVE DRUG METHYLDOPA (ALDOMET) ON MAMMALIAN SYSTEMS INVIVO AND INVITRO AND ON ALLIUM-CEPA GRISOLIA, CK; TAKAHASHI, CS - MUTATION RESEARCH Volume: 259 Issue: 2 Pages: 127-132 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0165-1218(91)90046-O Published: FEB 1991 334. HISTOLOGICAL STUDIES ON POSTHARVEST ROT OF ALLIUM-CEPA AKANO, DA; OSO, BA - CYTOBIOS Volume: 68 Issue: 272 Pages: 23-27 Published: 1991 335. TOXICITY STUDIES ON ALLIUM-CEPA ITS EFFECT ON ESTRADIOL TREATED MICE AND ON EPIDIDYMAL SPERMATOZOA AL-BEKAIRI A M; QURESHI S; SHAH A H - Fitoterapia Volume: 62 Issue: 4 Pages: 301-306 Published: 1991 336. IMMOBILIZATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF C-S LYASE FROM ONION (ALLIUM-CEPA) BULBS THOMAS, DJ; PARKIN, KL - FOOD BIOTECHNOLOGY Volume: 5 Issue: 2 Pages: 139-159 Published: 1991 337. 2 PHYTOALEXINS FROM ALLIUM-CEPA BULBS TVERSKOY, L; DMITRIEV, A; KOZLOVSKY, A; et al. - PHYTOCHEMISTRY Volume: 30 Issue: 3 Pages: 799-800 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0031-9422(91)85254-W Published: 1991 338. WATER-VAPOR SORPTION AND TRANSMISSION BY ONION (ALLIUM-CEPA L) SCALE UNDER DIFFERENT TEMPERATURE AND HUMIDITY CONDITIONS THAMIZHARASI, V; NARASIMHAM, P - SCIENTIA HORTICULTURAE Volume: 46 Issue: 3-4 Pages: 185-194 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0304-4238(91)90041-V Published: APR 1991 339. Changes in endogenous gibberellin-like substances in onion bulbs (Allium cepa L.) cv. Sochaczewska during storage Kielak, Elzbieta; Bielinska-Czarnecka, Maria - Acta Agrobotanica Volume: 44 Issue: 1-2 Pages: 65-71 Published: 1991 (1992) 340. CYTOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF INDIA MEDICINAL PLANTS I. MITOTIC EFFECTS OF LEAF HOMOGENATE OF TYLOPHORA-INDICA L. ON ALLIUM-CEPA SAGGOO M I S; KUMARI S; BINDU - Cytologia (Tokyo) Volume: 56 Issue: 4 Pages: 633-638 Published: 1991 341. INHIBITION OF THE CONA-INDUCED HITAMINE RELEASE FROM HUMAN ADENOIDAL MAST-CELLS BY EXTRACTS FROM ONION (ALLIUM-CEPA LINNE) OR THYRALLIS-GLAUCA (GALPHIMIA GLAUCA) BENT, S; DUMOULIN, S; BREU, W; et al. - ALLERGOLOGIE Volume: 13 Issue: 10 Pages: 364-366 Published: OCT 1990 342. EFFECT OF NITROGEN ON THE YIELD AND QUALITY OF IRRIGATED ONIONS (ALLIUM-CEPA L) CV CREAM GOLD GROWN ON SILICEOUS SANDS MAIER, NA; DAHLENBURG, AP; TWIGDEN, TK - AUSTRALIAN JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL AGRICULTURE Volume: 30 Issue: 6 Pages: 845-851 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/EA9900845 Published: 1990 343. DIFFERENCES IN THE EFFECTIVENESS OF EDTA TO INDUCE SCES AND CHROMOSOMAL-ABERRATIONS IN CHO AND ALLIUM-CEPA CHROMOSOMES ORTIZ, T; CORTES, F - CYTOBIOS Volume: 61 Issue: 246-47 Pages: 187-193 Published: 1990 344. ANALYSIS OF THE CELL-CYCLE IN THE ROOT-MERISTEM OF ALLIM-CEPA UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF LEDAKRIN ANTOSIEWICZ, D - FOLIA HISTOCHEMICA ET CYTOBIOLOGICA Volume: 28 Issue: 1-2 Pages: 79-& Published: 1990 345. DEHYDRATION OF ONIONS ALLIUM-CEPA L. STUDIES ON THE CHARACTERIZATION OF RAW MATERIALS AND DRYING KINETICS LOPEZ GOMEZ A; COTONAT MILAN Y - Alimentaria Volume: 27 Issue: 209 Pages: 25-28 Published: 1990 346. DEHYDRATION OF ONIONS ALLIUM-CEPA L. STUDIES ON THE CHARACTERIZATION OF RAW MATERIALS AND DRYING KINETICS LOPEZ GOMEZ A; COTONAT MILAN Y - Alimentaria Volume: 27 Issue: 209 Pages: 25-28 Published: 1990 347. EFFECTS OF THE LEAF EXTRACT OF RICINUS-COMMUNIS ON ALLIUM-CEPA GEORGE K; GEETHAMMA S - Cytologia (Tokyo) Volume: 55 Issue: 3 Pages: 391-394 Published: 1990 348. MICROFLORA ASSOCIATED WITH ONIONS ALLIUM-CEPA L. IN FIELDS AND MARKETS OF COSTA RICA VARGAS R; ARAYA C M; RIVERA G - Phytopathology Volume: 80 Issue: 5 Pages: 517 Published: 1990 349. GROWTH AND PRODUCTION OF SECONDARY METABOLITES IN CELL CULTURES OF ALLIUM-CEPA GBOLADE A A; LOCKWOOD G B - Planta Medica Volume: 56 Issue: 6 Pages: 632-633 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-2006-961272 Published: 1990 350. EFFECTS OF CERTAIN FOOD DYES ON CHROMOSOMES OF ALLIUM-CEPA ROYCHOUDHURY, A; GIRI, AK - MUTATION RESEARCH Volume: 223 Issue: 3 Pages: 313-319 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0165-1218(89)90125-0 Published: JUL 1989 351. EFFECT OF ORAL INGESTION OF DIFFERENT FRACTIONS OF ALLIUM-CEPA ON THE BLOOD AND ERYTHROCYTE-MEMBRANE LIPIDS AND CERTAIN MEMBRANE-BOUND ENZYMES IN RATS AHLUWALIA, P; MOHINDROO, A - JOURNAL OF NUTRITIONAL SCIENCE AND VITAMINOLOGY Volume: 35 Issue: 2 Pages: 155-161 Published: 1989 352. PROCESSING AND ANALYSIS OF ONIONSEED (ALLIUM-CEPA) AND ITS FIXED OIL REDDY, PN; AZEEMODDIN, G; RAO, SDT - JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS SOCIETY Volume: 66 Issue: 3 Pages: 365-365 Published: MAR 1989 353. INVESTIGATIONS OF THE BIOSYNTHESIS OF TRANS-(+)-S-1-PROPENYL-L-CYSTEINE SULFOXIDE IN ONIONS (ALLIUM-CEPA) PARRY, RJ; SOOD, GR - JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY Volume: 111 Issue: 12 Pages: 4514-4515 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ja00194a065 Published: JUN 7 1989 354. QUANTITATIVE-ANALYSIS OF THE MAJOR GAMMA-GLUTAMYL-TRANSFERASE PEPTIDES IN ONION BULBS (ALLIUM-CEPA) SHAW, ML; LANCASTER, JE; LANE, GA - JOURNAL OF THE SCIENCE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE Volume: 48 Issue: 4 Pages: 459-467 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740480408 Published: 1989 355. STUDY OF SUGAR CHOLESTEROL AND UREA LOWERING ACTIVITIES OF AQUEOUS EXTRACT OF ALLIUM-CEPA L. ON ALLOXAN DIABETIC ALBINO RATS SINGH N; TYAGI S D; AGARWAL S C - Acta Botanica Indica Volume: 17 Issue: 1 Pages: 113-117 Published: 1989 356. NUTRITIONAL EFFECTS ON ONION ALLIUM-CEPA L YIELD AND QUALITY LAUGHLIN J C - Acta Horticulturae (Wageningen) Issue: 247 Pages: 211-216 Published: 1989 357. PHYSIOLOGICAL AND CYTOGENETIC EFFECTS OF PHOSPHINE GAS IN ALLIUM-CEPA (L) YOUNIS, SA; ALHAKKAK, ZS; ALRAWI, FI; et al. - JOURNAL OF STORED PRODUCTS RESEARCH Volume: 25 Issue: 1 Pages: 25-30 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-474X(89)90005-2 Published: FEB 1989 358. STUDIES ON THE EXTRACTS OF TWO PHILIPPINE-GROWN CULTIVARS OF ALLIUM-CEPA SALVERON M J; CANTORIA M C - Planta Medica Volume: 55 Issue: 7 Pages: 662 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-2006-962255 Published: 1989 359. NEW BIOLOGICALLY-ACTIVE SULFUR-CONTAINING-COMPOUNDS FROM ALLIUM-CEPA BAYER, T; WAGNER, H; DORSCH, W - PLANTA MEDICA Issue: 6 Pages: 560-560 Published: DEC 1988 360. UV-MEDIATED TOXIC BIOACTIVITY OF HARMINE IN THE MERISTEMATIC CELLS OF ALLIUM-CEPA HAZEN, MJ; GUTIERREZGONZALVEZ, MG - MUTAGENESIS Volume: 3 Issue: 4 Pages: 333-335 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/mutage/3.4.333 Published: JUL 1988 361. BENZYL ISOTHIOCYANATE IN ONION (ALLIUM-CEPA L) AND MUSHROOM (AGARICUS-BISPORUS) - A RE-EXAMINATION HANLEY, AB; HEANEY, RK; LEWIS, J; et al. - FOOD CHEMISTRY Volume: 30 Issue: 2 Pages: 157-162 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0308-8146(88)90153-7 Published: 1988 362. HEPTACHLOR UPTAKE BY POTATO (SOLANUM-TUBEROSUM), SWEET-POTATO (IPOMOEA-BATATAS) AND ONION (ALLIUM-CEPA) FROM TREATED SOILS SHIVANKAR, VJ; KAVADIA, VS - INDIAN JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES Volume: 58 Issue: 2 Pages: 155-156 Published: FEB 1988 363. WATER-VAPOR LOSSES FROM DIFFERENT REGIONS OF ONION (ALLIUM-CEPA L) BULB DURING STORAGE THAMIZHARASI, V; NARASIMHAM, P - JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY-MYSORE Volume: 25 Issue: 1 Pages: 49-50 Published: JAN-FEB 1988 364. NEW BIOLOGICALLY ACTIVE SULFUR-CONTAINING COMPOUNDS FROM ALLIUM-CEPA BAYER T; WAGNER H; DORSCH W - Planta Medica Volume: 54 Issue: 6 Pages: 560 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-2006-962556 Published: 1988 365. [Effect of Allium cepa L. var. agrogatum Don and Allium macrostemon Bunge on arachidonic acid metabolism]. Yg, G; Liu, Y Y; Yang, X H; et al. - Yao xue xue bao = Acta pharmaceutica Sinica Volume: 23 Issue: 1 Pages: 8-11 Published: 1988-Jan 366. HETEROSIS FOR YIELD AND ITS COMPONENTS, DEHYDRATION QUALITIES AND STORAGE IN ONION (ALLIUM-CEPA) PAL, N; SINGH, N; CHOUDHURY, B - INDIAN JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES Volume: 58 Issue: 9 Pages: 687-692 Published: SEP 1988 367. FEATURES OF THE GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF ALLIUM-CEPA WITH VARYING PHOTOPERIODIC SENSITIVITY TARAKANOV I G; SARATI S; SOKOLOVA N P - Izvestiya Timiryazevskoi Sel'skokhozyaistvennoi Akademii Issue: 1 Pages: 108-113 Published: 1988 368. HARVEST METHODS IN BULB ONIONS ALLIUM-CEPA L FREDSHAVN J; HENRIKKSEN K - Tidsskrift for Planteavl Volume: 92 Issue: 4 Pages: 351-362 Published: 1988 369. EFFECT OF ALLIUM-CEPA-VAR-AGGREGATUM DON AND ALLIUM-MACROSTEMON BUNGE ON ARACHIDONIC ACID METABOLISM GU Y; LIU Y Y; YANG X H; et al. - Yaoxue Xuebao Volume: 23 Issue: 1 Pages: 8-11 Published: 1988 370. ON THE OCCURRENCE OF KAEMPFEROL-4'-O-BETA-D-GLUCOPYRANOSIDE IN FILIPENDULA-ULMARIA AND ALLIUM-CEPA SCHEER, T; WICHTL, M - PLANTA MEDICA Volume: 53 Issue: 6 Pages: 573-574 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-2006-962817 Published: DEC 1987 371. FACTORS AFFECTING THE PRODUCTION OF SCES BY MALEIC HYDRAZIDE IN ROOT-TIP CHROMOSOMES OF ALLIUM-CEPA CORTES, F; ESCALZA, P; MATEOS, S; et al. - MUTATION RESEARCH Volume: 192 Issue: 2 Pages: 125-130 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0165-7992(87)90108-4 Published: OCT 1987 372. GARLIC (ALLIUM-SATIVUM) AND ONION (ALLIUM-CEPA) - A REVIEW OF THEIR RELATIONSHIP TO CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE KENDLER, BS - PREVENTIVE MEDICINE Volume: 16 Issue: 5 Pages: 670-685 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0091-7435(87)90050-8 Published: SEP 1987 373. L-MALATE CONTENT IN IRRADIATED ONIONS (ALLIUM-CEPA L) CV VALENCIANA SINTETICA-14 PICCINI, JL; EVANS, DR; QUARANTA, HO - JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY-MYSORE Volume: 24 Issue: 2 Pages: 91-93 Published: MAR-APR 1987 374. CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE CYTOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF MEDICINAL-PLANTS .1. THE MITODEPRESSIVE EFFECTS OF WATER EXTRACTS OF BOERHAAVIA-DIFFUSA AND VERNONIA-AMYGDALINA ON ALLIUM-CEPA ROOT-TIP MITOSIS ENEOBONG, EE; AMADI, OC - CYTOLOGIA Volume: 52 Issue: 3 Pages: 469-474 Published: SEP 1987 375. MITODEPRESSIVE EFFECT OF (-)-CATHINONE, FROM CATHA-EDULIS (KHAT), ON THE MERISTEMATIC REGION OF ALLIUM-CEPA ROOT-TIPS ALMESHAL, IA - TOXICON Volume: 25 Issue: 4 Pages: 451-454 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0041-0101(87)90079-1 Published: 1987 376. EFFECTS OF LUFFA-OPERCULATA ON ALLIUM-CEPA ROOT-TIP CELLS MEDEIROS, MD; TAKAHASHI, CS - CYTOLOGIA Volume: 52 Issue: 2 Pages: 255-259 Published: JUN 1987 377. A FIELD AND STORAGE ROT OF ONION (ALLIUM-CEPA L VAR CEPA) CAUSED BY PSEUDOMONAS-CEPACIA IN LOWLAND PAPUA-NEW-GUINEA TOMLINSON, DL - JOURNAL OF PHYTOPATHOLOGY-PHYTOPATHOLOGISCHE ZEITSCHRIFT Volume: 120 Issue: 2 Pages: 184-191 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0434.1987.tb04431.x Published: OCT 1987 378. STORAGE ROT IN BULBS OF ONION ALLIUM-CEPA L. AND ITS CONTROL SINGH O; ROY A N; GUPTA M - Pesticides (Bombay) Volume: 21 Issue: 6 Pages: 43-47 Published: 1987 379. STORAGE BEHAVIOR OF SOME ONION VARIETIES ALLIUM-CEPA L. AS INFLUENCED BY NITROGEN LEVELS AND PREHARVEST SPRAY OF MALEIC HYDRAZIDE BHALEKAR M N; KALE P B; KULWAL L V - PKV Research Journal Volume: 11 Issue: 1 Pages: 38-46 Published: 1987 380. VARIATION OF FLAVONOIDS IN ALLIUM-CEPA KIVIRANTA, J; HUOVINEN, K; HILTUNEN, R - PLANTA MEDICA Issue: 6 Pages: 517-518 Published: DEC 1986 381. CELL-PROLIFERATION IN ALLIUM-CEPA L MERISTEMS UNDER 8-HYDROXYQUINOLINE, A CHELATING AGENT THAT AFFECTS DNA AND RNA-POLYMERASES FERRERO, ML; DELATORRE, C - JOURNAL OF CELL SCIENCE Volume: 80 Pages: 171-180 Published: FEB 1986 382. STRUCTURAL FEATURES OF CELL-WALL POLYSACCHARIDES OF ONION ALLIUM-CEPA REDGWELL, RJ; SELVENDRAN, RR - CARBOHYDRATE RESEARCH Volume: 157 Pages: 183-199 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0008-6215(86)85068-6 Published: DEC 1 1986 383. DISORDERS IN ONION SHIPMENTS TO THE NEW-YORK MARKET, 1972-1984 CEPONIS, MJ; CAPPELLINI, RA; LIGHTNER, GW - PLANT DISEASE Volume: 70 Issue: 10 Pages: 988-991 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PD-70-988 Published: OCT 1986 384. CHARACTERIZATION OF PROSTAGLANDIN-E-LIKE ACTIVITY ISOLATED FROM PLANT SOURCE (ALLIUM-CEPA) CLAEYS, M; USTUNES, L; LAEKEMAN, G; et al. - PROGRESS IN LIPID RESEARCH Volume: 25 Pages: 53-58 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0163-7827(86)90011-1 Published: 1986 385. EVALUATION OF 12 VARIETIES OF BULB ONION ALLIUM-CEPA L. FOR DEHYDRATION GALLEGO-S D; SANDOVAL-A H L; PALACIOS-V Y - Acta Agronomica (Palmira) Volume: 36 Issue: 3 Pages: 48-55 Published: 1986 386. YIELD AND STORABILITY OF SEVEN ONION ALLIUM-CEPA L. CULTIVARS RABBANI M G; HUSAIN A; SIDDIQUE M A; et al. - Bangladesh Journal of Agriculture Volume: 11 Issue: 4 Pages: 1-8 Published: 1986 387. REINVESTIGATION OF ALLIUM-CEPA SEED OIL BATRA, A; PORWAL, M; BOKADIA, MM; et al. - GRASAS Y ACEITES Volume: 37 Issue: 1 Pages: 42-43 Published: JAN-FEB 1986 388. CYTOTOXICITY AND MUTAGENICITY OF TWO ICE-CREAM COLORANTS IN ALLIUM-CEPA YOUNIS S A; AL-HAKKAK Z S; YOUSIF H M - Journal of Biological Sciences Research Volume: 17 Issue: 1 Pages: 241-252 Published: 1986 389. EFFECT OF TWO ICE-CREAM COLORANTS ON THE PROTEIN AND AMINO ACIDS OF ALLIUM-CEPA ROOT TIPS YOUNIS S A; HAGOP E G; AL-HAKKAK Z S; et al. - Journal of Biological Sciences Research Volume: 17 Issue: 2 Pages: 323-328 Published: 1986 390. DISSIPATION OF MONOCROTOPHOS RESIDUES IN-ON ONION CROP ALLIUM-CEPA SRINIVASAN S; LINGAPPA S - Pesticides (Bombay) Volume: 20 Issue: 3 Pages: 31-33 Published: 1986 391. HERITABILITY AND CORRELATION STUDIES ON SOME VEGETATIVE TRAITS IN NIGERIAN LOCAL WHITE ONION, ALLIUM-CEPA L KADAMS, AM; NWASIKE, CC - PLANT BREEDING Volume: 97 Issue: 3 Pages: 232-236 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0523.1986.tb01058.x Published: OCT 1986 392. STRUCTURAL STUDIES ON ALLIUM-CEPA L CHROMATIN - ENHANCED STABILITY OF INTERNUCLEOSOME INTERACTIONS IN PLANT CHROMATIN MORENO, ML; PUIGDOMENECH, P; PALAU, J - BIOCHEMICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS Volume: 129 Issue: 3 Pages: 645-650 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0006-291X(85)91940-0 Published: 1985 393. EFFECTS OF ONION, ALLIUM-CEPA L, ON PRIMARY HEMOSTASIS IN HEALTHY VOLUNTARY PERSON BEFORE AND AFTER HIGH FAT MEAL ABSORPTION DOUTREMEPUICH, C; GAMBA, G; REFAUVELET, J; et al. - ANNALES PHARMACEUTIQUES FRANCAISES Volume: 43 Issue: 3 Pages: 273-279 Published: 1985 394. ISOLATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF 2 ISOMERIC OCTADECENOIC ACIDS WITH PROSTAGLANDIN-E LIKE ACTIVITY FROM ONION BULBS (ALLIUM-CEPA) USTUNES, L; CLAEYS, M; LAEKEMAN, G; et al. - ARCHIVES INTERNATIONALES DE PHARMACODYNAMIE ET DE THERAPIE Volume: 276 Issue: 2 Pages: 333-334 Published: 1985 395. ANTIASTHMATIC EFFECTS OF ONION ALLIUM-CEPA EXTRACTS DETECTION OF BENZYL ISOTHIOCYANATE AND OTHER ISOTHIOCYANATES MUSTARD OILS AS ANTIASTHMATIC COMPOUNDS OF PLANT ORIGIN DORSCH W; ADAM O; WEBER J; et al. - European Journal of Pharmacology Volume: 107 Issue: 1 Pages: 17-24 Published: 1985 396. ANTIMITOTIC ACTIVITY OF A PROTEIN FRACTION ISOLATED FROM VISCUM-CRUCIATUM ON THE ROOT MERISTEMS OF ALLIUM-CEPA AYUSO M J; SAENZ M T - Fitoterapia Volume: 56 Issue: 5 Pages: 308-311 Published: 1985 397. SHELF-LIFE AND QUALITY CHANGES IN SUMMER STORAGE ONIONS (ALLIUM-CEPA) HURST, WC; SHEWFELT, RL; SCHULER, GA - JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE Volume: 50 Issue: 3 Pages: 761-& DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.1985.tb13791.x Published: 1985 398. THE ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF ALLIUM-SATIVUM GARLIC ALLIUM-CEPA ONION AND RAPHANUS-SATIVUS RADISH KHAN K I; KHAN F Z; NAZAR S - Journal of Pharmacy (Lahore) Volume: 6 Issue: 1-2 Pages: 59-72 Published: 1985 399. NONDESTRUCTIVE SPECTROPHOTOMETRIC DETERMINATION OF DRY-MATTER IN ONIONS BIRTH, GS; DULL, GG; RENFROE, WT; et al. - JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR HORTICULTURAL SCIENCE Volume: 110 Issue: 2 Pages: 297-303 Published: 1985 400. IDENTIFICATION OF ALLIIN, A CONSTITUENT OF ALLIUM-CEPA WITH AN INHIBITORY EFFECT ON PLATELET-AGGREGATION LIAKOPOULOUKYRIAKIDES, M; SINAKOS, Z; KYRIAKIDIS, DA - PHYTOCHEMISTRY Volume: 24 Issue: 3 Pages: 600-601 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(00)80777-3 Published: 1985 401. STUDIES ON BOTRYTIS SPP OCCURRING ON ONIONS (ALLIUM-CEPA) AND LEEKS (ALLIUM-PORRUM) PRESLY, AH - PLANT PATHOLOGY Volume: 34 Issue: 3 Pages: 422-427 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3059.1985.tb01382.x Published: 1985 402. THE TOXICITY OF PHENOLIC EXTRACTS FROM PURPLE ONION ALLIUM-CEPA L. TO PATHOGENIC AND NON-PATHOGENIC BACTERIA OMIDIJI O - Biologia Africana Volume: 2 Issue: 2 Pages: 28-35 Published: 1985 403. THE EFFECT OF PHOTOPERIODIC QUALITY AND RELATIVE HUMIDITY ON PHENOLIC OF ONION ALLIUM-CEPA L. DURING STORAGE OMIDIJI O; ILORI M O - Biologia Africana Volume: 2 Issue: 2 Pages: 36-43 Published: 1985 404. EFFECTS OF ANTIHISTAMINIC DRUGS ON MEIOSIS OF VICIA-FABA AND ALLIUM-CEPA SHEHAB, AS; ABOELKHIER, ZA - CYTOLOGIA Volume: 50 Issue: 4 Pages: 789-795 Published: DEC 1985 405. CORRELATION STUDIES ON BULB CHARACTERISTICS AND STORAGE LOSSES IN ONION ALLIUM-CEPA PATIL R S; KALE P N - Journal of Maharashtra Agricultural Universities Volume: 10 Issue: 1 Pages: 38-39 Published: 1985 406. CORRELATION STUDIES ON CHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND KEEPING QUALITY OF SOME ONION ALLIUM-CEPA CULTIVARS PATIL R S; KALE P N - Journal of Maharashtra Agricultural Universities Volume: 10 Issue: 2 Pages: 154-155 Published: 1985 407. EFFECTS OF SELECTED AGROTECHNICAL MEASURES ON STORAGE LOSSES OF BULB ONIONS ALLIUM-CEPA BOETTCHER H - Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift Martin-Luther-Universitaet Halle-Wittenberg Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Reihe Volume: 34 Issue: 4 Pages: 25-37 Published: 1985 408. CHROMOSOMAL-ABERRATIONS AND SCES IN ALLIUM-CEPA ROOT-TIP CELLS TREATED WITH CAFFEINE AND PYRONIN-Y CORTES, F; HAZEN, MJ - MUTATION RESEARCH Volume: 127 Issue: 2 Pages: 119-122 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0027-5107(84)90012-5 Published: 1984 409. EFFECTS OF ALLYLPROPYL DISULFIDE ISOLATED FROM ALLIUM-CEPA LINN ON HIGH-FAT FED RATS WILCOX, BF; JOSEPH, PK; AUGUSTI, KT - INDIAN JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMISTRY & BIOPHYSICS Volume: 21 Issue: 3 Pages: 214-216 Published: 1984 410. EFFECT OF AQUEOUS GARLIC EXTRACT ON GROWTH OF COCCIDIOIDES-IMMITIS AND 2 ARTHROCONIDIA-PRODUCING FUNGI AWASTHI, PB; LEATHERS, CR - ACTA BOTANICA INDICA Volume: 12 Issue: 1 Pages: 22-25 Published: 1984 411. ANTAGONISTIC EFFECTS OF SOME FUNGI ON FUNGAL PATHOGENS CAUSING STORAGE ROTS OF ONION ALLIUM-CEPA ROD J - Ceska Mykologie Volume: 38 Issue: 4 Pages: 235-239 Published: 1984 412. VARIETAL DIFFERENCES IN DISTRIBUTION OF QUERCETIN AND KAEMPFEROL IN ONION (ALLIUM-CEPA L) TISSUE BILYK, A; COOPER, PL; SAPERS, GM - JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY Volume: 32 Issue: 2 Pages: 274-276 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf00122a024 Published: 1984 413. DRY MATTER AND PUNGENCY TESTS ON BRITISH GROWN ONIONS ALLIUM-CEPA BEDFORD L V - Journal of the National Institute of Agricultural Botany Volume: 16 Issue: 3 Pages: 581-592 Published: 1984 414. THE LEVELS OF S-ALK(EN)YL-L-CYSTEINE SULFOXIDES DURING THE GROWTH OF THE ONION (ALLIUM-CEPA L) LANCASTER, JE; MCCALLION, BJ; SHAW, ML - JOURNAL OF THE SCIENCE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE Volume: 35 Issue: 4 Pages: 415-420 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740350409 Published: 1984 415. STORAGE PERFORMANCE OF THE SPRING-SOWN ONION BRUTUS IN BREEDING TRIALS DOWKER, BD; HOROBIN, JF; CROWTHER, TC - ANNALS OF APPLIED BIOLOGY Volume: 104 Supplement: S Pages: 134-135 Published: 1984 416. HARMFUL EFFECT OF SOME ANALGESICS ON THE MITOSIS IN ALLIUM-CEPA MAZROOEI, S; KABARITY, A - CYTOLOGIA Volume: 49 Issue: 1 Pages: 105-116 Published: 1984 417. ALLIUM-CEPA ASSAY SYSTEM IN MONITORING THE GENOTOXICITY OF CERTAIN DRUGS KUMARI T S; LAKSHMI M S; VAIDYANATH K - Indian Journal of Botany Volume: 7 Issue: 1-2 Pages: 98-105 Published: 1984 418. ANTIASTHMATIC EFFECTS OF ALLIUM-CEPA A PLACEBO CONTROLLED CLINICAL TRIAL SRIVASTAVA M N; KHILNANI G; MATHUR A K; et al. - Indian Journal of Pharmacology Volume: 16 Issue: 1 Pages: 47-48 Published: 1984 419. BACTERIA ASSOCIATED WITH ONION BULB SPOILAGE WATSON, DRW; HALE, CN - NEW ZEALAND JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL AGRICULTURE Volume: 12 Issue: 4 Pages: 351-355 Published: 1984 420. CHANGES IN THE CONTENT AND DISTRIBUTION, IN DIFFERENT ORGANS, OF THE FLAVOR PRECURSORS, THE S-ALK(EN)YL-L-CYSTEINE SULFOXIDES, DURING SEEDLING DEVELOPMENT OF ONIONS (ALLIUM-CEPA) GROWN UNDER LIGHT AND DARK REGIMES MCCALLION, BJ; LANCASTER, JE - PHYSIOLOGIA PLANTARUM Volume: 62 Issue: 3 Pages: 370-374 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3054.1984.tb04588.x Published: 1984 421. INHIBITION OF ONION ALLIUM-CEPA SPROUTING BY GAMMA RADIATIONS PRELIMINARY STUDY ENRIQUEZ I I; CANET F M; GARRIGA E - Revista de Ciencias Biologicas Volume: 15 Issue: 1 Pages: 179-191 Published: 1984 422. ELECTRON-MICROSCOPIC STUDIES OF EPIDERMAL-CELLS FROM THE INNER SURFACE OF THE SCALE OF ALLIUM-CEPA, ESPECIALLY AFTER INFLUENCE BY DIFFERENT SALTS .2. CELL-NUCLEUS, ENDOPLASMIC-RETICULUM, DICTYOSOMES WEIDINGER, M - MIKROSKOPIE Volume: 40 Issue: 7-8 Pages: 210-223 Published: 1983 423. EFFECT OF ALLIUM-CEPA ONION ON IMMUNE RESPONSE IN RABBIT VYAS D S; ACHARYA R P; DADHICH A P; et al. - Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology Volume: 27 Issue: 3 Pages: 259-260 Published: 1983 424. QUANTITATIVE-ANALYSIS OF THE S-ALK(EN)YL-L-CYSTEINE SULFOXIDES IN ONION (ALLIUM-CEPA L) LANCASTER, JE; KELLY, KE - JOURNAL OF THE SCIENCE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE Volume: 34 Issue: 11 Pages: 1229-1235 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740341111 Published: 1983 425. AN INVESTIGATION OF THE ETHEREAL OILS OF ONION (ALLIUM-CEPA-LILIACEAE) OF TURKISH ORIGIN AKSOY, HA - ZEITSCHRIFT FUR LEBENSMITTEL-UNTERSUCHUNG UND-FORSCHUNG Volume: 177 Issue: 1 Pages: 34-36 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01042493 Published: 1983 426. ONION ALLIUM-CEPA CULTIVAR YELLOW-BERMUDA STORAGE LOSSES IN COSTA-RICA MATHEUS-L J; VALVERDE-G E - Agronomia Costarricense Volume: 7 Issue: 1-2 Pages: 17-26 Published: 1983 427. EFFECTS OF THE FUNGICIDE TRIDEMORPH ON MITOSIS IN ALLIUM-CEPA CORTES, F; ESCALZA, P; MORENO, J; et al. - CYTOBIOS Volume: 34 Issue: 135- Pages: 181-189 Published: 1982 428. AN UNUSUAL ARRANGEMENT OF SMOOTH MEMBRANES IN THE ROOT-MERISTEM CELLS OF ALLIUM-CEPA L FOLLOWING EXPOSURE TO COLCHICINE WITKUS, R; HEROLD, L; VERNON, GM - EXPERIMENTAL CELL BIOLOGY Volume: 50 Issue: 1 Pages: 56-58 Published: 1982 429. THE EFFECT OF MALEIC HYDRAZIDE SALTS ON QUALITY AND BULB TISSUE RESIDUES OF STORED YELLOW SWEET SPANISH ONIONS STALLKNECHT, GF; GARRISON, J; WALZ, AJ; et al. - HORTSCIENCE Volume: 17 Issue: 6 Pages: 926-927 Published: 1982 430. MUTAGENICITY TESTING OF IRRADIATED ONIONS IN MICE GOUD, SN; REDDI, OS; REDDY, PP - INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION BIOLOGY Volume: 41 Issue: 3 Pages: 347-349 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09553008214551811 Published: 1982 431. PESTICIDE-RESIDUES IN ONIONS AND CARROTS GROWN ON ORGANIC SOILS, ONTARIO 1975 TO 1980 FRANK, R; BRAUN, HE; RITCEY, G; et al. - JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC ENTOMOLOGY Volume: 75 Issue: 3 Pages: 560-565 Published: 1982 432. ACYLATED ANTHOCYANINS IN RED ONIONS MOORE, AB; FRANCIS, FJ; JASON, ME - JOURNAL OF FOOD PROTECTION Volume: 45 Issue: 7 Pages: 590-593 Published: 1982 433. VOLATILE FLAVOR COMPOUNDS FROM SHALLOTS WU, JL; CHOU, CC; CHEN, MH; et al. - JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE Volume: 47 Issue: 2 Pages: 606-608 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.1982.tb10133.x Published: 1982 434. EFFECT OF ETHEPHON ON BULBING, BULL-NECKING, YIELD AND SPROUTING DURING STORAGE OF 2 ONION CULTIVARS (ALLIUM-CEPA L) THOMAS, TH; RANKIN, WEF - JOURNAL OF HORTICULTURAL SCIENCE Volume: 57 Issue: 4 Pages: 465-467 Published: 1982 435. VOLATILE FLAVOR COMPOUNDS FROM SHALLOTS ALLIUM-CEPA WU J L; CHOU C C; CHEN M H; et al. - Journal of Food Science Volume: 47 Issue: 2 Pages: 606-608 Published: 1982 436. LOSSES IN WHITE ONION ALLIUM-CEPA VARIETY PUNJAB-48 UNDER ORDINARY STORAGE CONDITIONS AS INFLUENCED BY BULB SIZE SAIMBHI M S; RANDHAWA K S - Journal of Research Punjab Agricultural University Volume: 19 Issue: 3 Pages: 188-190 Published: 1982 437. LOSSES IN WHITE ONION ALLIUM-CEPA VARIETY PUNJAB-48 UNDER ORDINARY STORAGE CONDITIONS AS INFLUENCED BY BULB SIZE SAIMBHI M S; RANDHAWA K S - Journal of Research Punjab Agricultural University Volume: 19 Issue: 3 Pages: 188-190 Published: 1982 438. NEW STUDIES OF ALLIUM-CEPA COMMON ONION CARRETERO M E; SERRANILLOS FERNANDEZ M G - Archivos de Farmacologia y Toxicologia Volume: 7 Issue: 1 Pages: 193-196 Published: 1981 439. PECTIC ENZYME-ACTIVITIES OF BACTERIA ASSOCIATED WITH ROTTED ONIONS (ALLIUM-CEPA) OBI, SKC; UMEZURIKE, GM - APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY Volume: 42 Issue: 4 Pages: 585-589 Published: 1981 440. CHEMICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF ALLIUM-CEPA L SMOCZKIEWICZOWA, MA; LUTOMSKI, J; NITSCHKE, D - HERBA POLONICA Volume: 27 Issue: 2 Pages: 169-188 Published: 1981 441. CYTO-TOXIC EFFECT OF ONION EXTRACT ON MOUSE FIBROSARCOMA-180 A-CELLS NERKAR, DP; CHANDER, R; BANDEKAR, JR; et al. - INDIAN JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY Volume: 19 Issue: 7 Pages: 598-600 Published: 1981 442. INNOCUOUS ALTERATIONS IN PRESERVED ONIONS, ALLIUM-CEPA L FERNANDEZ, M; VEGA, FA - JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE Volume: 46 Issue: 6 Pages: 1966-1967 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.1981.tb04536.x Published: 1981 443. SPORICIDAL ACTIVITY OF ONION EXTRACTS AGAINST AFLATOXIN-PRODUCING FUNGI SHARMA, A; TEWARI, GM; BANDYOPADHYAY, C; et al. - LEBENSMITTEL-WISSENSCHAFT & TECHNOLOGIE Volume: 14 Issue: 1 Pages: 21-22 Published: 1981 444. THIN-LAYER CHROMATOGRAPHIC DETERMINATION OF CHLORPROPHAM IN ONIONS (ALLIUM-CEPA L) - A CONTRIBUTION TO THE ANALYSIS OF HERBICIDE RESIDUES RAIMANN, H - NAHRUNG-FOOD Volume: 25 Issue: 1 Pages: 49-52 Published: 1981 445. STUDIES ON THE COMPOSITION OF A FLAVOR AND AROMA EXTRACT FROM ONIONS TOKARSKA, B; KARWOWSKA, K - NAHRUNG-FOOD Volume: 25 Issue: 6 Pages: 565-571 Published: 1981 446. COMPARISON OF THE ONION PLANT (ALLIUM-CEPA) AND ONION TISSUE-CULTURE .4. EFFECT OF SHOOT AND ROOT MORPHOGENESIS ON FLAVOR PRECURSOR SYNTHESIS IN ONION TISSUE-CULTURE TURNBULL, A; GALPIN, IJ; SMITH, JL; et al. - NEW PHYTOLOGIST Volume: 87 Issue: 2 Pages: 257-268 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.1981.tb03197.x Published: 1981 447. GENETIC-EFFECTS OF NIFURTIMOX ON DROSOPHILA-MELANOGASTER, WISTAR RATS AND ALLIUM-CEPA SPANO, MA; TAKAHASHI, CS - REVISTA BRASILEIRA DE GENETICA Volume: 4 Issue: 3 Pages: 357-366 Published: 1981 448. EFFECTS OF GINSENOSIDES RG1 AND RB1 OF PANAX-GINSENG ON MITOSIS IN ROOT-TIP CELLS OF ALLIUM-CEPA NG, WY; CHAO, CY - AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CHINESE MEDICINE Volume: 9 Issue: 2 Pages: 119-133 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S0192415X81000160 Published: 1981 449. BIOLOGICAL NATURE OF PLATELET INHIBITORS FROM ALLIUM-CEPA, ALLIUM SATIVUM AND AURICULARIA-POLYTRICA MAKHEJA, AN; LOW, CE; BAILEY, JM - THROMBOSIS AND HAEMOSTASIS Volume: 46 Issue: 1 Pages: 148-148 Published: 1981 450. DRY ONION LOSSES AT THE RETAIL AND CONSUMER LEVELS IN METROPOLITAN NEW-YORK CEPONIS, MJ; BUTTERFIELD, JE - HORTSCIENCE Volume: 16 Issue: 4 Pages: 531-533 Published: 1981 451. NOTE ON THE IRRIGATION OF ONION AS A FACTOR PREDISPOSING ITS BULBS TO INFECTION BY FUSARIUM-SOLANI (MARTIUS) APPEL AND WOLLENWEBER IN STORAGE SINGH, JP; BHATNAGAR, DK - INDIAN JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES Volume: 51 Issue: 9 Pages: 686-687 Published: 1981 452. HYPOGLYCEMIC ACTIVITY OF DIFFERENT VARIETIES OF EGYPTIAN ONION ALLIUM-CEPA IN ALLOXAN DIABETIC RATS EL-ASHWAH E T; IBRAHIM M H; EL-HASHIMY F S; et al. - Journal of Drug Research (Cairo) Volume: 13 Issue: 1-2 Pages: 45-52 Published: 1981 453. THE HYPOGLYCEMIA ACTIVITY OF ONION EXTRACTS ALLIUM-CEPA INFLUENCED BY ADRENALINE-INDUCED HYPERGLYCEMIA ASHWAH E T; EL-ALLAWY R M; EL-HASHIMY F S; et al. - Journal of Drug Research (Cairo) Volume: 13 Issue: 1-2 Pages: 61-68 Published: 1981 454. RESIDUES OF C-14 BROMOPHOS IN CARROTS AND ONIONS FOLLOWING TREATMENT OF SEEDS BY OXMEXAN SEED POWDER GRAHL, R; DEDEK, W; HERLES, K - BIOCHEMIE UND PHYSIOLOGIE DER PFLANZEN Volume: 175 Issue: 1 Pages: 83-86 Published: 1980 455. HEADSPACE SAMPLING PROCEDURES FOR ONION (ALLIUM-CEPA L) AROMA ASSESSMENT MAZZA, G; LEMAGUER, M; HADZIYEV, D - CANADIAN INSTITUTE OF FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY JOURNAL-JOURNAL DE L INSTITUT CANADIEN DE SCIENCE ET TECHNOLOGIE ALIMENTAIRES Volume: 13 Issue: 2 Pages: 87-96 Published: 1980 456. CYTOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF MEDICINAL-PLANTS IN QATAR .2. MITOTIC EFFECT OF WATER EXTRACT OF TEUCRIUM-PILOSUM ON ALLIUM-CEPA SHEHAB, AS - CYTOLOGIA Volume: 45 Issue: 1-2 Pages: 57-64 Published: 1980 457. ADRIAMYCIN INDUCED GENETIC TOXICITY AS DEMONSTRATED BY THE ALLIUM TEST MERCYKUTTY, VC; STEPHEN, J - CYTOLOGIA Volume: 45 Issue: 4 Pages: 769-777 Published: 1980 458. MITOTIC VARIATIONS INDUCED BY THE TRANQUILIZER DIAZEPAM (VALIUM) IN ROOT-TIPS OF ALLIUM-CEPA AND VICIA-FABA ELBAYOUMI, AS; HABIB, AA; SOBHI, H - EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CELL BIOLOGY Volume: 22 Issue: 1 Pages: 573-573 Published: 1980 459. IDENTIFICATION OF A NEW VOLATILE COMPOUND IN ONION (ALLIUM-CEPA) AND LEEK (ALLIUM-PORUM) - 3,4-DIMETHYL-2,5-DIOXO-2,5-DIHYDROTHIOPHENE ALBRAND, M; DUBOIS, P; ETIEVANT, P; et al. - JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY Volume: 28 Issue: 5 Pages: 1037-1038 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf60231a012 Published: 1980 460. SEPARATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF PROSTAGLANDIN-A1 IN ONION ATTREP, KA; BELLMAN, WP; ATTREP, M; et al. - LIPIDS Volume: 15 Issue: 5 Pages: 292-297 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02533543 Published: 1980 461. CHEMICAL EVALUATION OF SOME IMPORTANT VARIETIES OF ONION (ALLIUM-CEPA L) BAJAJ, KL; KAUR, G; SINGH, J; et al. - QUALITAS PLANTARUM-PLANT FOODS FOR HUMAN NUTRITION Volume: 30 Issue: 2 Pages: 117-122 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01099049 Published: 1980 462. BIOLOGICAL-CONTROL OF ONION WHITE ROT UTKHEDE, RS; RAHE, JE - SOIL BIOLOGY & BIOCHEMISTRY Volume: 12 Issue: 2 Pages: 101-104 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0038-0717(80)90043-7 Published: 1980 463. MITODEPRESSIVE EFFECT OF KHAT EXTRACT IN THE MERISTEMATIC REGION OF ALLIUM-CEPA ROOT-TIPS KABARITY, A; MALALLAH, G - CYTOLOGIA Volume: 45 Issue: 4 Pages: 733-738 Published: 1980 464. ANTI MICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF GARLIC ALLIUM-SATIVUM ONION ALLIUM-CEPA AND HONEY ARUNACHALAM K - Geobios (Jodhpur) Volume: 7 Issue: 1 Pages: 46-47 Published: 1980 465. ANTI-MICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF CRUDE JUICES OF ALLIUM-ASCALONICUM, ALLIUM-CEPA AND ALLIUM-SATIVUM DANKERT, J; TROMP, TFJ; DEVRIES, H; et al. - ZENTRALBLATT FUR BAKTERIOLOGIE MIKROBIOLOGIE UND HYGIENE SERIES A-MEDICAL MICROBIOLOGY INFECTIOUS DISEASES VIROLOGY PARASITOLOGY Volume: 245 Issue: 1-2 Pages: 229-239 Published: 1979 466. CYTOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF MEDICINAL-PLANTS IN QATAR .1. MITOTIC EFFECT OF WATER EXTRACT OF PULICARIA-CRISPA ON ALLIUM-CEPA SHEHAB, AS - CYTOLOGIA Volume: 44 Issue: 3 Pages: 607-613 Published: 1979 467. MITO-DEPRESSIVE EFFECTS OF CHELIDONIUM ALKALOIDS ON ROOT-TIP CELLS OF ALLIUM-CEPA L KRAHULCOVA, A - BIOLOGIA PLANTARUM Volume: 21 Issue: 1 Pages: 15-21 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02888713 Published: 1979 468. EFFECT OF CYSTEINE ON VOLATILE DEVELOPMENT IN DEHYDRATED ONIONS (ALLIUM-CEPA L) MAZZA, G; LEMAGUER, M; HADZIYEV, D - CANADIAN INSTITUTE OF FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY JOURNAL-JOURNAL DE L INSTITUT CANADIEN DE SCIENCE ET TECHNOLOGIE ALIMENTAIRES Volume: 12 Issue: 2 Pages: 43-46 Published: 1979 469. THE HYPO LIPIDEMIC EFFECT OF ONION ALLIUM-CEPA IN SUCROSE FED RABBITS SEBASTIAN K L; ZACHARIAS N T; PHILIP B; et al. - Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology Volume: 23 Issue: 1 Pages: 27-30 Published: 1979 470. INHIBITION OF AFLATOXIN-PRODUCING FUNGI BY ONION EXTRACTS SHARMA, A; TEWARI, GM; SHRIKHANDE, AJ; et al. - JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE Volume: 44 Issue: 5 Pages: 1545-1547 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.1979.tb06484.x Published: 1979 471. VOLATILES RETENTION DURING THE DEHYDRATION OF ONION (ALLIUM-CEPA L) MAZZA, G; LEMAGUER, M - LEBENSMITTEL-WISSENSCHAFT & TECHNOLOGIE Volume: 12 Issue: 6 Pages: 333-337 Published: 1979 472. THE EFFECT OF PRE HARVEST FOLIAR SPRAYS OF MALEIC HYDRAZIDE ON THE SPROUTING OF ONION BULBS ALLIUM-CEPA DURING STORAGE MATLOB A N - Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture Volume: 14 Issue: 1 Pages: 145-152 Published: 1979 473. EFFECTS OF ONION (ALLIUM-CEPA) EXTRACT ON PLATELET-AGGREGATION AND THROMBOXANE SYNTHESIS MAKHEJA, AN; VANDERHOEK, JY; BAILEY, JM - PROSTAGLANDINS AND MEDICINE Volume: 2 Issue: 6 Pages: 413-424 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0161-4630(79)90125-3 Published: 1979 474. PREHARVEST FOLIAR DESICCATION AND ONION STORAGE QUALITY BUBL, CE; RICHARDSON, DG; MANSOUR, NS - JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR HORTICULTURAL SCIENCE Volume: 104 Issue: 6 Pages: 773-777 Published: 1979 475. SURVEY OF BULB DISEASES ON ONIONS ALLIUM-CEPA IN SOUTH TEXAS USA MILLER M E; DILLON R C JR - Journal of the Rio Grande Valley Horticultural Society Volume: 33 Pages: 25-28 Published: 1979 476. IDENTIFICATION OF PSEUDOMONAS-CEPACIA ON ONION BULBS IN ITALY BAZZI, C - PHYTOPATHOLOGISCHE ZEITSCHRIFT-JOURNAL OF PHYTOPATHOLOGY Volume: 95 Issue: 3 Pages: 254-258 Published: 1979 477. PROPERTIES OF AN INHIBITOR OF PLATELET AGGREGATION AND THROMBOXANE SYNTHESIS ISOLATED FROM ONION ALLIUM-CEPA AND GARLIC ALLIUM-SATIVUM MAKHEJA A N; VANDERHOEK J Y; BAILEY J M - Thrombosis and Haemostasis Volume: 42 Issue: 1 Pages: 74 Published: 1979 478. EFFECT OF TRANSFER FROM LOW TO HIGH-TEMPERATURES ON LOSSES OF STORED BULB ONIONS (ALLIUM-CEPA) STOW, JR; WARD, CM - ANNALS OF APPLIED BIOLOGY Volume: 88 Issue: 1 Pages: 193-197 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1978.tb00695.x Published: 1978 479. WATER SORPTION PROPERTIES OF YELLOW GLOBE ONION (ALLIUM-CEPA L) MAZZA, G; LEMAGUER, M - CANADIAN INSTITUTE OF FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY JOURNAL-JOURNAL DE L INSTITUT CANADIEN DE SCIENCE ET TECHNOLOGIE ALIMENTAIRES Volume: 11 Issue: 4 Pages: 189-193 Published: 1978 480. NARCICLASINE, AN INHIBITOR OF PROTEIN-SYNTHESIS - ACTION ON ALLIUM-CEPA L ROOT-MERISTEMS SELMAN, A; DELATORRE, C - EXPERIENTIA Volume: 34 Issue: 11 Pages: 1455-1457 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01932349 Published: 1978 481. CYTOGENETIC EFFECTS OF STYRENE AND STYRENE OXIDE ON HUMAN LYMPHOCYTES AND ALLIUM-CEPA LINNAINMAA, K; MERETOJA, T; SORSA, M; et al. - SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF WORK ENVIRONMENT & HEALTH Volume: 4 Supplement: 2 Pages: 156-162 Published: 1978 482. INTERACTION OF TETRACYCLINE WITH CHROMOSOMES IN ALLIUM-CEPA MANN K S - Environmental and Experimental Botany Volume: 18 Issue: 3 Pages: 201-205 Published: 1978 483. INHIBITORY EFFECT OF ADRENALINE AND HYDROCORTISONE ON GROWTH OF ALLIUM-CEPA ROOTS KANTA, J; SICHOVA, E; PEJSKOVA, I; et al. - ACTA BIOLOGICA ACADEMIAE SCIENTIARUM HUNGARICAE Volume: 28 Issue: 2 Pages: 191-194 Published: 1977 484. ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF VOLATILE COMPONENTS OF ONION (ALLIUM-CEPA) LEWIS, NF; RAO, BYK; SHAH, AR; et al. - JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY-MYSORE Volume: 14 Issue: 1 Pages: 35-36 Published: 1977 485. STUDIES OF THE UTILIZATION OF BOTANICAL RESOURCES PART 2 ON THE BIOLOGICAL ACTIVE PRINCIPLES OF THE ONION SKIN ALLIUM-CEPA MORI N; HOMMA Y; SONOBE T; et al. - Shoyakugaku Zasshi Volume: 31 Issue: 2 Pages: 179-187 Published: 1977 486. ACTION OF HALOPERIDOL ON MITOSES IN ALLIUM-CEPA REDDY, PV; SUBRAMANYAM, S; RAJENDER - INDIAN JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY Volume: 14 Issue: 5 Pages: 633-635 Published: 1976 487. EFFECT OF CANNABIS (HASHISH) ON MITOSIS OF ALLIUM-CEPA L ROOT-TIPS KABARITY, A; ELBAYOUMI, A; HABIB, A - BIOLOGIA PLANTARUM Volume: 18 Issue: 6 Pages: 401-407 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02922475 Published: 1976 488. LACHRYMATORY FACTOR IN SPROUTING ONION (ALLIUM-CEPA) BANDYOPADHYAY, C; TEWARI, GM - JOURNAL OF THE SCIENCE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE Volume: 27 Issue: 8 Pages: 733-735 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740270805 Published: 1976 489. A STUDY OF THE HYPO CHOLESTEROLEMIC EFFECT OF ONION ALLIUM-CEPA ON NORMAL HUMAN BEINGS BHUSHAN S; VARMA S; BHATNAGAR V M; et al. - Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology Volume: 20 Issue: 2 Pages: 107 Published: 1976 490. STUDIES ON THE STORAGE QUALITY OF RED AND WHITE ONION ALLIUM-CEPA VARIETIES SANDHU JARNAIL S; THAKUR J C; NANDPURI K S - Journal of Research Punjab Agricultural University Volume: 13 Issue: 3 Pages: 279-282 Published: 1976 491. STUDIES ON THE STORAGE QUALITY OF RED AND WHITE ONION ALLIUM-CEPA VARIETIES SANDHU JARNAIL S; THAKUR J C; NANDPURI K S - Journal of Research Punjab Agricultural University Volume: 13 Issue: 3 Pages: 279-282 Published: 1976 492. DETERMINATION OF DI-SYSTON AND ITS OXIDATIVE METABOLITE RESIDUES IN EGGPLANTS SOLANUM-MELONGENA AND ONIONS ALLIUM-CEPA GAMAR Y - Sudan Journal of Food Science and Technology Volume: 8 Pages: 32-39 Published: 1976 493. STUDIES ON THE ROOT GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF ALLIUM-CEPA EFFECTS OF STREPTOMYCIN PUROHIT S S; AMETA S C; MEHTA M R - Vijnana Parishad Anusandhan Patrika Volume: 19 Issue: 3 Pages: 247-251 Published: 1976 494. Hypoglycaemic effects of onion, Allium cepa Linn. on diabetes mellitus - a preliminary report. Mathew, P T; Augusti, K T - Indian journal of physiology and pharmacology Volume: 19 Issue: 4 Pages: 213-7 Published: 1975 Oct-Dec 495. MULTIPOLARIZING EFFECT OF VINBLASTINE IN CELL-DIVISION OF ALLIUM-CEPA L HERVAS, JP - EXPERIENTIA Volume: 31 Issue: 2 Pages: 170-172 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01990686 Published: 1975 496. EFFECT OF ONION (ALLIUM-CEPA) AND GARLIC (ALLIUM SATIVUM) ON EXPERIMENTALLY INDUCED HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIA IN RABBITS JAIN, RC; VYAS, CR - ARTERY Volume: 1 Issue: 4 Pages: 363-363 Published: 1975 497. EFFECTS OF HUMIDITY ON LOSSES OF BULB ONIONS (ALLIUM-CEPA) STORED AT HIGH-TEMPERATURE STOW, JR - EXPERIMENTAL AGRICULTURE Volume: 11 Issue: 2 Pages: 81-87 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0014479700006517 Published: 1975 498. RESISTANCE OF 20 CULTIVARS OF ONIONS (ALLIUM-CEPA) TO ROTTING AND SPROUTING DURING HIGH-TEMPERATURE STORAGE STOW, JR - EXPERIMENTAL AGRICULTURE Volume: 11 Issue: 3 Pages: 201-207 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0014479700006724 Published: 1975 499. HYPO GLYCEMIC EFFECTS OF ONION ALLIUM-CEPA ON DIABETES MELLITUS A PRELIMINARY REPORT MATHEW P T; AUGUSTI K T - Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology Volume: 19 Issue: 4 Pages: 212-217 Published: 1975 500. RELATIVE FLAVOR CONTRIBUTION OF INDIVIDUAL VOLATILE COMPONENTS OF OIL OF ONION (ALLIUM-CEPA) GALETTO, WG; BEDNARCZYK, AA - JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE Volume: 40 Issue: 6 Pages: 1165-1167 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.1975.tb01043.x Published: 1975 501. DISTRIBUTION OF FLAVOR COMPONENTS IN ONION (ALLIUM-CEPA L), LEEK (ALLIUM-PORRUM) AND GARLIC (ALLIUM-SATIVUM) FREEMAN, GG - JOURNAL OF THE SCIENCE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE Volume: 26 Issue: 4 Pages: 471-481 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740260413 Published: 1975 502. USE OF SYNTHETIC (+/-)-S-1-PROPYL-L-CYSTEINE SULFOXIDE AND OF ALLIINASE PREPARATIONS IN STUDIES OF FLAVOR CHANGES RESULTING FROM PROCESSING OF ONION (ALLIUM-CEPA L) FREEMAN, GG; WHENHAM, RJ - JOURNAL OF THE SCIENCE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE Volume: 26 Issue: 9 Pages: 1333-1346 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740260912 Published: 1975 503. RAPID SPECTROPHOTOMETRIC METHOD OF DETERMINATION OF THIOPROPANAL S-OXIDE (LACHRYMATOR) IN ONION (ALLIUM-CEPA-L) AND ITS SIGNIFICANCE IN FLAVOR STUDIES FREEMAN, GG; WHENHAM, RJ - JOURNAL OF THE SCIENCE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE Volume: 26 Issue: 10 Pages: 1529-1543 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740261012 Published: 1975 504. BIOGENESIS AND BIOCHEMISTRY OF ANTIMICROBIAL ESSENTIAL OILS OF ONIONS (ALLIUM-CEPA L) BECKER, A; SCHUPHAN, W - QUALITAS PLANTARUM-PLANT FOODS FOR HUMAN NUTRITION Volume: 25 Issue: 2 Pages: 107-169 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02591037 Published: 1975 505. OPTIMIZATION OF THE EXTRACTION OF QUERCETIN FROM SCALES OF THE ONION BULB ALLIUM-CEPA BANDYUKOVA V A; MOLCHANOV G I - Izvestiya Severo-Kavkazskogo Nauchnogo Tsentra Vysshei Shkoly Estestvennye Nauki Volume: 3 Issue: 3 Pages: 23-25 Published: 1975 506. OPTIMIZATION OF THE EXTRACTION OF QUERCETIN FROM SCALES OF THE ONION BULB ALLIUM-CEPA BANDYUKOVA V A; MOLCHANOV G I - Izvestiya Severo-Kavkazskogo Nauchnogo Tsentra Vysshei Shkoly Estestvennye Nauki Volume: 3 Issue: 3 Pages: 23-25 Published: 1975 507. GAMMA RADIATION EFFECTS ON THE CONSERVATION OF ONION ALLIUM-CEPA VARIETIES OF THE SAO-FRANCISCO REGION PERNAMBUCO BRAZIL DA SILVA C J G C; SA JUNIOR J P M E; DA SILVEIRA S V; et al. - Pesquisa Agropecuaria Brasileira Serie Agronomia Volume: 10 Issue: 11 Pages: 53-57 Published: 1975 508. GAMMA RADIATION EFFECTS ON THE CONSERVATION OF ONION ALLIUM-CEPA VARIETIES OF THE SAO-FRANCISCO REGION PERNAMBUCO BRAZIL DA SILVA C J G C; SA JUNIOR J P M E; DA SILVEIRA S V; et al. - Pesquisa Agropecuaria Brasileira Serie Agronomia Volume: 10 Issue: 11 Pages: 53-57 Published: 1975 509. MYCOTOXIN POISONING OF ALLIUM-CEPA ROOT TIPS .2. REDUCTION OF MITOTIC INDEX AND FORMATION OF CHROMOSOMAL-ABERRATIONS AND CYTOLOGICAL ABNORMALITIES BY PATULIN, RUBRATOXIN-B AND DIACETOXYSCIRPENOL REISS, J - CYTOLOGIA Volume: 39 Issue: 4 Pages: 703-708 Published: 1974 510. EFFECT OF ALLYL PROPYL DISULFIDE ISOLATED FROM ONION (ALLIUM-CEPA L) ON GLUCOSE-TOLERANCE OF ALLOXAN DIABETIC RABBITS AUGUSTI, KT; ROY, VCM; SEMPLE, M - EXPERIENTIA Volume: 30 Issue: 10 Pages: 1119-1120 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01923642 Published: 1974 511. LIPID LOWERING EFFECT OF ALLYL PROPYL DISULFIDE ISOLATED FROM ALLIUM-CEPA LINN ON LONG-TERM FEEDING TO NORMAL RATS AUGUSTI, KT - INDIAN JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMISTRY & BIOPHYSICS Volume: 11 Issue: 3 Pages: 264-265 Published: 1974 512. ULTRASTRUCTURAL OBSERVATIONS ON INHIBITION OF NUCLEOLAR REORGANIZATION BY 3'-DEOXYADENOSINE IN ALLIUM-CEPA ROOTS SACRISTA.AM; STOCKERT, JC - EXPERIENTIA Volume: 30 Issue: 3 Pages: 294-296 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01934836 Published: 1974 513. MALFORMIN IN ASPERGILLUS-NIGER-INFECTED ONION BULBS (ALLIUMCEPA) CURTIS, RW; STEVENSO.WR; TUITE, J - APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY Volume: 28 Issue: 3 Pages: 362-365 Published: 1974 514. CYANIDIN-3-LAMINARIOBIOSIDE IN SPANISH RED ONION (ALLIUM-CEPA L) DU, CT; WANG, PL; FRANCIS, FJ - JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE Volume: 39 Issue: 6 Pages: 1265-1266 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.1974.tb07371.x Published: 1974 515. CHANGES IN ONION (ALLIUM-CEPA-L) FLAVOR COMPONENTS RESULTING FROM SOME POST-HARVEST PROCESSES FREEMAN, GG; WHENHAM, RJ - JOURNAL OF THE SCIENCE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE Volume: 25 Issue: 5 Pages: 499-515 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740250509 Published: 1974 516. FORMATION OF DIMETHYL SULFIDE FROM S-METHYLMETHIONINE IN ONION SEEDLINGS (ALLIUM-CEPA) HATTULA, T; GRANROTH, B - JOURNAL OF THE SCIENCE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE Volume: 25 Issue: 12 Pages: 1517-1521 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740251212 Published: 1974 517. FLAVOR COMPONENTS IN TISSUE-CULTURES OF ONION (ALLIUM-CEPA L) FREEMAN, GG; WHENHAM, RJ; MACKENZI.IA; et al. - PLANT SCIENCE LETTERS Volume: 3 Issue: 2 Pages: 121-125 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0304-4211(74)90111-4 Published: 1974 518. CYTOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF ARGEMONE OIL ON MITOTIC CELLS OF ALLIUM-CEPA SUBRAMAN.S; REDDY, PV; REEDY, GPV; et al. - PROCEEDINGS OF THE INDIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES SECTION B Volume: 79 Issue: 5 Pages: 216-& Published: 1974 519. SIGNIFICANCE OF ONIONS (ALLIUM-CEPA L) AS FOOD AND MEDICINE IN ANTIQUITY - EMPIRICISM AND SUPERSTITION HAGENOW, G - QUALITAS PLANTARUM-PLANT FOODS FOR HUMAN NUTRITION Volume: 24 Issue: 1-2 Pages: 163-173 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01092732 Published: 1974 520. TISSUE CULTURE OF THE ONION ALLIUM-CEPA SEKERKA V; ERDELSKY K - Acta Facultatis Rerum Naturalium Universitatis Comenianae Physiologia Plantarum Issue: 9 Pages: 79-83 Published: 1974 521. CYANIDIN 3 LAMINARIOBIOSIDE IN SPANISH RED ONION ALLIUM-CEPA DU C P; WANG P L; FRANCIS F J - Journal of Food Science Volume: 39 Issue: 6 Pages: 1265-1266 Published: 1974 522. ISOLATION OF HYPOGLYCEMIC AND HYPERGLYCEMIC AGENTS FROM ALLIUM-CEPA LINN MATHEW, PT; AUGUSTI, KT - INDIAN JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY Volume: 11 Issue: 6 Pages: 573-575 Published: 1973 523. STUDIES ON EFFECTS OF A HYPOGLYCEMIC PRINCIPLE FROM ALLIUM-CEPA LINN AUGUSTI, KT - INDIAN JOURNAL OF MEDICAL RESEARCH Volume: 61 Issue: 7 Pages: 1066-1071 Published: 1973 524. EFFECT OF LONG-TERM FEEDING OF AQUEOUS EXTRACTS OF ONION (ALLIUM-CEPA LINN) AND GARLIC (ALLIUM-SATVUM LINN) ON NORMAL RATS AUGUSTI, KT; MATHEW, PT - INDIAN JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY Volume: 11 Issue: 3 Pages: 239-241 Published: 1973 525. METHODS TO DETERMINE SOLIDITY AND DRY-MATTER CONTENT OF ONIONS (ALLIUM-CEP A L) NIEUWHOF, M; DEBRUYN, JW; GARRETSE.F - EUPHYTICA Volume: 22 Issue: 1 Pages: 39-47 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00021554 Published: 1973 526. STUDIES ON RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN WATER REGIME AND FLAVOR STRENGTH IN WATERCRESS (RORIPPA-NASTURTIUM-AQUATICUM (L) HAYEK), CABBAGE (BRASSICA-OLERACEA-CAPITATA) AND ONION (ALLIUM-CEPA) FREEMAN, GG; MOSSADEG.N - JOURNAL OF HORTICULTURAL SCIENCE & BIOTECHNOLOGY Volume: 48 Issue: 4 Pages: 365-378 Published: 1973 527. ISOLATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF PLATELET AGGREGATION INHIBITOR PRESENT IN ONION, ALLIUM-CEPA WEISENBE.H; KOENIG, E; GRUBE, H; et al. - FEBS LETTERS Volume: 26 Issue: 1 Pages: 105-& DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0014-5793(72)80552-0 Published: 1972 528. CORNEAL SWELLING CAUSED BY ALLIUM-CEPA CHAN, RS; MANDELL, RB - AMERICAN JOURNAL OF OPTOMETRY AND ARCHIVES OF AMERICAN ACADEMY OF OPTOMETRY Volume: 49 Issue: 9 Pages: 713-& Published: 1972 529. EFFECTS OF CYTISINE ON MITOSES IN APICAL MERISTEMS OF ALLIUM-CEPA L ROOTS BUKOWIEC.H; ZOLNIERZ.H; MICHALSK.Z - ACTA POLONIAE PHARMACEUTICA Volume: 29 Issue: 5 Pages: 489-& Published: 1972 530. INFLUENCE OF CITIZINE ON MITOSIS IN APICAL MERISTEMS OF ALLIUM-CEPA ROOTS BUKOWIECKI H; MICHALSKA Z; ZOLNIERZAK H - Acta Poloniae Pharmaceutica (English Translation) Volume: 29 Issue: 5 Pages: 490-493 Published: 1972 531. ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITIES OF ALLIUM-SATIVUM, ALLIUM-CEPA, RAPHANUS-SATIVUS, CAPSICUM-FRUTESCENS, ERUCA-SATIVA, ALLIUM-KURRAT ON BACTERIA ABDOU, IA; ABOUZEID, AA; ELSHERBE.MR; et al. - QUALITAS PLANTARUM ET MATERIAE VEGETABILES Volume: 22 Issue: 1 Pages: 29-& DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01099735 Published: 1972 532. CYTOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF SULPHANILAMIDE ON ROOT APICES OF ALLIUM-CEPA SHARMA, CBSR - INDIAN JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMISTRY & BIOPHYSICS Volume: 8 Issue: 4 Pages: 324-& Published: 1971 533. CHROMOSOME ABERRATIONS IN ROOT TIPS OF ALLIUM-CEPA BY AFLATOXIN B1 REISS, J - EXPERIENTIA Volume: 27 Issue: 8 Pages: 971-& DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02135781 Published: 1971 534. EFFECTS OF ALKALOID COMPLEX OF NUPHAR LUTEUM (L) SIBTH ET SM (LUTENURINE) ON MITOSES IN ALLIUM CEPA-L FURMANOW.M; NIKOGOSJ.I - ACTA POLONIAE PHARMACEUTICA Volume: 28 Issue: 2 Pages: 195-& Published: 1971 535. ANTHOCYANINS IN RED ONION, ALLIUM-CEPA FULEKI, T - JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE Volume: 36 Issue: 1 Pages: 101-& DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.1971.tb02046.x Published: 1971 536. CONTRIBUTION TO THE DETERMINATION OF THE COMPOSITION OF CARBOHYDRATES IN ONIONS-M ALLIUM-CEPA-M FLAM A; MITISKA J - Mitteilungen aus dem Gebiete der Lebensmitteluntersuchung und Hygiene Volume: 62 Issue: 2 Pages: 151-158 Published: 1971 537. A REVIEW ON CHEMICAL AND MEDICINAL ASPECTS OF ALLIUM-CEPA IKRAM M - Pakistan Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research Volume: 14 Issue: 4-5 Pages: 395-398 Published: 1971 538. INHIBITION OF TOBACCO MOSAIC VIRUS MULTIPLICATION BY EXTRACTS FROM ALLIUM-CEPA-M AND ALLIUM-SATIVUM-M DHALIWAL A S; DHALIWAL G K - Advancing Frontiers of Plant Sciences Volume: 28 Pages: 305-310 Published: 1971 539. RIFAMYCIN SV - EFFECT ON RNA SYNTHESIS IN MERISTEMATIC CELLS OF ALLIUM-CEPA NAGL, W - NATURWISSENSCHAFTEN Volume: 57 Issue: 9 Pages: 458-& Published: 1970 540. STUDIES ON EFFECT OF SULPHATE NUTRITION ON FLAVOUR COMPONENTS OF ONION (ALLIUM-CEPA) FREEMAN, GG; MOSSADEG.N - BIOCHEMICAL JOURNAL Volume: 118 Issue: 2 Pages: P24-& Published: 1970 541. [Effects of certain storage conditions on the viability of onion (Allium cepa L.) and cauliflower (Brassica cleracea L)]. Coutino de Moreno, B R; Moreno, E; Zenteno, M - Revista latinoamericana de microbiologia Volume: 12 Issue: 2 Pages: 109-14 Published: 1970 Apr-Jun 542. STUDIES ON FLAVOR COMPONENTS OF ONION-M ALLIUM-CEPA-M PART 1 THIN LAYER CHROMATOGRAPHIC INVESTIGATION OF ONION-M OIL BANDYOPADHYAY C; SRIRANGARAJAN A N; SREENIVASAN A - Journal of Chromatography Volume: 47 Issue: 3 Pages: 400-407 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(70)80059-0 Published: 1970 543. NUCLEOLAR SEGREGATION BY ADENOSINE 3'-DEOXYRIBOSIDE (CORDYCEPIN) IN ROOT-TIP CELLS OF ALLIUM-CEPA STOCKERT, JC; FERNANDE.ME; SOGO, JM; et al. - EXPERIMENTAL CELL RESEARCH Volume: 59 Issue: 1 Pages: 85-& DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0014-4827(70)90626-9 Published: 1970 544. EFFECT OF SULPHATE NUTRITION ON FLAVOUR COMPONENTS OF ONION (ALLIUM-CEPA) FREEMAN, GG; MOSSADEG.N - JOURNAL OF THE SCIENCE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE Volume: 21 Issue: 12 Pages: 610-& DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740211203 Published: 1970 545. MITOSIS, MACROMOLECULE SYNTHESIS, AND ULTRASTRUCTURE OF ALLIUM CEPA L ROOT MERISTEM CELLS TREATED WITH ACTINOMYCIN D BAL, AK; STEMARIE, M - JOURNAL OF CELL BIOLOGY Volume: 43 Issue: 2P2 Pages: A10-& Published: 1969 546. THE VARIETAL CHARACTERISTIC OF ONION-M ALLIUM-CEPA-M WITH REGARD TO KEEPING QUALITY TRONICKOVA E - Vedecke Prace Vyzkumneho Ustavu Rostlinne Vyroby v Praze-Ruzyni Issue: 14 Pages: 111-124 Published: 1969 547. CHROMOSOME BREAKING EFFECT OF 6-METHYLCOUMARIN IN ALLIUM CEPA IN RELATION TO MITOTIC CYCLE RONCHI, VN; ARCARA, PG - MUTATION RESEARCH Volume: 4 Issue: 6 Pages: 791-& DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0027-5107(67)90088-7 Published: 1967 548. SPACING AND NITROGEN FERTILIZATION ON THE GROWTH YIELD AND QUALITY OF ONION-M ALLIUM-CEPA-M ABSTRACT DAS R C; BEHERA S N - Indian Science Congress Association Proceedings Volume: 54 Issue: 3 Pages: 525 Published: 1967 549. HIGH MITOTIC SYNCHRONIZATION INDUCED BY 5-AMINOURACIL IN ROOT CELLS OF ALLIUM CEPA L WAGENAAR, EB - EXPERIMENTAL CELL RESEARCH Volume: 43 Issue: 1 Pages: 184-& DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0014-4827(66)90391-0 Published: 1966 550. NACHWEIS VON KAMPFEROL IN ZWIEBELSCHALEN (ALLIUM CEPA LINN.) BHANDARI, PR - NATURWISSENSCHAFTEN Volume: 53 Issue: 3 Pages: 82-& Published: 1966 551. EFFECT OF MALACHITE GREEN CONGO RED AND SAFRANIN ON CELL DIVISION IN GEMMAE OF ALLIUM CEPA REJNIAK, L; PIOTROWS.H - NATURE Volume: 209 Issue: 5022 Pages: 517-& DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/209517a0 Published: 1966 552. EFFECTS OF PHENETHYL ALCOHOL ON CHROMOSOMES OF ALLIUM CEPA BAMMI, RK; JURA, P - EXPERIMENTAL CELL RESEARCH Volume: 41 Issue: 1 Pages: 124-& DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0014-4827(66)90552-0 Published: 1966 553. PIGMENTS IN 3 CULTIVARS OF COMMON ONION (ALLIUM CEPA) BRANDWEI.BJ - JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE Volume: 30 Issue: 4 Pages: 680-& DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.1965.tb01824.x Published: 1965 554. Antidiabetic activity of Egyptian onion "Allium cepa" extract. Galal, E E; Gawad, M A - The Journal of the Egyptian Medical Association Volume: 48 Pages: Suppl:14-45 Published: 1965 555. SOME EFFECTS ON ULTRASTRUCTURE OF ROOT MERISTEM OF ALLIUM CEPA BY 6 AZA URACIL HALL, WT; WITKUS, ER - EXPERIMENTAL CELL RESEARCH Volume: 36 Issue: 3 Pages: 494-& DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0014-4827(64)90305-2 Published: 1964 556. EFFECT OF STORAGE OF X-RAY IRRADIATED ONIONS ALLIUM CEPA L. ON CHANGES IN CELL PERMEABILITY SRB, V - EXPERIMENTAL CELL RESEARCH Volume: 36 Issue: 2 Pages: 270-& DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0014-4827(64)90207-1 Published: 1964 557. ACTION OF THALIDOMIDE ON RADICAL MERISTEMS OF ALLIUM CEPA GIACOMELLO, G; QUAGLIA, G; MALATEST.P - NATURE Volume: 201 Issue: 492 Pages: 940-& DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/201940a0 Published: 1964 558. A study of the movement of nitrogen and volatile compounds in onion (Allium cepa) during storage [Russ., Ger., and Engl. summ.] HRDLICKA, JIRI; JANICEK, GUSTAV; CMOLKOVA, RADMILA - SB VYS SK CHEM TECHNOL PRAZE POTRAVIN TECHNOL Volume: 8 Issue: (2) Pages: 191-196 Published: 1964 559. AN EXAMINATION OF FREE AMINO ACIDS OF COMMON ONION (ALLIUM CEPA) KUON, J; BERNHARD, RA - JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE Volume: 28 Issue: 3 Pages: 298-& DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.1963.tb00201.x Published: 1963 560. [The antimitotic activity of blister fluid from burns on Allium cepa L. plant tips]. CALIFANO, A - Bollettino della Societa italiana di biologia sperimentale Volume: 38 Pages: 60-2 Published: 1962-Jan-31

  • 561. [Contribution to the study of a biological assay on plants for the evaluation of potential antineoplastic drugs. II. Variations in the composition of the terminal portions of the roots of Allium cepa L. subjected to the action of synthetic antineoplastic agents: thiotepa, chloramine, oxychlorine].

GHELARDI-PRIMAVORI, G - Bollettino chimico farmaceutico Volume: 100 Pages: 112-27 Published: 1961-Feb

  • 562. Microbial hydrolysis of quercetin glycosides from the inner scales of the onion (Allium cepa L.)

KOEPPEN, B. H.; van der SPUY, J. E. - S AFRICAN JOUR AGRIC SCI Volume: 4 Issue: (4) Pages: 557-563 Published: 1961

  • 563. A COMPARISON OF THE EFFECTS OF COLCHICINE AND SOME PURIFIED VERATRUM ALKALOIDS ON NUCLEAR DIVISION IN ROOTS OF ALLIUM-CEPA L

SMITH, DL; HINER, LD - JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN PHARMACEUTICAL ASSOCIATION Volume: 49 Issue: 8 Pages: 538-542 Published: 1960

  • 564. [Study of several purine antagonists. I. Orientative investigations to clarify the influence of several chemico-physical factors on the radical meristem of Allium cepa].

CRAVERI, F; DORMIA, L - Archivio di scienze biologiche Volume: 44 Pages: 271-8 Published: 1960 Jul-Sep

  • 565. [Contribution to the study of a biological assay on plants for the evaluation of presumably antineoplastic drugs. I. Water, nucleic acids and dry ash of Allium cepa L. root tips subjected to the action of colchicine].

GHELARDI PRIMAVORI, G - Bollettino chimico farmaceutico Volume: 98 Pages: 529-38 Published: 1959-Sep

  • 566. THE INFLUENCE OF SUBSTANCES EXTRACTED FROM CIGARETTE-SMOKE ON MITOTIC PROCESSES IN ALLIUM CEPA

VENEMA, G - CHROMOSOMA Volume: 10 Issue: 6 Pages: 679-685 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00396592 Published: 1959

  • 567. Studies on increasing action of Allium cepa extract for leucocyte count

NAKAMURA, MASAO; MIYAZAWA, FUMIO; SAKUMA, EIKO; et al. - BULL NATL HYG LAB Volume: 77 Pages: 399-404 Published: 1959

  • 568. [Control of hemophilia by administration of onions (Allium cepa)].

KUKOWKA, A - Hippokrates Volume: 29 Issue: 16 Pages: 529-31 Published: 1958-Aug-31

  • 569. [Antimitotic action of thallium chloride on vegetative apices of Allium cepa L].

BELTRAMI, L - Archivio italiano di scienze farmacologiche Volume: 8 Issue: 2 Pages: 151-6 Published: 1958-Apr

  • 570. The flavonoid and other phenolic compounds of Allium cepa L

HERRMANN, K. - ARCH PHARM U BER DEUTSCH PHARM GES Volume: 291 Issue: (5) Pages: 238-247 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ardp.19582910506 Published: 1958

  • 571. The antimitotic activity of cyanates on the bulbs of Allium cepa L

ROTINI, O. T.; MARINO, G. - ARCH BIOCHEM AND BIOPHYS Volume: 69 Pages: 346-352 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0003-9861(57)90500-3 Published: 1957

  • 572. [Cytological activity of thallous acid in the apex of Allium cepa L].

NANETTI, L; MARRAS, G - Archivio italiano di scienze farmacologiche Volume: 7 Issue: 2 Pages: 83-92 Published: 1957-Apr

  • 573. [Effects of 2-methyl-1, 4-naphthohydroquinone on Allium cepa test].

NANETTI, L - Bollettino della Societa italiana di biologia sperimentale Volume: 33 Issue: 4 Pages: 454-6 Published: 1957-Apr

  • 574. Observations on the effect of antifungal antibiotics on root meristem of A. cepa

CRAVERI, RENATO; VERONESI, UMBERTO - RIV BIOL [PERUGIA] Volume: 49 Issue: (1) Pages: 89-97 Published: 1957

  • 575. THE EFFECT UPON MITOSIS IN ALLIUM-CEPA OF AN ANTIFUNGAL ANTIBIOTIC PRODUCED BY STREPTOMYCES SP

CRAVERI, R; VERONESI, U - EXPERIMENTAL CELL RESEARCH Volume: 11 Issue: 3 Pages: 560-567 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0014-4827(56)90165-3 Published: 1956

  • 576. [Antibacterial properties of onion (Allium cepa L.)].

MORDARSKI, M - Archivum immunologiae et therapiae experimentalis Volume: 4 Pages: 287-97 Published: 1956

  • 577. [Research on the effect of plant-effecting substances on the root growth of Allium cepa and on the germination of Lepidium sativum].

STEINEGGER, E; LEUPI, H - Pharmaceutica acta Helvetiae Volume: 31 Issue: 1 Pages: 45-51 Published: 1956-Jan

  • 578. [Studies on the effect of active phytogenic agents on the root growth of Allium Cepa and on the germination of Lepidium sativum. I].

STEINEGGER, E; LEUPI, H - Pharmaceutica acta Helvetiae Volume: 30 Issue: 12 Pages: 452-61 Published: 1955-Dec

  • 579. [Studies on the effect of active phytogenic agents on the root growth of Allium Cepa and on the germination of Lepidium sativum. II].

STEINEGGER, E; LEUPI, H - Pharmaceutica acta Helvetiae Volume: 30 Issue: 12 Pages: 476-9 Published: 1955-Dec

  • 580. ALTERATIONS CHROMOSOMIQUES PROVOQUEES PAR LA GUANINE CHEZ LALLIUM CEPA L

DEYSSON, M - COMPTES RENDUS HEBDOMADAIRES DES SEANCES DE L ACADEMIE DES SCIENCES Volume: 240 Issue: 20 Pages: 2006-2008 Published: 1955

  • 581. In vitro study of antitubercular substances from Allium species, I. Allium schoenoprasum. II. Allium cepa

GUPTA, K. C; VISWANATHAN, R. - ANTIBIOT AND CHEMOTHER Volume: 5 Issue: (1) Pages: 18-21 Published: 1955

  • 582. COMPARAISON DE LACTION EXERCEE PAR LE CHLORAL ET PAR SON GLUCOSIDE, LE CHLORALOSE, SUR LA DIVISION DES CELLULES MERISTEMATIQUES DALLIUM CEPA-L

DEYSSON, M - COMPTES RENDUS HEBDOMADAIRES DES SEANCES DE L ACADEMIE DES SCIENCES Volume: 238 Issue: 9 Pages: 1064-1066 Published: 1954

  • 583. NOUVELLES RECHERCHES SUR LES FRAGMENTATIONS CHROMOSOMIQUES PROVOQUEES PAR LURACILE ET LURIDINE CHEZ ALLIUM-CEPA L

DEYSSON, M - COMPTES RENDUS HEBDOMADAIRES DES SEANCES DE L ACADEMIE DES SCIENCES Volume: 238 Issue: 3 Pages: 378-380 Published: 1954

  • 584. On the modifications induced by [beta][beta]' -dichloroethyl- [beta] -ethanolamine hydrochloride and by [beta][beta]'[beta] -triethanolamine hydrochloride on mitosis of the roots of Allium cepa

SANT'ELIA, F. - TUMORI Volume: 39 Issue: (4) Pages: 276-280 Published: 1953

  • 585. ACTION PROTECTRICE DE LA BETA-MERCAPTOETHYLAMINE, VIS-A-VIS DES EFFETS TOXIQUES SUR LES CELLULES DALLIUM-CEPA-L, DUN COMPOSE DU GROUPE DES RADIOMIMETIQUES BETA-LA BETA-BETA'-BETA-TRICHLORETHYLAMINE

DEYSSON, G; TRUHAUT, R - COMPTES RENDUS HEBDOMADAIRES DES SEANCES DE L ACADEMIE DES SCIENCES Volume: 236 Issue: 24 Pages: 2329-2330 Published: 1953

  • 586. *LA PARAHYDROXYPROPIOPHENONE, POISON MITOTIQUE - ETUDE COMPAREE DE LACTION DE LA PARAHYDROXYPROPIOPHENONE ET DE QUELQUES SUBSTANCES APPARENTEES SUR LA DIVISION CELLULAIRE CHEZ LALLIUM-CEPA L

TRUHAUT, R; DEYSSON, G - BULLETIN DE LA SOCIETE DE CHIMIE BIOLOGIQUE Volume: 35 Issue: 3-4 Pages: 312-325 Published: 1953

  • 587. DOES MESO-INOSITOL INHIBIT THE COLCHICINE EFFECT IN THE ROOTS OF ALLIUM CEPA

DAMATO, F - ARCHIVES INTERNATIONALES DE PHARMACODYNAMIE ET DE THERAPIE Volume: 89 Issue: 4 Pages: 409-414 Published: 1952

  • 588. FRAGMENTATION DUN DES CHROMOSOMES DE LALLIUM-CEPA L SOUS LINFLUENCE DE LURACILE

DEYSSON, M - COMPTES RENDUS HEBDOMADAIRES DES SEANCES DE L ACADEMIE DES SCIENCES Volume: 234 Issue: 6 Pages: 650-652 Published: 1952

  • 589. [Properties of phytoncides of Allium cepa].

GUZOWSKA, B; ORZECHOWSKA, B; KUNICKI-GOLDFINGER, W - Acta microbiologica Polonica Volume: 1 Issue: 3 Pages: 176-84 Published: 1952

  • 590. [Not Available].

B, R - Fitoterapia Volume: 19 Issue: 4 Pages: 4 Published: 1948 Oct-Dec

  • 591. Proprieta anti-batteriche del succo di "Allium cepa L." II

CUBONI, E.; MORIONDI, C. - BOLL IST SIEROTER MILAN Volume: 10 Issue: (3/4) Pages: 204-208...